Oxytocin

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  • Essay On Oxytocin

    Oxytocin is a hormone classified as a neuropeptide that is produced in the hypothalamus area of the brain and that mammals produce almost exclusively (1,2,5). From the hypothalamus, oxytocin spreads to other parts of the brain and peripheral parts of the body to influence cells and behavior. Although oxytocin has been known for almost a hundred years, research into its effects on behavior and exact function is still ongoing and has recently picked up. For many years oxytocin has been used in medicine. In humans it is known to stimulate contractions in labor, increase milk ejection in lactation (4,5), and is found at increased levels during pleasurable activities such as a massage or sex (3). It is known by many names, the trust hormone, the love hormone, the cuddle hormone, because of the wide variety of behaviors it is known to affect. More recently, oxytocin is being researched for its role in social behaviors. It is believed that it may have a role in both romantic and social bonding in humans (3). While research in humans is still ongoing, it is known that oxytocin is a key part of pair bonding in monogamous animals (4). Its particular effects on a species are species specific (3), but research done in prairie voles, rats,…

    Words: 1588 - Pages: 6
  • Oxytocin And Vasopressin And Prosocial Behaviors

    Social interactions are essential in everyday situations such as wooing a mate, the reproduction of offspring, and forming interpersonal relationships. ‘Prosociality’, which is an umbrella term, involves maternal and paternal care, social recognition, adult affiliation such as pair bonding and social bonding, and empathy and trust between people. Various literature has examined the roles of oxytocin and vasopressin in supporting prosocial behaviours. Oxytocin (OT), a nonapeptide hormone…

    Words: 2018 - Pages: 9
  • Nature Vs. Nurture Study

    The famous discussion of nature vs. nurture was somewhat interrupted by the realization that both aspects, genetics and environment, have important input in individuals. By combining the studies of genetics and psychology it is possible to correlate results from the fields and search for possible, and hopefully specific, genes involved in the expression of certain traits. For instance, Poulin et al (2011) explored the relationship between receptor genes of oxytocin and vasopressin and prediction…

    Words: 1456 - Pages: 6
  • The Chemistry Of Love And Oxytocin

    These synthetic version come in two different brands, Pitocin and Syntocinon. The synthetic version can be used for obstetric and gynecological purposes to start birth contractions, reduce bleeding after pregnancy, and terminate a pregnancy during the first trimester (Feldman). Besides the release of oxytocin for child birth and breast-feeding, oxytocin also has many effects on a person’s emotions. Oxytocin is also not only released during child birth, but also during sexual activity. For all…

    Words: 1394 - Pages: 6
  • Why Does Tripler Choose To Play Food Network For A Pregnant Woman?

    May 7, 2014, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii. I set in the waiting room, bags in my lap, my mother to my left and an empty car seat on my right. The room is small and dull. The walls are painted a pale tan color and the only sound is coming from Rachel Ray cooking a “5 minute meal” on the television. “Why does Tripler choose to play Food Network for a bunch of pregnant women?” I wonder. Rachel just reminds me how hungry I am, even though I just finished a hearty breakfast. Maybe…

    Words: 804 - Pages: 4
  • Oxytocin Vs Bone

    wide range of uses for the oxytocin hormone with their role being heavily relied on by the aid of bone metabolism in osteoporosis. Osteoporosis results in a decrease of bone metabolism from a decrease in bone density and bone mass. Numerous studies have suggested that a link between oxytocin and bone metabolism will reverse the effects of this decrease and restore bone formation. Literature Review Oxytocin is most widely known as the love hormone. It is released by the pituitary gland and…

    Words: 1658 - Pages: 7
  • Effects Of Oxytocin On Autism

    Life Sciences Research Project Does Oxytocin have an effect on children with autism? If so what are these effects? Introduction First of all Oxytocin is a hormone that is created in the brain, in the hypothalamus. It is transported to and secreted by, the pituitary gland. It acts as a hormone and as a brain neurotransmitter. Oxytocin has an anti-anxiety effect and may increase personal attachment and empathetic behaviour. Research has shown that oxytocin may be beneficial for people with…

    Words: 1470 - Pages: 6
  • Pros And Cons Of Oxytocin

    It is common for women to go past their due date. In fact, it is estimated that 10 percent of mothers will go past their due date. Fortunately, there are things you can do at home to induce your labor. Below is a guide on how to induce labor naturally at home: Nipple Stimulation Stimulating the nipples helps the pituitary gland produce oxytocin. Oxytocin helps stimulate contractions. Pitocin, which is a drug that is often administered at the hospital to stimulate contractions, is a synthetic…

    Words: 385 - Pages: 2
  • Oxytocin And Social Behavior

    A huge amount of interest has been placed in studying oxytocin, not only on for its implication in female reproduction, but also for modulation of several aspects of social behavior. This review will first focus on mammalian organisms. In most of the experiments discussed below, microdialysis was used to measure the level of OT and AVP because of its ability to directly monitor both neuropeptides when released in the brain (Landgraf & Newmann, 2004). a) Social bonding A study on the behavioral…

    Words: 1845 - Pages: 7
  • Dr. Paul Zak's Argumentative Analysis

    innately moral? Dr. Paul Zak believes he has identified the chemical responsible for moral behavior. With the aid of psychological and biological experiments, Zak believes the oxytocin, a neurotransmitter, allows us to exhibit moral behaviors such as empathy and trustworthiness. Paul Zak, inspired by his own mother’s morality, wondered whether the morality of his sweet mother was a shared characteristic amongst other humans. In order to examine such question, Zak looked for shared…

    Words: 1038 - Pages: 5
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