Our search strategy initially yielded 904 articles out of which 614 were excluded as those dealt either with fractures other than the scapula fractures or other unrelated topics on the scapula. Further, there were 91 case reports, 11 case series with less than 7 patients, 12 articles describing operative approach to scapula, 19 reviews, 3 studies investigating the causes and incidence of scapular fractures and 39 articles without an abstract. The duplications, letters to the editor, fractures of scapula following reverse shoulder and articles on floating shoulder (124 articles) were excluded.
32 studies met the inclusion criteria, of these two were systematic reviews and one was a meta-analysis (only dealing with operative management), the other 29 articles were all case series (EBM level 4) (Figure 1). A…
fascia, the inferior angle of scapula, and lower 3-4 ribs. Intertubercular groove floor. Extends and medially rotates arm.
Triceps Brachii Long head: infraglenoid tubercle of scapula; Lateral head: posterolateral humerus and lateral intermuscular septum; Medial head: posteromedial surface of the inferior half of humerus. Ulna olecranon process. Extension of the forearm and long head.
Deltoids Lateral 1/3 of the clavicle, acromion, and the lower lip of the crest from the spine of the…
Green Tea, daily would be a great benefit for its antioxidant, metabolic and cleansing
properties - especially as he adjusts to a positive nutritional intake.
LEARNING EXPERIENCE 1
List the major bones of the body and at least one muscle that attaches to each (minimum of
List of major bones in the body, including a muscle attached to each:
CERVICAL VERTEBRAE (7) – Trapezius (middle)
Smallest of the true vertebrae, cervical vertebrae are found…
tendonitis use cross fiber friction. First relax the belly of the biceps with compression. Then follow the belly up toward the long head and cross fiber friction the tendon as it passes up toward the bicipital grove of the humerus to the point of the acromion process. Take a moment at the end of the session to teach the client how to utilize cross fiber friction on this tendon as part of a home care plan.
When impingement syndrome has been indicated by ROM testing it is often favorable to…
This can be extremely painful for the patient and can inhibit athletic performance. Some times, the condition is managed surgically; however, a majority of the time it is managed with rest and physical therapy. Therapy for this condition would focus on strengthening the muscles of the shoulder including the scapula stabilizers as well as the rotator cuff. If left untreated, shoulder impingement can eventually cause more serious injuries such as a rotator cuff tear or glenohumeral instability…
Rotator cuff tears are debilitating injuries that can take months from which to fully heal
and recover. Thus, medical professionals want to use the most effective treatments to help
patients return to normal life as fast as possible. One main treatment for rotator cuff tears is
physical therapy designed to increase range of motion and then strengthen surrounding muscles
to maintain that recovered range of motion. To measure growth and recovery in a objective
fashion, tests over range of…
1. Flexor carpi ulnaris
a. The flexor carpi ulnaris originates on the humeral medial epicondyle/ the ulnar olecranon process, and inserts onto the pisiform, hamate, and 5th metacarpal (Starkey, Brown, Ryan, 2011).
a. Its main functions are wrist flexion and ulnar deviation (Starkey, et al., 2011).
2. Flexor digitorum profundus
a. The flexor digitorum profundus originates on the proximal portion of the ulna near the interosseous membrane, and inserts onto the base of the phalanges (II-V)…
originates from the lateral half part of the clavicle (anterior fibers), the acromion of the scapula (lateral fibers) and the spine of the scapula (posterior fibers). All the fibers merge on the deltoid tuberosity of the humerus.The anterior fibers flex and rotate the humerus medially. The lateral fibers abduct the humerus. The posterior fibers extend and laterally…
It influences stability of the shoulder joint and transfers forces from the legs to the arms (Ebaugh et al, 2010). These movements are crucial for a tennis serve and therefore show its importance in maintaining optimal function in this area (Schacter, 2010). Reinold et al (2013) has suggested that exercises strengthening the scapula stabilising muscles (serratus anterior and trapezius muscles) have shown to be beneficial for overarm athletes. By building up the dynamic stability of these muscles…
External Oblique Ribs 5-12 Lilac crest and linea alba Compress abdomen and flex vertebral column T7-T12 and the iliohypogastric nerve.
Pectoralis minor 2nd -5th ribs. Coracoid process of scapula Abducts scapula and rotates it downward. Medial pectoral nerve.
Serratus Ventralis Superior 8th or 9th Vertebral border and inferior angle of scapula. Abducts scapula and rotates it upward. Long thoracic nerve.
Trapezius Superior nuchal line of occipital bone Clavicle and acromion and spine…