Presupposition

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  • Defeasibility In Pragmatics

    Defeasibility is introduced by the occurrences of a presupposition being denied. The ways they can be eliminated are through background assumptions, conversational implicatures, and certain discourse contexts Huang (2014). The usefulness of defeasibility in presuppositions is the removal of the inconsistencies of factual information (background assumptions) which will not trigger the presupposition, therefore the statement cannot lead to a contradiction. Specifically, context matters a lot, which defeasibility helps with by removing such inconsistencies. The reasoning why context matters is because given that you have background knowledge to begin with then the opposing presupposition will not trigger, leading to a more efficient way of communication and less ambiguity. Some weaknesses of defeasibility is depending on the context, extracting the presupposition from some sentences may be extremely ambiguous. Given some contexts of real-world knowledge or how some conversational implicatures get involved within a sentence, it is quite common that presuppositions are defeated and should be. Beaver (2001) states that some authors such as Kempson and Wilson highly prefer defeasibility or…

    Words: 903 - Pages: 4
  • Presupposition Failure

    In addition, the last property to look over is the projection problem. Soames (1979) suggests that two theorists of the name Terence Langendoen and Harris Savin, which came to the conclusion that there was an issue with how to calculate or predict presuppositions within a complex sentence. As such this is illustrated by Landman (1981) of the fact that smaller or simpler sentences contain a presupposition.With a complex sentence containing that simpler sentence,that simpler sentence becomes “a…

    Words: 1758 - Pages: 8
  • Presupposition In The Godfather

    A movie entitled The Godfather is chosen as object in this analysis. Don Corleone as one of main character chosen as source data. Regarding utterance from Don Corleone this movie presents a numbered of presupposition in various context. Then relation between presupposition and context obtains a certain meaning of an utterance. As considering, statement from Stalnaker who said that context influences content, while content can creates a context because sometimes word that say has a function not…

    Words: 1229 - Pages: 5
  • Examples Of Presuppositions

    one’s own experience will automatically change. NLP approach is that anything one can do is learnable. Hence, performance can be modelled and transferred. NLP can be applied in a vast amount of areas such as personal development, sales, coaching, leadership, health, and sports, just to name a few. In this report, we will examine two concepts of NLP, Presuppositions and Rapport Building, and provide some examples of their applications in our life. NLP has a number of principles, known as…

    Words: 1461 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of Aquinas Presupposition Of Free Will

    greater than limited power Unlike Augustine, who postulated divine illumination as the key to understanding religious truths, Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) argued that basic religious truths could be proven through reason alone. Such proof relied on a new style of philosophy distinct from that of the earlier philosophers of the middle ages. It became known as scholasticism, defined by a less contemplative, prayer-like manner of writing, and an emphasis on posing precise questions, critical analysis…

    Words: 882 - Pages: 4
  • Don Corlee

    11 and 12 is represented in one dialogue of Don Corleone. The Dialogue was in funeral parlor of Bonasera, when he ask Bonasera to give treatment to Sony’s wounds in order to Sony have better look before his funeral ceremony. Presuppositions that can be derived from part of the data 11 is from utterance ‘I want you to use all your powers and all your skills’. The writer found a possessive construction in the utterance which is indicates as existential presupposition type. Phrase such, ‘your…

    Words: 1546 - Pages: 7
  • Don Corlee's Conversation On Solozzo

    intended meaning, Presuppositions that can be derived from part of the dialogue are: 1. Don Corleone known person called Solozzo 2. Solozzo was his threat or dangerous person. From the first presupposition on this data it include on existential proposition. It shows that Don Corleone knows and realizes the existence of Solozzo. While the second one triggered by word ‘worried’ include on type of lexical presupposition. Those presuppositions formed a context or in another word the chosen word…

    Words: 1043 - Pages: 5
  • Inductivism: Paradigm Of Science

    Methodological naturalism is not a suitable paradigm for science, because science is used to explain why things are the way they are. If one excludes a particular possibility of explanation, just for the sake of common ground or because they don 't believe in that possibility, then they 're not keeping an open mind, which is an important part of finding explanations. No one discovers the truth with a closed mind. Long Answer There are five necessary presuppositions of science. Each one is…

    Words: 769 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of Herbert Paul Korta's Implicature?

    It will be analysed on the basic of designing statements. First of all, when the speaker wants to make a sentence, he has to take into consideration the fact whether the hearer knows e.g. a person or a thing that he would like to talk about. The speaker assumes that the hearer will be able to understand utterance. Sometimes assumptions are wrong but in most cases they are appropriate. Presupposition is described as those things, that the writer or speaker assumes as known by the reader or…

    Words: 980 - Pages: 4
  • World History And Philosophy

    workings of philosophy. I also came to the realization, that one does not need to be a philosopher to have a philosophy. Every person has a worldview that shapes who he is and makes him unique. Therefore, every person has his own philosophy. However, there have been many philosophies by great men throughout history, whose ideas helped to shape and drive the beliefs, actions and advancement of society. From examining their work, I have come to a much better understanding of what my own…

    Words: 2527 - Pages: 11
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