Overjustification effect

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    Student Observation Essay

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    Throughout the school day students come into contact with many different teachers. Each teacher has different expectations and requirements for their class. Each student in each class are unique individuals. They come from different backgrounds, have different home lives and different upbringings. Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs states individuals must have their basic needs meet first in order to advance forward toward self-actualization. Self-actualization includes creativity, problem solving, accepting, of facts, mortality, spontaneity, and lack of prejudice.(Burton,2012) Students must have their basic needs met at home before they are able to move forward in the learning process. For example, if student does not have food, water, and a home to go to, it will be hard for them to concentrate in class. Motivation is defined as a force or influence that causes someone to do something.(Merrian-Webster,n.d.) There are two main types of motivation, intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation comes from inside the individual. It is an internal drive to do well. Extrinsic motivation is achieved through outside rewards. Whether it be a pat on the back for a job well done or a pay raise at work, extrinsic motivation is an external drive. When discussing the basic principles of teaching and learning, one stands out as a key form of motivation for students in the classroom. “Behaviors that are reinforced (rewarded) are more likely to be learned.” (Swortzel,2014)Reinforcements…

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    Transformational leadership is about being a change agent within an organization and wanting to help the company be the best that is can be. This is synonymous with the idea of the corporate entrepreneur who is someone that is more focused on “what can be” than “what is”. The text states that, “some studies have found that transformational leadership positively correlates with higher organizational performance” (331). I believe this statement has truth to it because an organization that is run…

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    2014). It was found that positive intervention is effective in teaching and shaping appropriate behaviors. Research studies were able to successfully control noncompliant behaviors by presenting a desired reinforcement for a socially acceptable behavior. Studies Tangentially Related Strain, Wilson, and Dunlap reported on a research study that examined the effect of Prevent-Teach-Reinforce process on three large classrooms in the western part of the country. This additional studies were…

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    learning depends on the consequences tied to the behavior. In general there are two types of reinforcement: positive and negative. Positive reinforcement results when a behavioral consequence has strengthens the probability of the behavior being repeated; while negative reinforcement results when an undesirable consequence is withheld, strengthening the probability of the behavior being repeated. Negative reinforcement is often confused with punishment, but they are not the same. The difference…

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    Theoretical Evaluation There are many factors that contribute to the strengths and weaknesses of being part of an organization. Before anyone such employees, managers, or those in the upper positions can recommend ideas to improve the strengths or solutions to the weakness, they should first consider some of theoretical concepts within organizational behavior. Positive: The three positive factors that were most stated and highly rated in Raley’s employee survey include coworkers and their…

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    changed the way we 8communicate, and how we establish social status. It has has effected every institution of society: family, religion, government, economy, and education. There has been both positive and negative aspects to social media. In today’s life, its about trying to find the right balance with social media that society can prosper from it. Social media will always be apart of the world, so instead of deeming it as a negative effect on society, there are ways that it can be more of a…

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    Depression. A mental illness that seems to be effecting twenty percent of the teenage population (citation). Believed to be a disease that only effects the poor or a specific race, depression is a disorder that is victimizing even the most popular of individuals, such as Marilyn Monroe. The research question that is explored in this essay, explains the many effects of depression on teens aged 10 -16, which are the symptoms or results of an issue. Many times these teens are unknowingly effected…

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    Unethical Legal Issues

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    When acting unethical in a business there is a number of things that can go wrong. One result could be legal issues depending on how the action was commenced and the effect it had on the people around it. Legal issues on social media these days is really bad for business and will most certainly have a negative effect on your company. There are also fines in place if the government was to find out that there is such legal issue going on inside your company. Another effect is how such act makes…

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    In the article Toxic effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs by Scott- Goodwin A.C., Puerto M., and Moreno I. speak about the dangers of using while pregnant. These authors article tries to target new parents about the risk they take when they take drugs while pregnant. They try to educate them about what the drugs can do not only to the child but also the mother as well. The introduction paragraph of the article the authors give a general over view of how being under…

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    What is the Effect of an Unseen Disability on a Student? One of my favorite quotes is from Einstein where he states, “but if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid”. Similarly, an unseen disability can make a student feel like that fish in that the student is often asked to perform tasks in such a way that is not within their ability. Unquestionably, a physical impairment is obvious and noticeable, while an unseen…

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