Prosody

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    Name: Suad Alnababteh Assignment #4 1. Citation in APA style KANG, O., RUBIN, D., & PICKERING, L.. (2010). Suprasegmental Measures of Accentedness and Judgments of Language Learner Proficiency in Oral English. The Modern Language Journal, 94(4), 554–566. 2. What was the researcher 's purpose in conducting this study? The aim of this study was to examine oral proficiency and comprehensibility in nonnative speakers of English using suprasegmental features of accentedness. 3. What were the hypotheses/research questions? a. Would computerized analysis of the suprasegmental factors show similar results to the one that relied on subjective rating? b. What is the role of the suprasegmental factors as a unit on proficiency and comprehensibility? 4. Who were the participants? Speech samples: 26 male speech sample, who were (6) Spanish, (6) Chinese, (8) Arabic, (8) Korean. Listener group: consisted of 188 undergraduate students in a university located in the United States. 5. Describe the materials that the researcher(s) used to collect the data. The samples were collected from a section of an iBT TOEFL task, in which subjects were asked to record a 60 seconds responses to passages they read. The response should include a summery and a demonstration of the passages. 6. Describe the procedures the researcher(s) used to collect the data. The TOEFL task was conducted online and gathered as audio files. These audio files consisted of random speech samples. The…

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    about how researchers found a way to improve reading prosody and oral retell fluency. They found that many students haven’t developed reading fluency, but can read properly if they take their time. The main purpose of this study was to determine which of the three inventions was most effective at helping to improve oral retell fluency and prosody. Four English native speaking students, each of which having difficulties and at risk of reading failure. The students needed to score at or above a…

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    The poems “Porphyria’s Lover” and “The Last Duchess” written by Robert Browning explain crimes of passion through the eyes of their perpetrators. These men are the lovers to Porphyria and the Duchess, respectively, who commit similar crimes of passion. However, as Browning changes his diction and prosody from poem to poem, their differences become more clear. Moreover, Browning’s differences in diction and prosody between “Porphyria’s Lover” and “The Last Duchess” help contrast the Duchess to…

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    to emotional stimuli presented in the auditory modality. They presented adjectives and nouns that were either said with angry or neutral prosody. Similar to studies conducted in the visual domain, the amygdala was activated in response to angry prosody. Further areas of the brain that are involved in the processing of auditory stimuli, the insula and mediodorsal thamali, had a stronger response to emotional stimuli as compared to neutral stimuli. The orbitofrontal cortices also showed a stronger…

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    hierarchical structure. In music, perception of pitch is important in identifying aspects such as melodies and harmonies in a musical piece. In non-tonal languages, variations of pitch in a speech stream play a role in prosody, while in tonal languages, pitch and pitch contour are used to differentiate phonemes. To a certain extent, the fundamental frequency (a.k.a., the pitch) of an unknown speaker can aid in identification of the…

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    Students must be able to turn sounds into meaning. Rasinski breaks down fluency into components for example word accuracy, automaticity and prosody. In addition, fluency is more than just reading fast, but being able to comprehend and make meaning of words. The interview makes us sympathetic to struggling readers and shows how complex is can be to acquire fluency skills. Rasinski speaks about the different strategies, such as word games, modeling fluent reading and repeated reading, which can be…

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    Speech-Music Therapy In both the Speech Motor Learning (SML) Approach researched by van der Merwe (2011) and Speech-Music Therapy (SMT) researched by Hurkmans et al. (2015), the first stage of therapy is to focus on the articulation of individual phonemes in both of these treatments. By focusing on these individual phonemes, it simultaneously focused on the motor program and plan and both of the treatments. The SML and SMT approaches both worked on speech prosody to improve the articulations of…

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    in the amygdala only affects the recognition of fear and no other emotions. This supports the common practice of facial expression and prosody being used by practitioners in a clinical setting to communicate with individuals with DAT. The article goes on to explain that there are two divergent studies one by Allen and Brosgole that showed “recognition of happy, sad, and angry musical expressions was impaired” (Drapeau et al., 2009). While the second study by Gagon, Peretz, and Fulop found…

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    excuses come hand in hand, especially when I do not want to deal with other people. I need to overcome these things for me to be able to communicate with other people better. To overcome these, I must be honest. I must say what is on my mind, but I should be sensitive about other people’s feelings. What I say must be authentic, so that people will believe what I say, without breaking their trust that they placed on my words. I must have integrity. I should do as I say. I must love, because when…

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    Fluency And Reading Skills

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    and compared to past reading rates. To increase the reading rates of learners are given a text to read three to six times until the learner can read the passage at the rate that is set for the learners grade level. The reason Rasinski says that fluency should be an important part of the classroom is that reading fluency is center focal point of authentic reading instruction. Fluency helps the reader comprehend the text they are reading. Fluency helps the readers to connect word recognition and…

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