Our search strategy initially yielded 904 articles out of which 614 were excluded as those dealt either with fractures other than the scapula fractures or other unrelated topics on the scapula. Further, there were 91 case reports, 11 case series with less than 7 patients, 12 articles describing operative approach to scapula, 19 reviews, 3 studies investigating the causes and incidence of scapular fractures and 39 articles without an abstract. The duplications, letters to the editor, fractures of scapula following reverse shoulder and articles on floating shoulder (124 articles) were excluded.
32 studies met the inclusion criteria, of these two were systematic reviews and one was a meta-analysis (only dealing with operative management), the other 29 articles were all case series (EBM level 4) (Figure 1). A…
tendonitis use cross fiber friction. First relax the belly of the biceps with compression. Then follow the belly up toward the long head and cross fiber friction the tendon as it passes up toward the bicipital grove of the humerus to the point of the acromion process. Take a moment at the end of the session to teach the client how to utilize cross fiber friction on this tendon as part of a home care plan.
When impingement syndrome has been indicated by ROM testing it is often favorable to…
Green Tea, daily would be a great benefit for its antioxidant, metabolic and cleansing
properties - especially as he adjusts to a positive nutritional intake.
LEARNING EXPERIENCE 1
List the major bones of the body and at least one muscle that attaches to each (minimum of
List of major bones in the body, including a muscle attached to each:
CERVICAL VERTEBRAE (7) – Trapezius (middle)
Smallest of the true vertebrae, cervical vertebrae are found…
This can be extremely painful for the patient and can inhibit athletic performance. Some times, the condition is managed surgically; however, a majority of the time it is managed with rest and physical therapy. Therapy for this condition would focus on strengthening the muscles of the shoulder including the scapula stabilizers as well as the rotator cuff. If left untreated, shoulder impingement can eventually cause more serious injuries such as a rotator cuff tear or glenohumeral instability…
Vastus Intermedius assist the left and right legs for flexion of the knee, extension of the hip, and extension of the knee as the vaulter sets their stance to pole plant. The left and right wrists are extended by the Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus and the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis. The Pronator Teres in the left elbow has weak flexion and pronation of the forearm. The Anconeus in the right elbow allows the extension of the elbow. The Infraspinatus and the Pectoralis Major work on bilateral…
It influences stability of the shoulder joint and transfers forces from the legs to the arms (Ebaugh et al, 2010). These movements are crucial for a tennis serve and therefore show its importance in maintaining optimal function in this area (Schacter, 2010). Reinold et al (2013) has suggested that exercises strengthening the scapula stabilising muscles (serratus anterior and trapezius muscles) have shown to be beneficial for overarm athletes. By building up the dynamic stability of these muscles…
The human shoulder is made up of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone) as well as associated muscles, ligaments and tendons. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and their tendons that act to stabilize the shoulder. The four muscles of the rotator cuff are over half of the seven scapulohumeral muscles. The four muscles are the supraspinatus muscle, the infraspinatus muscle, teres minor muscle, and the subscapularis muscle.
External Oblique Ribs 5-12 Lilac crest and linea alba Compress abdomen and flex vertebral column T7-T12 and the iliohypogastric nerve.
Pectoralis minor 2nd -5th ribs. Coracoid process of scapula Abducts scapula and rotates it downward. Medial pectoral nerve.
Serratus Ventralis Superior 8th or 9th Vertebral border and inferior angle of scapula. Abducts scapula and rotates it upward. Long thoracic nerve.
Trapezius Superior nuchal line of occipital bone Clavicle and acromion and spine…
Anatomy of the shoulder
The shoulder joint, as it is commonly called, is not a single joint but a complex arrangement of bones, ligaments and musculotendinous units that called the shoulder girdle. The primary role of the shoulder girdle is to provide a tremendous range of motion for positioning the upper extremity in space. The shoulder girdle also provides power and support for the upper extremity throughout and at the extremes of the range of motion. (19)
Structure Origin Insertion Action
Deltoideus, pars clavicularis Lateral third of clavicle Deltoid tuberosity of the lateral side of the body of the humerus Flexion and medial (internal) rotation of humerus
Deltoideus, pars acromialis Acromion Deltoid tuberosity of the lateral side of the body of the humerus Abduction of humerus
Deltoideus, pars spinalis Scapula spine Deltoid tuberosity of the lateral side of the body of the humerus Extension and lateral rotation of humerus