René Magritte

    Page 2 of 11 - About 109 Essays
  • Princess Elizabeth's Criticism Of Cartesian Dualism

    Princess Elizabeth questioned the ability of the two substances of Cartesian Dualism to interact, and thereby introduced the problem of causal interaction. She essentially questioned how the mind (immaterial) causally interacts with the body (material), and therefore demanded a description of the mechanisms that give the mind and the body this power . In this paper, I will argue that Princess Elizabeth’s criticism of Cartesian Dualism successfully discredits Descartes’s theory by exposing the…

    Words: 1031 - Pages: 4
  • Compare And Contrast Plato And Hume And Immortality Of The Soul

    When attempting to solve the problem concerning the immortality of the soul, both Plato and Hume must rely on analogy. Plato, being a rationalist, argues that the soul is immortal and is comparable to a form, for it is invisible and incomposite, unlike material objects. Hume, on the other hand, believes that the soul is mortal and compares souls to perishable objects such as bodies. Although neither analogy can offer any validity, Hume 's argument for the mortality of the soul is far more…

    Words: 1519 - Pages: 6
  • How Did Camille Hazard Influence The Development Of Romanticism

    Paul Gustave Marie Camille Hazard, born August 30th, the year of 1878 was a French educator, a historian of ideas, and a scholar of comparative literature. The Crisis of the European Mind, which is written by Hazard, is filled with intellectual history that gives the synopsis of the creation of Modern Europe. Hazard’s book takes a look at the transition from the old world to the new world, new developments such as science, arts, and philosophy, and how characters such as Pierre Bayle and John…

    Words: 2019 - Pages: 9
  • Descartes Ontological Argument For The Existence Of God

    The role of God in Descartes’ meditations is very significant, and I believe that he is indeed entitled to use God’s existence in this way. The purpose of this essay is to set out Descartes’ main arguments of God. Firstly, I will briefly discuss a fundamental philosophical topic – how could I have been created if there were no God? Secondly, I will assess one of Descartes’ main arguments of the roots of knowledge and God’s role with this, and finally I will speak about Descartes’ ontological…

    Words: 1490 - Pages: 6
  • Cleanthes Vs Philo

    Divine nature of the Universe is a highly controversial topic engrossing the minds of philosophers since the Antiquity up to nowadays. Mostly these controversies arise from the inconsistency of theological explanations on the nature of religion. Another topic under debates is on the subject on Human nature. In the given paper, I am going to compare Cleanthes’ and Philo’s views on Deity and reflect upon their disagreements on the inductive argumentation, and provide the explanation of deductive…

    Words: 1158 - Pages: 5
  • Rene Descarte's Argument For The Existence Of God

    Throughout the history of Philosophy the topic that is filled with the most arguments is the existence of a perfect being. Many people believe that a “perfect being” is capable of existing while others believe that the “perfect being” only exists in the form of God. Philosophy is flooded with arguments for and against the existence of God. I chose the photograph of The Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci because the picture itself is of a man who seems to be completely proportional, a man who is…

    Words: 1238 - Pages: 5
  • Rene Descartes Mind Body Dualism Essay

    Our minds and body correlate to each other and are the reason we can move and willingly do what we want. However, are our minds and body distinct? Can we even exist without a mind or without a body? Rene Descartes’ theory of “Mind-Body Dualism” discusses such philosophical questions and claims that although our mind and bodies are synced, they are not similar by way of division. Many questions remain on how “Mind-Body Dualism” works, many of which will be discussed in this paper, beginning with…

    Words: 1069 - Pages: 4
  • Rene Descartes On Personal Identity

    Personal identity refers to certain properties that make a person feel a special sense of attachment or ownership. Both philosophers John Locke and Rene Descartes had contrasting views about one’s working mind. Descartes believes that the mind cannot be identical to the body whereas Locke emphasizes that our bodies and mind are the same thing. Locke’s ideas on personal identity are primarily focused on memory, whereas Descartes is focused on the “thinking mind.” The thinking mind is our way of…

    Words: 1262 - Pages: 6
  • Substance Dualism By Rene Descartes

    Rene Descartes proposes a variant of substance dualism that maintains the equal and distinct existence of physical and mental substances. Descartes (1641) discusses that bodies are physical substances because they extend outward and occupy spatial regions while the human mind is a mental substance because it cannot extend through space (P.165). Descartes also notes fundamental differences on their activities; the human body is passive because it cannot think while the mind can handle complex…

    Words: 1558 - Pages: 7
  • Rene Descartes Clear And Distinct Perceptions

    In Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes attempts to reconcile a Christian metaphysics with a new epistemology contrary to the scholastic, Aristotelian worldview. He seeks new foundations that knowledge can be built upon and tries to accomplish this by identifying basic, indubitable axioms to derive more complex truths by. As Descartes had a background in mathematics and geometry, these tenets are proposed alike mathematical truths in that they are self-evidential. He calls these axioms…

    Words: 1169 - Pages: 5
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