Positive organizational behavior

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  • Positive Psychology: A Case Study

    Defined as "the science of positive subjective experience, positive individual traits, and positive institutions" (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000, p. 5), positive psychology 's focus is on human thriving and flourishing versus ameliorating pathologies. Positive psychology places a strong emphasis on the significance of goals in human functioning. Not all goals are created equal, however. Research shows that goal orientation—how an individual thinks about and communicates goals—has important consequences on an individual 's life outcomes (Emmons, 2003). Specifically, the extent to which individuals are pursuing approach goals (pursuing positive, desirable outcomes) versus avoidance goals (avoiding negative, undesirable outcomes) appears to have a significant impact on subjective well-being and outcomes (Emmons, 2003). For instance, individuals who strive mostly toward avoidance goals are less likely to attain them, accompanied with an even greater sense of pressure to actually achieve those goals (Emmons,…

    Words: 1135 - Pages: 5
  • Improving Negative Student Behavior Analysis

    Anyone who has ever worked in the school system has probably heard a complaint or two about students’ disruptive behavior. These behaviors interrupt the educational process not only for the students displaying them, but for those around them. The topic of this paper is an article by Lola Vollaire-Thomas, Jamilah Hicks, and Roslin Growe (2011) called “Solution-Focused Brief Therapy: An Interventional Approach to Improving Negative Student Behaviors”. The authors of this article discuss a…

    Words: 892 - Pages: 4
  • Ap Psychology Chapter 1 Summary

    “science of mental life” then led to “the scientific study of observable behavior.” After that their focus changed to the growth potential of healthy people. Soon after the cognitive revolution helped psychology find its way back to its early interest which was the study of mental processes. Now psychology is defined as the science of behavior and mental processes. 2. Define behaviorism. Answer: study (1) objective science (2) behavior excluding reference to mental processes. Most…

    Words: 567 - Pages: 3
  • Health Promotion Strategies To Achieve A Healthy Community

    The basic level of health promotion is the individual level. All other levels of promoting community health such as social, organizational, and national are founded on individuals. Thus, influencing the behavior of an individual is the most effective approach to achieve a healthy community. In addition, most health care employees spend much time and effort interacting with individuals, such as education and counseling, hence, they are well positioned to influence individual health behaviors in a…

    Words: 881 - Pages: 4
  • Progressive Discipline Approach

    evaluation to an employee’s termination is crucial in a company’s discipline. The most affected by the discipline system is the problem workers. Problematic issues include, but are not limited to absenteeism, tardiness, insubordination, bullying, and workplace violence. Adverse effects usually stem from the manager’s reluctance to implement disciplinary measures which may include termination. Therefore, an effective discipline should be aimed at the problem behaviors which requires training…

    Words: 871 - Pages: 4
  • Task Facilitation Groups Essay

    accomplishment of identified work goals as well as to apply group dynamics processes and principles that are necessary for improving practice. Skills may be developed by the task group specialist such as training, organizational assessment training, consultation, program development and program evaluation. Psychoeducational group use a structured set of procedures within and across group meetings to focus on developing group members affective, behavioral, and cognitive skills. Specialists in…

    Words: 420 - Pages: 2
  • Summary: The Cult Of Personality

    And sometimes extremally conscientious persons can perform worse then those with lover level of conscientiousness. Study of Judge & LePine, (2007) indicate that extraversion tend to increase levels of impulsive or risk-seeking behaviors, what may result in increased accident and absenteeism. Personality tests may violate the privacy of applicants and discriminate against certain types of applicants. For example, tests can identify candidate with some mental illness such depression, and eliminate…

    Words: 1202 - Pages: 5
  • Cognitive Psychology: The Division Of Human Behavior

    Introduction John B. Watson described psychology as “that division of Natural Science which takes human behavior—the doings and sayings, both learned and unlearned—as its subject matter”. Early behaviorists inferred that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning, and until today, behaviorists believe that humans’ actions are shaped by responses to environmental stimuli. However, in 1959, Noam Chomsky’s critical review of B. F. Skinner’s Verbal Behavior helped spark the “cognitive…

    Words: 2120 - Pages: 9
  • Self-Efficacy Theory In Nursing

    Study Findings and its Implications Lorig, Ritter, Villa, and Arnas (2010) conducted a randomized longitudinal study to understand the effectiveness of a community-based diabetes self-management program on health status such as hemoglobin A1C, weight, depression, fatigue, self-related health, frequency of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia symptoms; self-management behaviors; and self-efficacy. The study revealed that there was statistically significant improvement in depression, symptoms of…

    Words: 1570 - Pages: 7
  • Jean Watson Behaviorism

    observable, and implicit, occur inside the body. In Watson’s behavioral psychology behavior one looks at the whole organism and how it interacts in its environment. His view was an effort to make a science without subjective ideas, and have a science as objective as physics (Schultz, 1969). Watson started this research with little Albert, and observed emotional response…

    Words: 1761 - Pages: 8
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