RNA interference

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  • Carbon Dioxide Emissions And Global Warming

    stranded RNA).12 siRNA is a common molecule utilized in coding, decoding, and the regulation/expression of genes. siRNA will be generated using the DNA obtained by PCR.13 A MEGAscript RNAi Kit will be obtained from Applied Biosystems to transcribe DNA to siRNA. The RNAi kit will transcribe the DNA with T7 RNA polymerase to RNA.14 The additional enzymes provided in the kit will combine the single stranded RNA to form siRNA. The siRNA is essential to trigger the RNAi mechanism within the cell to down regulate UPB1 in the seedling cells. To deliver the siRNA to seedling cells, a nanosecond pulsed laser-induced stress wave will be used.15 This tool ensures efficient and safe delivery of double stranded RNA into the cells of Malus domestica without damaging the tissue. After siRNA enters the plant seedling cell, the RNAi mechanism will be initiated. RNA interference (RNAi) is a natural mechanism of intracellular immune response against foreign DNA.16 This process can be utilized for specific gene silencing. This type of post-transcriptional regulation has the ability to alter the expression of specific genes by degrading transcriptional mRNA coded by the gene. This biological response is triggered by short interfering RNA (siRNA), a type of double-stranded RNA that already acts as a resistant molecule to parasitic and disease-causing nucleic acids. In other words, RNAi is a defense response that regulates the expression of protein-coding genes.16 The process of RNA interference…

    Words: 1668 - Pages: 7
  • Biochemistry Personal Statement

    topics and understand as much as I could with my general chemistry and prior knowledge. In the presentation one of the topics that I was able to comprehend was how genomes are actually nucleotides sequences part of the content of the human genome (Xie). It was interesting to know how the eukaryotic genomes play a role in gene regulations and in genome organization and evolution. He also threw in evolution facts about the relationship between humans and chimpanzees genome sequence and how the…

    Words: 1745 - Pages: 7
  • Neoplasm Case Study

    cancer has been made evident the use in studying this circadian clock gene is quite clear and the need for a more solid grasp on its mechanism is necessary to understand a possible treatment in cancer. For this experiment we chose a knockdown experiment through RNA interference (RNAi) of the timeless gene in order to observe the phenotypic outcome in planarian when this gene is absent. This is a known procedure for disturbing the function of genes in planarian (4). We made a double stranded…

    Words: 1072 - Pages: 5
  • CRISPR-Cas9 System: A Genetic Analysis

    interact and generate a phenotype that was not expected in light of each of the gene’s effect [1]. In mammalian cells, most of the genetic interaction assays use RNA interference (RNAi) techniques [3], which is method of silencing a gene based in the degradation of specific messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules. Described initially in plants, RNA interference was also observed in most of the eukaryotic organisms, such as insects, mice, and humans.…

    Words: 1127 - Pages: 5
  • Advantages And Disadvantages Of Gene Silencing

    methods are similar in that they involve the disabling of mRNA by preventing it from being translated into a protein. They differ in the type of molecule used to disrupt mRNA. Due to these differences, each silencing method has specific advantages and disadvantages. Two of the most currently understood methods of gene silencing are RNA interference (RNAi) and antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs). In RNAi, the molecules that identify the target mRNA are called small-interfering RNAs (siRNAs).…

    Words: 2167 - Pages: 9
  • Ebola Virus

    joint pain, liver inflammation, and decreased hearing capabilities among other difficulties. Those who survive can no longer transmit the disease. Negative sense, single stranded RNA (ssRNA) constitutes the virus’s genome. It is considered to be a negative sense because the RNA cannot be directly translated into functional proteins. It must first be transcribed into mRNA, which is complementary to the ssRNA, before it can be translated. The ssRNA is contained in virions that are cylindrical or…

    Words: 2693 - Pages: 11
  • Spacer Research Papers

    in Biochemistry from Harvard University on ribozymes under the mentorship of Jack W. Szostak at Harvard University. She did her postdoctoral work with Thomas Cech at the University of Colorado, Boulder. She was promoted to Henry Ford II professor of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry at Yale in 2000. Two years later she accepted a faculty position at the University of California, Berkeley as a Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology so she would be closer to her family and the…

    Words: 1105 - Pages: 4
  • Alkaline Phosphatase Research Paper

    Alkaline phosphatase (AP) is a homodimeric enzyme complex that is commonly found in a wide range of organisms, from bacteria to all tissues of the human body. AP is a zinc metalloenzyme (1), in which metal ions play a key role in the regulation of catalytic activities and stabilization of enzyme-substrate complex. As proposed by Gettins and Coleman using NMR studies (10), each active site of AP comprises of three metal binding sites, which acknowledged as M1, M2, and M3. Two zinc ions bind to…

    Words: 764 - Pages: 4
  • Protein Structure Hypothesis

    so much behind the buildup of protein sequences. By the end of 2007, there have been forty four,272 protein structures deposited within the protein data Bank (PDB) SECONDARY STRUCTURE: Secondary structure is that the native arrangement of a polypeptide’s backbone atoms while not relevance the conformations of its aspect chains.It is a group of techniques in bioinformatics to predict the native secondary structures of proteins and RNA sequences based mostly solely on data of…

    Words: 1774 - Pages: 8
  • Cyanoethoxy Research Paper

    2-cyanoethyl carbonochloridate (S.27b ) or 1-((2-cyanoethoxy)carbonyl)-3-methyl-1H -imidazolium chloride (S.27c) (Figure X.X.X), which were synthesized by the modified procedures of Merk et al. (2000) and Wielser et al. (1996). Deproetection was accomplished under nonprotic conditions using non-nucleophilic strong base 1,8-diazabicylco [5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU). The mechanism of deprotection follows -elimination pathway. Another advantage of this protection strategy is that the deprotection of…

    Words: 1143 - Pages: 5
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