Periventricular leukomalacia

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  • CVI: Characteristics Of Vision In Children

    This hypoxia causes periventricular white matter damage, in most cases periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), which affects the white matter around the lateral ventricles; children with these impairments tend to have visual impairments as well as functional motor impairment of the upper limbs (Fazzi et al., 2004). In addition, viral and bacterial infections (including meningitis), head injury and trauma, and other brain malformations are all uncommon, but possible, causes of CVI (Good et al., 1994). Abnormal prenatal factors are the biggest risk factor in developing childhood CVI (van Genderen et al.,…

    Words: 1752 - Pages: 7
  • Cerebral Palsy

    Magnetic resonance imaging and head computer tomography have been used to determine how cerebral palsy damages parts of the brain. One type of damage caused by cerebral palsy is periventricular leukomalacia which is damage to the white matter of the brain that results in the posterior body of the corpus callosum thinning, the lateral ventricles becoming larger, and the lateral ventricular walls becoming irregular (Straub & Obrzut 2009). A second type of damage is bleeding of the brain caused…

    Words: 1022 - Pages: 4
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