Sigmoidoscopy

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  • Health Belief Model Paper

    Health Issue that is affected by a social condition Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the 3rd most common cancer and second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States for both men and women (Steele, et al. 2013). Most colorectal cancers develop slowly over several years from a growth tissue often referred as “polyps” which are benign and non-cancerous in nature. Because of this relatively slow growth, CRC is one of the cancers that can be effectively screened for. A colonoscopy is considered the gold standard for colorectal cancer screening and is the preferred modality of colorectal screening by the American College of Gastroenterology (Geiger, et al. 2008). It is a procedure where physicians use a flexible and lighted tube known as a colonoscope to view the interior walls of the rectum and entire colon (CDC.gov 2016). Current United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends all patients who are asymptomatic and lack familial predisposition to CRC to get a colonoscopy every 10 years from age 50 to 75. (Steele, et al. 2013). Benefits of colonoscopy are well documented and studies have shown that for patients from ages 50 to 79, the number of colonoscopies that are needed to save 1 year of life is between 3 and 6. Furthermore, colonoscopies are also cost effective at $10,000 to $20,000 cost per life year saved. (Geiger, et al. 2008). Despite the effectiveness of routine colonoscopies, the incidence of colon cancer has decreased very little due to…

    Words: 1046 - Pages: 5
  • Essay On Gardner's Syndrome

    there is a different way to have a child without Gardner’s Syndrome. This “different way” is called a Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis. This a medical procedure done in conjugation with in-vitro fertilization and this procedure was created not too long ago. The female eggs are taken along with the sperm. when they have the materials needed they inject the sperm into the egg by needle and from there before the eggs become too developed the scientists/doctors take samples to see which baby egg…

    Words: 1328 - Pages: 6
  • Factors Of Crohn's Disease

    conducted to note any guarding, rebound tenderness (when the area of the abdomen is compressed and pain is experienced when the hand of the examiner is released quickly), general abdominal tenderness and location, abdominal irregularity/masses patient with abdominal distention can indicate bowel obstruction. One of the strongest indicator is the location of symptomatic pain determines the disease (Mazal). For instance, pain in the right quadrant indicates a case of ileocecal Crohn disease.…

    Words: 1530 - Pages: 6
  • Gastrointestinal Cancer: A Case Study

    the lymph nodes that are close. Stage IV cancer has spread to other parts of the body like the liver or lungs and also spread to other lymph nodes (MD Anderson, n.d.). Fortunately, there are many test that can help detect Colon cancer or polyps that might cause it. The most common one is a Colonoscopy; this process uses a long tube, with a camera attached to it, to view the inside of the colon. Surgical tools are able to pass through the tube so any tissues samples can be taken for analysis.…

    Words: 1042 - Pages: 5
  • The Importance Of Colorectal Cancer Screening

    USPSTF, 2014). According to Cancer Statistics, 2015; estimates of new colorectal cancer cases and deaths in the United States by the end of this year are: 132,700 and 49,700 respectively. In addition, estimates of 2015 by state show that California is the highest in both incidence and deaths, with 14,510 (12%), and 5,180 (11%) respectively nationwide. Increasing the proportion of adults who receive a colorectal cancer screening, is one of the leading health indicators by Healthy People 2020.…

    Words: 1131 - Pages: 5
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Case Study

    largely on the complete medical history and physical exam of the patient. A substantial proportion of patients going in to primary care physicians and to gastroenterologists for GI problem are for Irritable bowel syndrome. The diagnosis is started by checking the family history for any colon cancer, celiac disease or inflammatory bower disease. During the physical exam, the doctor will check for abdominal bloating, tapping on the abdomen to check for any tenderness or pain, and the doctor will…

    Words: 1200 - Pages: 5
  • Gastrointestinal Cancer

    also spread to other distant lymph nodes (MD Anderson, n.d.). Fortunately, there are many test that can help detect colon cancer or polyps that might cause it. The most common test is a Colonoscopy; this process uses a long tube, with a camera attached to it, to view the inside of the colon (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Surgical tools are able to pass through the tube, so tissues samples can be taken for analysis. (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Another test for Colon cancer is a CT colonography; this test takes…

    Words: 1353 - Pages: 6
  • Ulcerative Colitis Research Paper

    have this disease. A physician can decide based on the symptoms that the patients is showing; however, this can lead to a false diagnosis of another disease such as needing to have the gallbladder removed to solve the problems. There are also other options than this method, including stool samples. Stool sample can be used to rule out any other infection that might be causing these symptoms such as: campylobacter, shigella, salmonella, E. coli, and clostridium difficile. Bowel assessments are…

    Words: 1603 - Pages: 7
  • What Are The Determinants Of Racial Disparities?

    disparity in CRC survival [4]. They also found that African American patients had a notably higher proportion of advanced stage CRC at diagnosis, and lower ratios of stages I and II compared to white patients. Disappointingly, the advanced stages of diagnosis among African Americans may be directly linked to the differences in screening rates between whites and African Americans [9]. Although routine CRC screening increased among all racial groups over the last decade, African Americans have…

    Words: 1073 - Pages: 4
  • Ulcerative Colitis Case Study

    Introduction: UC is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) that involves the large intestine and is a major disorder under the broad group of conditions termed inflammatory bowel disease, which also includes Crohn’s disease (CD). Dr. Samuel Wilks was the first to distinguish Ulcerative Colitis (UC) in 1859 when he described on “idiopathic colitis” and it has distinct features from the most common bacillary dysentery [1]. In that year, Sir Arthur Hurst wrote…

    Words: 973 - Pages: 4
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