Modern peat soil research focus on peat soil improvement using chemical stabilization since 19th century. The stabilizer that can be used for the peat soil chemical stabilization have increased in varieties. Ordinary Portland cement and lime are two of the most common peat soil stabilizer found. However, due to the scarcity of the natural resources, substitution for the peat soil stabilization study was done in recent. In this context, few of the researches that related to the peat soil basic characteristics and peat chemical stabilization will be reviewed.
2.2 Peat soil background and behaviour
Peat soil is a mix of incomplete decomposition of organic materials under waterlogged catchment land.
While harvesting peat soil for plants, you come upon a body. The body looks like it could have happened a month ago. You question yourself, is this a recent murder scene? However, it is a murder from thousands of years ago. Bog mummies are people that were accidentally mummified many years ago. They were people that were usually violently killed in sacrifice and thrown into a bog. They believed that bogs were a connection to the gods. The bog mummies were wonderfully preserved people,…
Nowadays, forest performs a significant role our daily life. One of them is peat land forest. Peat land can be found in almost every country in the world. In Southeast Asia there are 27 million hectares of peat lands, of which 83% is located in Indonesia (Wetlands International, 2014). According to Wetlands International, (2014, p. 1) “Peat land is wetlands with a thick organic soil layer (peat) made up from dead and decaying plant material”. However, despite the fact that peat land has an…
areas are likely to be susceptible to erosion and potential landslip, resulting in raised silt levels in water bodies which can have an impact on aquatic species while deposition of material can affect vegetation. (SNH, 2011)
2.5.3 Peat Instability and Landslide Impacts
Peat instability, either naturally or caused by human activity, can have a major impact on peatlands integrity. Assessing the likely impacts is extremely important for several reasons, not least that the hydrology of the…
Amorphous peat is a type of peat where its moisture content is constantly high which is more than 200% based on a case study by Kazemian et al., 2011. According to Huat, 2004, amorphous peat is also highly humified where any plant components in the peat itself is very indistinct or invisible with its colour of being more to of a darker side of a brown colour. This type of peat has high to medium composition of organic matter where, it’s fiber content is less than 33% (Huat,…
Restoring Peat Lands with Community Development Approach to Minimize Transboundary Haze Pollution (THP)
After sixteen years from 1997 followed by 2005 crises, now Transboundary Haze Pollution (THP) crisis turns to annual. The latest haze in June 2013 named as the most terrible trans-boundary haze pollution blanked Singapore air in history (Onn 2013). Haze turns into hazardous status as Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) reached 400 (BBC 2013). PSI is an index to show day-to-day…
spores on the compost and gently mix the spores into the soil.
Let it sit for a few weeks until you notice a white film on the surface. The white film is a clear indication that your spores are indeed growing.
4. Apply a moist peat. Sprinkle a one-inch layer of moistened peat moss evenly on the surface of the compost. Place a newspaper over the peat moss and use a distilled water to spray it daily. Spray at least twice a day for 10 days.
Remove the newspaper after 10 days. Continue to spray…
Wetlands can also act as pathways for invasive species to travel from different habitat types. Examples of wetland invasive species in Ireland include zebra mussels, American mink, Canadian waterweed, Japanese knotweed, giant rhubarb and giant hogweed.
Pollution poisons the environment, it can kill wildlife and cause illness. Pollution can be caused by: sewage entering rivers, run-off from roads, agriculture and industrial sites, illegal dumping, pouring chemical waste down drains.…
After having studied its digestive system the food contained in its stomach was found to be consisting of plants from Northern or Alpine habitants.
When scientists were doing their research they discovered that the fossils found in the North are obviously from the flood and they indicate a different climate than that which was experienced by the mammoths.
The remains of the mammoths which were discovered exist in the peat bogs that are most probably post flood.
Finally having looked at…
expansion (such as conversion to oil palm or pulpwood plantations) leads
to huge spikes in greenhouse gas emissions... Taken together, the impact of peat fires on global
warming may be more than 200 times greater than fires on other lands.” The benefits of issuing
new licenses for nonforested
land to private owners, thus stopping the burning of peatlands, as
shown in the quote, could be the key to cutting down on Indonesia 's carbon dioxide problem.
Indonesia needs to hold pulp & paper…