Peloponnesian War

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  • How Did Athens Change Athenian Government

    Sparta after the Peloponnesian War to a radical democracy. The radical democracy was successful and remained the shape of the Athenian government for around a hundred years. Athenians went through many government structures on their trip to democracy. They started with a king in the 700s BCE, then switched to an oligarchy, then Solon came to power and made democratic reforms and finally Cleisthenes came to power. Cleisthenes transformed…

    Words: 584 - Pages: 3
  • Violence In Plato's Republic, And Sophocles Antigone

    they won’t be opposed so they can act self-interestedly. Thrasymachus, in Thucydides’ accounts on the Peloponnesian war explains this point of view best by stating, “Justice is nothing other the advantage of the stronger.” (Plato pg. 14). Although violence places fear in your enemies or subordinates, it leads to dismal consequences. The characters of Thucydides accounts on the Peloponnesian war, Plato’s Republic, and Sophocles Antigone demonstrate the use of force to ensure one’s position of…

    Words: 1259 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of Athenian Democracy

    To students just embarking on the study of Greek history and historians alike, It might seem absurd to pose the question of whether the great city of Athens was the leading promoter of democracy in the rest of the Greek city-states during the 4th and 5th centuries. After all, the majority of personal accounts of Greece in that period allege that the Athenian empire was the first to advocate for the establishment of democracy. However, we find little to no concrete confirmation of this widely…

    Words: 1006 - Pages: 4
  • Greek Federalism Analysis

    As the Greek people began to experiment with new political organization after the end of the Peloponnesian War, a type of federalism emerged that united groups of Greek settlements in several geographic areas including Messenia, Boeotia, and Thessaly. These federations, along with the remaining independent poleis and the rest of Greece, soon encountered a new issue resulting from the rise of Philip of Macedon to the north. While federalism was certainly a civilizational advancement for the…

    Words: 718 - Pages: 3
  • Cyrus The Great Conquerors

    more motivated compared to the Persians because if they lost, they would lose their independence as well. Although they were still one of the biggest nations of the time, the Persian Empire slowly lost their power and influence after the Greco-Persian war. After their defeat, the Persians were unable to expand their nation any further. They were not able to conquer Greece and weren’t even allowed to continue ruling Ionia and the Aegean…

    Words: 1229 - Pages: 5
  • Justice And Injustice In Thucydides The Republic

    Thucydides offers a comprehensive analysis of the formation of early Greek cities during ancient times in the Peloponnesian War. His depiction portrays early Greeks as barbaric and simplistic freeloaders, who often pillaged each other to fulfill their own callow self-interest. According to Thucydides, they came together to develop cities out of a desire for safety without the turbulence of conflict. In The Republic, Glaucon paints a similar vision of politics in his speech to Socrates about the…

    Words: 2067 - Pages: 9
  • Xerxes Invade Greek History

    He did this by showing the differences between the Persian and Greek soldiers and their mindsets during the Persian War. Herodotus wrote this narrative after the Persian War was over and during the early years of the Peloponnesian War which was around 431 B.C.E. Herodotus believed that the Greeks were upon a new glorious age and believed it was due to their success in the Persian War and the creation of the poleis which promoted the “free society” concept. This narrative was targeted towards…

    Words: 1046 - Pages: 5
  • Pericles Speech Themes

    that this is a speech that is being made at a funeral in honor of the first Athenian soldiers to fall during the Peloponnesian war. Also, the greatness of Athens is referenced through out the entire passage. By instilling pride and ownership for Athens to the people listening there is a sense of recruitment for the country 's military. Getting the audience to turn from the despair of war at their front door and focus on how they themselves can fight to keep the freedoms of Athens. Pericles was…

    Words: 2221 - Pages: 9
  • Women In Lysistrata

    it upon themselves to end the Peloponnesian War. Lead by the titular character Lysistrata, women from both sides of the war agree to abstain from having sexual relations with their husbands to have the men cease fighting. In the end men from both sides, in obvious and extreme sexual frustration, agree to end the war and return home with their wives. Although Lysistrata is a comedic play, it was written in a time of deep-conflict and offers an insight on how the long war affected both sexes.…

    Words: 819 - Pages: 4
  • Pericles Funeral Oration

    The ending of the first year in the Peloponnesian War sparked one of ancient Greece’s greatest works, Pericles’s funeral oration. It was written in tribute to the deceased soldiers as encouragement for their families; however, the underlying message is more politically-centered as well as praises for Athens. While he had decent military tactics, he was opinionated, which shows through in his famous speech. Based on Pericles’s opinions about use of wealth, class equality, and gender distinction…

    Words: 942 - Pages: 4
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