Pope Urban II

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    Hungary; essentially Western Europe (Crusades Map). In the Catholic Kingdoms, the Pope had control of all church affairs, and the priest had control over a single church (Ellis 217-218). During the late 12th century, the Holy Father was Pope Urban II. Pope Urban II was a Catholic Christian and was in charge of all Catholic Church affairs (“The Crusades”). The Byzantine Empire had branched off from Rome in 330 AD, and the Byzantine Empire followed a different branch…

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    people often associate Christianity as a pacifist religion, but this is not entirely accurate as seen in the crusades in the Middle Ages where Pope Urban II sent men to help the Byzantine’s fight off the advancing Seljuk Turks. Although Christianity and Islam have many fundamentally different…

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    The Significance of the Calling of the First Crusade The significance of the calling of the First Crusade by Pope Urban II is the fall of Jerusalem, which happened directly, as well as the fall of Constantinople and the Crusades that followed. The First Crusade lasted three years and resulted in the fall of Jerusalem. The Second and Third Crusade lasted two and five years respectively. The Fourth Crusade last two years and resulted in the fall of the city of Constantinople. The Fifth…

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    Pope Urban II

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    end of the 11th century, Western Europe had emerged as a significant power, causing a considerable amount of territory loss for the Byzantine Empire. After years of destruction and chaos from the civil war between the Seljuk Turks, General Alexius Comnenus sent envoys to Pope Urban II pleading for help to confront the Turkish threat. Little did he know that his cry for help would casue one of the biggest power struggles in history. Religious confliction, Pope Urban II, and the fight for the Holy…

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    Analysis Of Pope Urban II

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    Pope Urban II has ordered a call to arms! In response to Byzantine Emperor Alexis Comnenus’ plead for European assistance against the threat of Islamic Seljuk Turk invasions in Palestine. Pope Urban II has pressed the whole Roman Catholic Church during the recent church council in Clermont, France to take up arms against the Muslim invaders. As he spoke to the large crowd he recalled the horrible atrocities that have been inflicted on fellow Christians at the hands of these Muslim invaders. He…

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    Another approach that Urban II used in his speech at the Council of Clermont to compel them to join the crusade, was to tell them that they would receive forgiveness of sins by the power invested in him, as pope. “Wear his cross as your badge. If you are killed your sins will be pardoned” (The First Crusade). Pope Urban II believed that he had the power, given to him by God, to forgive sins. There were Christians who realized that they were sinners, and that by fighting in the Crusade, they…

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    Pope Urban II Council of Clermont 1095-9 Pope Urban II was in France, his native land, when he called the first crusade in the closing of the Council of Clermont 1095 on the 27th of November . It is a rare occasion when the pope leaves Italy, so this was a momentous time in itself already. Pope Urban II sanctioned the crusade because he had received a letter from Alexios I Komnenos whom is the Byzantine emperor from the Eastern Christendom pleading for help because the Turks were advancing…

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    We are taught history in the hopes that we will be able to avoid the mistakes of past, however, it seems that history continues to repeat itself. However, it seems that history often finds a way to repeat itself, even during the present day. We have come a long way from the time of Pope Urban II but the problems we face are still similar in essence. Although the Crusades were fought over eight hundred years ago some of the same problems still exist today. Both today and during the Middle…

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    quickly defeated them. This ended Muslim resistance to the Crusaders for the time (“Jerusalem Captured in First Crusade”). The news of this miraculous event started to spread from Jerusalem all the way back to Europe. Now that the Crusaders took back their holy lands, Christians could go on their journeys of faith and have no fears of death. Sadly, the news never made it back to Pope Urban II. Urban passed away in 1099, only two weeks after the capture of Jerusalem (“Pope Urban II Orders First…

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    The speech at the Council of Clermont by pope Urban II was the defining moment in Crusades ideology, creating the foundation for the first large scale Crusades to take place. With the newly found five accounts of the Council I’ll try to paint an accurate picture as possible of what exactly occurred. There is no official transcript from pope Urban II; instead these documents provide first hand accounts of what occurred. Whether they are reliable or not is another matter. Since each document…

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