Polysaccharide

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    the most important source of community- and hospital-acquired attacks are mostly ESBL manufacturers (7). A variety of ESBLs have been revealed in Enterobacteriaceae, being mostly of the CTX-M-, TEM- and SHV-types(8). Production of these enzymes in medically significant Enterobacteriaceae symbolizes an increasing issue causing in higher individual deaths and death rate (9). Formation and development of biofilm by bacteria is significant stage in the pathogenesis of Klebsiella, and it is relatively typical trend among many pathogenic microorganisms which is development based on many scientific, chemical and physical aspects, biofilm consists of polysaccharides, necessary protein, DNA, surfactants, fats, glycolipids, membrane part vesicles and ions such as Ca2+ , the main compound that accountable for intercellular bond is polysaccharide intercellular bond (PIA) which conceder as essential virulence aspects (10). The ability of harmful bacteria to form biofilms, a sessile method of development basically associated with the anti-microbial level of resistance and recalcitrant disease, is a current subject of interest as it may represent a virulence aspect in individual attacks (11). Bacteria within biofilms are basically more safe from anti-microbial providers than planktonic cells. Antimicrobial levels sufficient to inactivate planktonic creatures are generally insufficient to inactivate biofilm creatures. Anti-biotic level of resistance can increase 1000 flip (12). Biofilm…

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    Macromolecules Conclusion

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    Identifying Unknown #1103 Purpose: There are four naturally occurring organic macromolecules essential to all living organisms. These organic macromolecules which are essential to all life are carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.. These four organic macromolecules provide all cells with structure, create and store energy, and can be hormones, immune substances and genetic material. A macromolecule, or polymer, is a large complex molecule built from smaller molecules, or…

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    To answer the question, it is first necessary to understand what a polysaccharide is and what hydrolysis is. The four "building blocks of life" is a commonly used phrase that refers to four kinds of small molecules that are essential in the creation and formation of larger macromolecules that exist in every living organism. These four molecules consist of simple sugars, fatty acids, amino acids, and nucleotides. "Poly-" means "many", and "saccharide" means "sugar," so as the name suggests, a…

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    The purpose of this experiment is to detect the presence of saccharides in different samples through the use of Benedicts reagent and Lugol’s solution. Monosaccharides have a double bonded oxygen atom that forms in one of its two possible chemical groups known as ketone or aldehyde. Disaccharides are two monosaccharides joined together by a glycosidic bond. The Benedicts reagent reacts with the double bonded oxygen atom in monosaccharides by reducing the copper sulfate found in the reagent.…

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    Carbohydrates Lab

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    They are monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. Monosaccharides are the simplest units of carbohydrates and a simple carbohydrate. They are the building block of more complex of carbohydrates such as disaccharides and polysaccharides. According to orthomolecular.org, monosaccharides are colorless; they can dissolve in water and have crystal like appearance (orthmolecular.org). Disaccharides are made up of two monosaccharide units linked through glycosidic bond. Polysaccharides are…

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    Macromolecules

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    Identifying the Presence of Macromolecules Using Benedict’s, Biuret’s, Sudan III, and Lugol’s Solution Betty Ngo Introduction Macromolecules are the critically important large molecules that fall into four main classes: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Macromolecules are polymers which are built up by monomers. Monomers become polymers from the process dehydration reaction and polymers are broken apart by the process hydrolysis. Macromolecules are critically important…

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    In these studies, polysaccharides were firstly isolated from apple pomace and subject to sequential enzymatic hydrolysis or fermentation37-40. The resulting oligosaccharides include glucooligosaccharides, xylooligosaccharides, arabinooligosaccharides, and oligogalacturonides. Another possible mean to generate oligosaccharides in apple pomace is through a process called “Pomace liquefaction”. After the apple mash was pressed for the premium juices, the pomace is mixed with hot water and…

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    Iodine Test Lab Report

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    The experiment was conducted in order to discover the type of carbohydrate that made up the known and unknown solutions presented in the lab. After heating the monosaccharide solution containing the Benedict’s test, the change of color from blue to orange proved that monosaccharides showed a positive reaction to the test. When an Iodine test was conducted on the monosaccharide solution, the carbohydrate resulted in no color change from its original yellow/brown color, showing a negative…

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    Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron It is a common belief that all bacteria is harmful and bad for humans. This thought could not be further from the truth. Without many different types of bacteria, humans would not be able to live. There are millions of different types of bacteria found in and on the human body that are imperative to life. One of such organisms is Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (B. thetaiotaomicron) is a gram-negative obligate anaerobe that is found in…

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    Low Carbohydrate Diets

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    sugars not only provide energy, but they protect the body against diseases. In lecture, we discussed and observed pictures of fructose, being a hexose monosaccharide. On the other hand, refined sugars are normally processed food products such as sugar cane (Cancercenter). It is typically found as the disaccharide sucrose, which is a combination of glucose and fructose. These extracted sugars are added to foods such as cookies, cake and soda. Cookies, cake and soda are examples of foods that…

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