Perestroika

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    Perestroika Reform Essay

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    However, perestroika did not occur without consequences. The privatization movement of the perestroika reform allowed for the formation of a new class the oligarchs. The lack of legal safeguards of privatization allowed the mafia, which had the financial means and the political connections, to gain ownership and control over key industries of the Russian economy. “The problem is the economic liberalization in Russia, even in the narrowest sense of legalizing private business activity, is far from complete. Under the practical conditions that prevail, it still remains virtually impossible for a Russian entrepreneur to operate entirely within the law.” (Leitzel, Gaddy and Alexeev). But some of the illegal activity of organized crime has proven…

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    at effecting change, especially by reviving the economy of the Union, liberalizing the political system, ending the war in Afghanistan, and improving relations with the West (“Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich”). Nonetheless, the most significant impact his policies had was the democratization of the Union. In particular, following the policy of “perestroika” (restructuring), he persuaded the Nineteenth Party Conference of the Communist Party in 1988 to permit competitive elections for the Union’s…

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    In 1985, Gorbachev adopted the role as the General Secretary of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev brought liberal ideas to his leadership suggesting ideas of openness, and he contradicted previous rulers as he truly saw himself as a public servant to the people. Balancing between traditionalism and reformism, he aimed to gain support from the majority of the people by creating ambiguous political symbols that could easily be generalized (Breslauer 2002, 50). Gorbachev’s approach to transform the…

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    By 1989, a dozen major issues existed that led President Gorbachev to introduce the reforms of perestroika and glasnost. These reforms failed, and within a few years, the entire Soviet Union broke apart into various nations across Eurasia. In some circles, the Soviet collapse was blamed on Gorbachev’s poor and hesitant leadership. Despite Gorbachev’s leadership being a contributing factor, several other significant issues remained. To supplement the readings, we played a political game to…

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    economy. In 1990, the Nobel Committee presented A Nobel Peace Prize to Gorbachev. He received this award for ending the Cold War so peacefully. He opened up so many ways to fix the world's problems through his role in the peace process.He brought openness to society which helped to create international trust. Mikhail Gorbachev's biggest accomplishment was ending the Cold War. He ended this war by “Shedding the Iron Curtain”. This means the barrier that blocks the exchange of information and…

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    These foreign policies and this agreement is said to have actually ended the Cold War. Perestroika is said to be the political and economic reconstruction made to the communist party that was enforced because of the agreement made between Reagan and Gorbachev. While Perestroika dealt with more of the Soviet Union’s Political Problems Glasnost dealt with more of the Soviet Union’s Social and Economic problems. Glasnost was mainly supposed to give more rights and freedoms to the Soviet people. But…

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    The Khrushchev Era

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    In 1985, the Soviet Union had been in a period of stagnation for almost two decades, and before that it had gone through poorly planned reforms in the Khrushchev era. Once Brezhnev had his time in leadership, the country needed to make some drastic changes. By 1985, the USSR had fallen in culture and overall quality of life, the economy was in intense disrepair, and the Communist Party leadership had become ineffective. Gorbachev’s reforms, including perestroika and glasnost, were the major…

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    The Influence of Gorbachev and Reagan on the Fall of Communism and the End of the Cold War The collapse of the Soviet empire in 1991 was a complex historical event, influenced by multiple leaders and movements. This essay will look at the influences of the Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev and the American president Ronald Reagan. The importance and influence of the two on the fall of Communism is still a debated topic. A short overview of the ideas that academics have about the duo will be…

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    decisiveness”(p. 166). Gorbachev presented two sets of policies and truly believed they would help the Soviet Union become a more prosperous and sustainable country. The first policy formed was the glasnost. Glasnost is a practice to allow more of an open policy government where information is shared. “Glasnost enabled the people of the Soviet Union to lay claim to the public sphere after seven decades of exile from it”. “Democratization was to be a political weapon in his battle of the…

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    Within decades the Soviet slowly started to fall, with Regan we saw the massive military buildup, basically outspend your enemy. Focusing mostly on the allocation of resources and economic managing sections of the fall. Soviet Union agriculture was not entirely horrible, on theory it made sense. A whole collective, farm that unifies smaller plots of land, to one has a whole. This allows the use of a tractor to be used effectively, while in the contrary to the US farmer that used the capital…

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