Poaceae

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  • Cereal And Caryopses

    Cereal is a name derived from the Roman goddess, Ceres, meaning “to create” (Brown, 2015). The word cereal refers to all types of grains. Gramineae, are cereal grain seeds relative to the grass family. The grain kernel, or berry, is called the caryopsis; which is the edible part of the plant. Caryopses are individual kernels or grains found in all grasses (Brown, 2015). Each caryopsis contains a husk, bran, endosperm, and germ. A husk, also known as the chaff, is the protective outer layer of a grain. It protects the grain from environmental damages like frost, rain, wind, insects, and extreme temperatures. Husk are usually not consumed, but they can be processed into fiber supplements (Brown, 2015). Known for its rich fiber source, bran makes up about 15% of the grain. Bran is the hard outside layer that protects the grains’ soft endosperm (Brown, 2015). Making up about 83% of the grain, is the endosperm. The endosperm contains all the grains’ starch and it is the foundation of all flours. Refine flours is made by removing the husk, bran, and germ from the endosperm; then, it is milled into a powder. For whole grain flour, the bran and germ are milled into the flour. Last, the germ, or the embryo, accounts for only 2.5% of the grain. It is found at the base of the kernel. The germ is rich in fat and contains vitamins, minerals, and incomplete proteins (Brown, 2015). In ancient times the caryopsis seeds were regarded as “the staff of life.” Archaeological evidence shows…

    Words: 967 - Pages: 4
  • Mow A Lawn Essay

    How do you mow a lawn? Anyone new can experience that mowing your lawn is more than just getting a lawn mower and cutting a patch a grass. They are multiple ways to mow a lawn and where you live is going to be a big factor on how you mow your lawn. Mowing your lawn is crucial and with these steps you will be able to tell when to mow your lawn, what tips you should know and what equipment you will need. Knowing how to tell and when to mow your lawn is key to this simple but yet essential task.…

    Words: 779 - Pages: 4
  • Symbolism Symbols In Macbeth

    Symbol Example from story Importance Act 1: Nature “Look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under it.”- Lady Macbeth (Act 1 scene 5 line 72-73) “The air nimbly and sweetly recommends itself unto our gentle sense.” - King Duncan (Act 1, Scene 6, Line 1-2) “... heaven’s breath smells wooingly here.” - Banquo (Act 1, Scene 6, Line 6-7) All of these lines compare Macbeth to something in nature. Lady Macbeth’s line says that Macbeth needs to look like a flower but really be a snake deep…

    Words: 1269 - Pages: 6
  • Lawns In Virginia Case Study

    Lawn Fertilization in Virginia – Summery Publication number 430-011. This article available as PDF format as well as web base information. Specifically Virginia soil and environmental conditions. The objective of this bulletin to provide effective fertilization to laws in an environmentally sound manner. The bulletin has following main topics 1. Selecting a fertilizer 2. Season of Application - When to apply 3. Factors Affecting Nutrient Management 4. How Much Fertilizer to Apply Per 1000…

    Words: 872 - Pages: 4
  • Elephant Grass Essay

    Natural pastures are the main sources of feed for ruminants, and form the major feed component of domesticated livestock in Ghana. However, unfavorable rainfall pattern, uneven seasonal growth and unavailability of pasture during certain times of the year have been considered the major limitations to constant supply of forage for ruminants. There are two seasons in Ghana, the dry and wet season. Forages are normally abundant in the wet season but this is in reverse to the dry season. These…

    Words: 859 - Pages: 4
  • Fungal Entomogenesis Of Chitin

    chitinases are endochitinases, which cut randomly inside the polymer where exochitinases cut at the non-reducing end of the chitin chain (Kasprzewska 2003). Many plant exochitinases also have lysozyme activity, hydrolyzing the β-1,4 linkages between N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylmuramic acid residues in peptidoglycan of bacteria (Collinge et al. 2008). Arguably, whether such bifunctional enzymes are classified as lysozyme or chitinase depends on the ratio of lysozyme to chitinase activity…

    Words: 959 - Pages: 4
  • The Importance Of Sugarcane

    Sugarcane (Saccharumofficinarum L.) is one of the most important mono cotyledon crop crops widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions which belongs to the family of Poaceae. It is an octaploid crop with a chromosome number of 2n = 8x = 80. Being highly cross-pollinated in nature, this crop requires specific, hot and humid climate for flowering (Gill et al., 2006). The sugar from the sugarcane accounts for about 70% of the worlds’ total sugar production (Comstock and Miller 2004) the…

    Words: 884 - Pages: 4
  • Barley Factory History

    Isaac notch Small Isaac tiny flowers, the kernel. The deep soil in the roots of barley 6-7 over the depth of the (1.8-2.1 ft) A fertile soil or light barley many of the same type in the soil of the soil, and heavy clay soil to endure occur, but could not bear the soil mixed with water and. Open the barley, for to make it. With a half-arid and resistant plants are important between the series Service grows in the soil is ph 5-8.3. Glaciation exists in a cool, dry place. The kingdom of barley…

    Words: 1113 - Pages: 5
  • Pratinidhi Case Study

    Fabaceae Seeds, Seed oil Cassia tora Caesalpiniaceae Fruit 15 Berberis aristata Berberidaceae Stem-Bark Curcuma longa Zingeberaceae Rhizome 16 Clerodendrum serratum Verbenaceae Roots Abies webbiana Pinaceae Leaves 17 Garcinia pedunculata Guttiferae/Clusiaceae Fruit Rumex vesicarius Polygonaceae Leaves 18 Vitis vinifera Vitaceae Fruit Gmelina arborea Verbinaceae Fruit 19 Piper cubeba Piperaceae Fruit Cyperus rotundus Cyperaceae Tubers 20 Crocus sativus Iridaceae Stamen/Stigma Carthamus tinctorius…

    Words: 1071 - Pages: 5
  • Island Biogeography Analysis

    habitat. Figure 2A shows a general relationship between the amount of habitat fragmentation and the number of species. For example splitting up a habitat in to a large number of small areas would significantly reduce the amount of species living, the smaller the habitat the more devastating the effects (Hanski 2015). Biogeography applications in plant species: An article by Dixon et al. (2014) mapped the world grassland types to create a map to show the distribution of grasses that could be…

    Words: 1638 - Pages: 7
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