Rational choice theory

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    due to our belief’s while he or she considered their actions as rational. This become important when it comes to choosing an alternative options: attend a rehabilitation center or risk incarceration for that crime. Research has proving that the threat of arrest, rather than harshness is the most important deterrent factor, and many programs that focus on rehabilitation have been unsuccessful. An individual will plan to make a choice based on his habits or after critical thinking, and then decide…

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    beliefs and behaviours. By exercising rational reasoning, humans weight up their available alternatives and act according to the best possible option. Yet, to exercise this intrinsic human feature and make rational choices, alternatives must be comparable. However, some philosophers argue that comparison is not always possible between values or bearers of values. Suppose that one (S) has to…

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    and these could turn the people into criminals or killers if they see that bad behavior is acceptable or has no consequences. This was the case with the main character in the movie Monster and two sociological theories, both have rational choice theory and differential association theory, strengths and weaknesses in how they explain the main character in the movie. The movie Monster (2003) is about a female serial killer named Aileen Wuornos, who is a prostitute, a hitchhiker and has…

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    Introduction Rational Choice Theory developed out of classical criminology, a theory developed by Cesare Beccaria (Siegel 2010: 96). Beccaria maintined that people should make their decisions based of fear of being punished, but believed in fair punishment for the crime (Siegel 2010: 96). Rational Choice Theory is a misnomer because it isn’t, in fact, a theory, but a heuristic model (de Haan & Vos 2009:30). A heuristic model can be assessed in terms of how useful it is, but cannot be proven or…

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    turn to drugs in order to cope with difficult situations or just for fun and end up becoming hooked. From a sociological perspective, drugs and drug taking can be looked at from the big picture or the larger picture rather than individual. Conflict theory focuses on society as whole that influences groups and communities. Drugs such as cocaine and heroin have a much bigger impact on human health rather than alcohol and marijuana. Addiction to drugs such, as these tend to relate back to social…

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    concepts that are touched upon that aid in explaining how this young boy evolved into a life of juvenile delinquency. The first criminological concept to be examined is Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory and his nine propositions which explain in detail how crime is learned. This theory explains that people learn to commit crime as a result of contact with anti-social values, attitudes, and criminal behavior patterns. This proves to be the most prominent concept because it explains how…

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    Caesar Beccaria’s Classical School of Criminology served as the theoretical foundation of which Ronald V. Clarke and Richard B. Cornish’s rational choice theory is derived. Cornish and Clarke developed their version of rational choice theory in the mid-1980s in order to create a method of study that would help improve crime prevention policies (Clarke and Cornish, 1986: 421-422). Beccaria believed that all individuals have free will and that all individuals are hedonistic in nature, rationally…

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    In 1908 Frank Parsons developed a simplistic matching theory whereby he matched people with jobs according to their skills and the skill requirements of employers. This was the first attempt at producing a career guidance theory. The theory is that everybody is different and that these differences can be measured. The requirements of individual jobs can be measured and the two matched up. Consequently you get the right person for the right job. Most careers software programs such as kudos and…

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    The City of Bend has great need for successful affordable housings programs. According to the 2014 Annual Renters Survey, the city has a vacancy rate of .6 percent, compared to a national vacancy rate of 4.1 percent. Similarly, housing inventory, as defined by number of listings available divided by closed listings per month, only stands at 2 months for homes valued $250,000 of less. This significant demand coupled with constrained supply has led to median house prices of $321,500, or percent…

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    A theory identified at the agency is social structure, which is used to emphasize conflict through sociology and crime. Social structure at the macro level in criminal justice focuses on the socioeconomic stratification, while on the micro scale highlights how norms shape the behaviors of the individuals in the social system. With any sort of client conflict, the social structure theory is applied to understand why the client behaved in such a way. Another theory identified is the rational…

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