Papyrus

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    Lach Ostraca

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    Occasionally the message was scratched on the ostraca using a harder instrument. However, the message was generally written on it using ink and a brush. Papyrus & Parchment Many people in the Middle East and north-eastern Africa used either specially prepared animal skins called parchment or a type of paper made from reeds called papyrus to write on. Both, however, were expensive. To compound the issue, parchment was more difficult to manufacture and was very labor intensive but was more durable. On the other hand, papyrus was easier to manufacture but its manufacture was only in Egypt and had to be imported at considerable expense. In spite of this downside, for millennia it was for the most part much more readily available that parchment. Therefore the expense of the two technologies roughly balanced out so that important records such as diplomatic correspondence, business contracts and religious & literary texts were written on either of these materials. “Because of its durability parchment became the preferred material for the scripture.” (Wegner 93) During the period of 1947-1956, one of the greatest archeological discoveries is known as the Dead Sea Scrolls. They were found in eleven caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea. These scrolls are most commonly made of parchment but several were written on papyrus. The real value is that they contain the oldest known Biblical record. Within the collection are at least parts of all of the Old Testament books…

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    The Sumerian Civilization

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    The great thinkers of Egypt called on the previously paved foundation of knowledge laid down in ancient manuscripts. Royal documents were formed from the finest and most durable writing materials attainable. Scribes copied old documents onto fresh surfaces to preserve them. These scribes observed the decay and fragility of writing inscripted on papyrus, unbaked clay, and fabric surfaces. From these observations, scribes developed efficient stone carving processes and learned to bake clay tablets…

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    Papyrus Contract

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    It is very difficult to know exactly what life was like for the Ancient Romans’ daily life. Few events were recorded, mostly important ones, and even those were dramatized for the reader’s enjoyment. Fortunately, these ancient civilizations kept some records of their daily transactions, such as loans, bills, contracts, and receipts, as well as a few letters. These records, which were made on one of the first writing surfaces, papyrus, have been excavated from sites in Egypt, where they have been…

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    Papyrus Artifact

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    Papyrus was first made in Egypt as far back as the fourth millennium BCE. The earliest known papyrus was found in 2012-2013 which dated back to 2560-2550 BCE. Ancient Egyptians were the first to start using papyrus for many reasons but mainly used it for writing. Ancient Egyptian Scribes were the only people allowed to use papyrus paper. Individual Papyrus was made by laying strips of thin papyrus sheets side by side. First in one vertical layer then the other in a horizontal layer. You would…

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    Papyrus Essay

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    fertile soil, irrigation for crops, and reeds called papyrus for Egypt. Egyptians started producing papyrus paper (also called papyrus) as early as 3000 BC. Papyrus paper was more convenient than clay tablets (people used to write on them before papyrus paper), because they were less breakable, and not as heavy. Paper was also used for many other things, because of it convenience. Making papyrus paper was very difficult though, workers had to cut the papyrus, split it, lay it down, and burnish…

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    What I explored: Wattpad The subject I have explored is advanture, in which I choose to read the story of “The Stolen Papyrus” by C.M. Turner. This story has been entered into the #Wattys2016. It tells a series of stories related to lies, thievery and antiheroes causing by a papyrus excavated from the tomb of an Ancient Egyptian Queen. Features of this story: The story starts with a scene instead of introducing the background like the normal ones. The hook with the Papyrus is…

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    What does it Say? The Edwin Smith Surgical papyrus is a concoction of many different papyrus’ that if sewed together would form a book of sorts. The Surgical papyrus is an ancient Egyptian document written in ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. The document entails roughly 48 cases on how to treat anything from the upper abdomen to the head, so long as it entails wounds or injuries in an adult male. The cases entail everything from the swelling of the brain, to a gaping shoulder wound. What was it…

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    The Ancient Egyptian Medicine: The Papyrus Ebers was translated from the German Version by Cyril P. Bryan. Papyrus is material that is made out of plant stems and it was used for writing and painting in the ancient Egyptian times. The Papyrus Ebers was written c.1500 B.C. and it received its name after Georg Moritz Ebers, the Egyptologist who found the papyrus around 1872 in a tomb in Thebes, Egypt. Not only is the Papyrus Ebers the most famous, but it is also very lengthy because it contains…

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    extensive and distinguished one, as man sought to alleviate illnesses and fix injuries since the dawn of civilization. Their advancement of ancient medical practices is a rather astonishing one, considering the lack of “modern” facilities, sterilization, and sanitation. The perils of war, disease, and famine were just a few examples of the hardships encountered by civilizations. Magicians and physicians played an integral part in relieving the suffering of these conditions with their roles being…

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    Early Egyptians, under the Pharaohs reign, used measurements based on body parts to measure such things as land and buildings in early Egyptian history. However, it is two mathematical texts that the Egyptians left behind that have made the most impact on modern day mathematics. The Moscow Papyrus, dated back from the Egyptian middle kingdom 2000-1800 bc and the Rhind Papyrus, dated from around 1650 bc. Both are mathematical text that have contributed to modern day math. The Moscow Papyrus…

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