Page 1 of 25 - About 247 Essays
  • Iron Smelting In Africa

    Traders from Lebanon, from 1000 B.C.E, spread iron-working technology west through Mediterranean along the North African coastline. Settlements became colonies, Carthage was the most important. Berbers supplied them with food and the Phoenician-Berbers became Carthaginians. They explored the Atlantic coast of north-west Africa, possibly to Cape Blanc by 400 B.C.E. Carthaginian power (800-500 B.C.E.) was partly based on trans-Saharan trade. Berber pastoralists controlled the trade, and had indirect contact through the Sahara via oasis. The main trading item and currency was Saharan salt. Salt traded north in exchange for food, cloth, beads, metal. The south traded for gold, ivory and captives for sale into slavery. Slavery was a minor part of trade, used at Saharan salt pans and for North African labor. Regular Saharan trading routes showed rock paintings of North African racing chariots. Transportation used during this time was donkeys, mules, and horses. Problems during this time were water shortages, and raids by Garamantes. Camels, from Arabia,were not widely used in North Africa until 1st century…

    Words: 1009 - Pages: 4
  • Cultural Expertise, Understanding And Awareness: Libya

    Cultural Expertise, Understanding, and Awareness: Libya Edward. K. Kosso ALC 13B3 006-17 Cultural Expertise, Understanding, and Awareness: Libya Libya is a country situated in the Maghreb region of Northern Africa, nearly all of the nation’s land mass is within the Sahara Desert. It’s bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. Tripoli is the Capital city of Libya. According to…

    Words: 1081 - Pages: 5
  • Nile River's Influence On Egyptian Civilization

    The Sahara greatly hindered cultural diffusion in Africa. The dry climate and soil was not good for a healthy farmland, and this made it impossible for fruit and vegetables that humans need to survive. The drinking water was limited to one area in Chad or underground reservoirs which means humans could not survive. Trading was not an option, because no one could cross the desert back and forth to trade with other regions. All of these factors make for a poor economy and low human survival rate.…

    Words: 1269 - Pages: 6
  • Stereotypes About Africa Essay

    because of economic, social and maybe political interests (106). The city traded goods and resources with West Africa, the Niger river and the Bani River (106). Jenne-Jeno gained revenue from the Saharan trade, placing the Middle Niger on the map for great contributions to economic growth (106). Jenne-Jeno proved that the Middle Niger played an important role in the creation of African history (106). 4. The Sahara Desert was a huge barrier that kept people from traveling to surrounding cities…

    Words: 2282 - Pages: 10
  • The Sahara Desert Essay

    Can you imagine living in the world’s largest and hottest desert? The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest and hottest desert. The Sahel lies on the southern border of the Sahara. This region receives more rain than the Sahara, but it often suffers from long periods of drought. Most of Sahel’s land is not appropriate for growing crops, which gave a hard time to the farmers living there. The Sahel are turning into a desert and it greatly affects the people who live there. People adapt living in…

    Words: 1180 - Pages: 5
  • The Ghana Empire

    The Ghana Empire The Ghana Empire was one of the three major West African empires, and first started when Berbers, group of nomadic people came to an area called Kumbi, or Kumbi Saleh, which is near the modern day southeastern Mauritania and Mali, close to the Sahara desert. Ancient Ghana was not in the same location as the present day Ghana. Instead, it was located about 400 miles northwest of the present day Ghana. Eventually, Soninke clans began to control the kingdom. The name ‘Ghana’…

    Words: 1308 - Pages: 6
  • Decision Making In The Alchemist

    The logical thinking, chance taking, and rational of Santiago and the people he encounters on his journey teaches the audience the importance of decision making. Although some decisions can turn out to be a regretful one; mainly they are for the better allowing more success in life. Some life changing for better decisions is the one Santiago makes with the gypsy women about the charge for her services along with the dispute with the crystal merchant about building the display. These are just a…

    Words: 791 - Pages: 4
  • Overgrazing Leads To Desertification Essay

    that damage done by animals is exacerbated by wind and water that carry away fertile topsoil and leave behind non-usable dust and sand. Additionally, according to the UNCCD, desertification is highly tied to poverty and global inequality. 52% of agricultural land is becoming degraded, and of the two billion people whose livelihoods depend upon ecosystems threatened by desertification, 90% live in developing countries. In Sub-Saharan African countries such as Mali, Nigeria, Chad, and Sudan,…

    Words: 1833 - Pages: 8
  • Culture And Ideology: A Comparative Analysis

    man will propose to his woman of choice. Before the proposal, the couple will usually spend a lot of time together and get to know each other. If she says yes to the proposal, they will get married soon after. If she says no to the proposal, they will not proceed with the marriage. This shows that culture is fascinating because the physical locations, social practices, and ideology are very diverse from each other. The physical locations in Africa and America are uniquely different from each…

    Words: 1394 - Pages: 6
  • Cl-36 Dating

    have δD varying from -86.5 to -81.9‰ and δ18O from -12 to -11.5‰ (Al Faitouri, 2013). Kufra Basin is bordered from the south and west by Ennedi and Tibesti mountains, respectively. Erdi and Darfur highlands are located in its southern part in Chad and Libya. Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM, Fig. 1) shows high rainfall over the highlands which increases progressively southward. Therefore, the southern part of the Kufra Basin is receiving annual recharge rate estimated at 0.87±0.64 km3…

    Words: 1077 - Pages: 4
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