In today’s world sensors especially optical sensors have many emerging applications beginning from the medical diagnostics to detect the pollution in the environment. Because of these wide range of applications the challenges faced to design, proper functioning and maintenance of an optical sensor requires immense knowledge of optical, material, and environmental properties that could affect sensor performance in all aspects. The wavelength range of the laser, interactions between the signal and the target, the effect of the environment on the transmission of the signal, methods used to amplify the optical signal, and materials which are used to focus on and collect the optical signal are all important aspects of optical sensors. This report…
1.1.1 Types of Sensor Networks
Terrestrial WSNs: - In Terrestrial WSNs, nodes are distributed in a given area either in a pre-planned manner (sensor nodes are placed according to optimal placement, grid placement, 2-d and 3-d placement models) or in an ad hoc manner (sensor nodes are randomly placed in the target area by dropping it from plane). After all battery power is limited and it cannot be reenergized, terrestrial sensor nodes must be provided with a maximum power source such as solar…
FIBER OPTIC SENSORS
Mr. Prasanna M.Thawale
School of Computer science and Engineering, California State University Northridge, Northridge-91324.
Independent Study On Fiber Optic Sensors
Guide: Prof. Nagwa Bekir
Topic: Fiber Optic Sensors
Fiber optic sensor since their emergence have been a sector of keen interest for researchers because of their specific and exclusive characteristics thus resulting into the fastest growing field in the…
1.1 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK (WSN):
Wi-Fi sensor networks (WSN), once in a while called wireless tool and actuator networks (WSAN), are spatially disbursed autonomous sensors to monitor bodily or environmental situations, which include temperature, sound, pressure, and so forth. and to cooperatively pass their expertise through the network to a major location. The extra brand new networks are bi-directional, additionally sanctioning control of device activity. The…
A sensor is a device that receives a stimulus, meaurand, or any input signal such as from heat, pressure, light, motion and many more, and responds with an electrical signal. This electrical signal then will decide what will be the result of an output. Depending on the input of the stimulus, the sensor will react to it in a particular way. Sensors are attached to an electrical device and they scan the surrounding environment. Then it converts the input signals to a voltage, current or charge.…
This mechanism implemented with two sesnors which can detect a surface under the robot and move the robot accordingly. If the edge is detected on a platform by right sensor the robot will turn to its left and vice versa.
When the robot detects the edge on both the sides it moves backward untill it doesn’t detect any edge and then moves to the right side a little and repeats the above process.
Line following robot :
Now, lets design a line following robot, for that, I need to pick a 50 ext block…
Design and Simulation of Microcantilevers for Sensing Applications
MEMS is the integration of active and passive elements on a single chip, which combine electronics, electrical as well as mechanical elements to use in sensing and actuation. MEMS technology used in sensing applications with use of basic mechanical elements such as microcantilevers, beams, diaphragms, springs, gears and so on. In this research paper, microcantilevers are used as basic elements for design of Sensors.…
The Passive Optical Networks (PON) is the network which is most popular in fiber network access systems. The abstract states the actual concept of Passive optical Network it's importance. It also implies the Definition and explanation of ONT(Optical Network Terminal), ONU, FTTH-BPON and FTTH-GEPON systems in FTTx premises.
The key objectives of the lab are :
• Learning Fiber to the home - BPON and Fiber to the home - GEPON systems.
• To process the layer 2…
A number of caries detection devices are available in the market today. Each of these is based on a certain underlying physical principle such as X- Rays, Visible light, Laser light, Electrical current and Ultrasound (Pretty, I. 2006).
The four basic characteristics that need to be looked at for comparing devices are explained below.
Reliability ensures a procedure that is consistent, stable and dependable with minimal error on repeated measurement of the same variable (Pretty,…
The communication protocols used in connecting sensors form a network for collecting sensory information called BSN. Patients who are going about their day to day activity can receive quality health monitoring in real time by us of BSN. The BSN nodes are attached to these patients. On a predetermined period, the BSN collect health information such as pulse, blood sugar level and temperature and transmit it to a remote medical aid. This way, the medical personnel are able to keep up to date with…