Page 1 of 15 - About 141 Essays
  • Contact Hypothesis: Reducing Prejudice

    Participants in contact were likely to experience “attitude strength,” “outgroup trust,” and “forgiveness” as well as reducing implicit bias and “automatic physiological threat responses to out-group members” (Hewstone & Swart, 2011, 376). Contact can change these fundamental attributes of one’s character and self. Additionally, those who participated in intergroup contact gain positive attitudes not only toward the outgroup they interacted with, but also “towards other, secondary, outgroups not involved in the contact situation” (Hewstone & Swart, 2011, p. 376). The effects of contact bleed through to other parts of one’s personal life, creating a fundamental change in a participant’s…

    Words: 1593 - Pages: 7
  • Theories Of Gender Discrimination

    theory is the presence of ingroup bias; it is said that this ingroup bias supports a positive self-concept, feeds favoritism, and fosters outgroup disliking. People often identify their positive self-image with the self-image of their ingroup (DiDonato & others, 2011). So when our ingroup has been successful we often feel a sense of pride, and our identity for our ingroup is strengthened. For this reason men and women are often segregated because the feeling of pride and ingroup identity is…

    Words: 1517 - Pages: 7
  • Stereotypes In Social Groups

    Humans have a very strong tendency to perceive other humans in terms of “us” and “them”. “Us” refers to the in-group, which is the group we belong to. On the other hand, “them” refers to the out-group, and is the social group we do not belong to. Neither are limited to racial, ethnic, or religious boundaries. Any characteristic can be used to make in-group and outgroup distinctions (rock vs. pop, Apple vs. Windows, etc…). Since the in-group is the one we belong to, we can see the members of our…

    Words: 1333 - Pages: 6
  • Football Academy Case Study

    Case study report on the psychological issues within a football academy From the case study information, it is clear that the main psychology issue the football academy are struggling with is social identity. For example, the athletes are performing as individual’s trying to out win one another, from the behavioural observations it states that ‘the football players have been behaving as a bunch of individuals with little sense of belonging to an academy team’ and ‘it appears there is no…

    Words: 1687 - Pages: 7
  • Racial Outgroup

    Aggression and Racial Ingroup and Outgroup Ostracism Belonging was necessary for the establishment of mental health, reproductive success, and security in human (Baumeister & Leary, 1995). The advantages in establishing and maintaining social connections were numerous, for example obtained social support from groups, accessed critical resources and potential mates, and protected from environmental dangers (Buss, 1990). In fact, Baumeister and Leary (1995) suggested that belonging to social…

    Words: 1646 - Pages: 7
  • Apprehensiveness In Interpersonal Communication

    This display of apprehensiveness, as explained by Stephan et al. (1998), is an example of Intergroup Anxiety (IA) – highly prevalent emotions felt by individuals during social interactions with outgroup members. This model suggests that individuals may experience a broad range of adverse emotions, such as awkwardness, anxiety, apprehension and embarrassment, which may fuel intergroup hostility. Furthermore, according to Dalglish and Chan (2005), individuals who experience lesser intercultural…

    Words: 1253 - Pages: 6
  • Bisexual Community Analysis

    dangerous label in society and even in the LGBTQ+ community. There is without doubt that people do not consider bisexuals a part of the spectrum of the aforementioned reasons and more. Bisexuals are their own ingroup within the larger supportive ingroup of the LGBTQ+ community. Even more complexly, I can argue that there are outgroups within the community, the outgroups being the gay, lesbian, and trans individuals. Outgroups within the community can be formed due to some people also believing…

    Words: 1474 - Pages: 6
  • Negative Effects Of Police Brutality

    Humans have an inborn and fundamental need for affiliation, and belonging to an ingroup is one way to fulfill this need. Naturally with this attainment we develop and us versus them mentality. An Ingroups (us) is a social group that one is linked to and identifies with, while and outgroup (them) is a group we’re unable to identify with. Race, gender, occupation, schooling, even sharing the same home town are all examples of groups for which a person can classify themselves into. Throughout this…

    Words: 1050 - Pages: 5
  • The Pros And Cons Of Joining A Gang

    The usual person has a good friend or a family member that they commonly confide in. When a police officer gets in a situation of trouble through work or their personal life he will count on his companions just like the average person, and they will rationalize the story that is given and make it seem as if he had to it and condoning his behavior. “Ingroup bias is the tendency to favor one 's own group over the outgroup, including devaluing the outgroup in some cases” (McFeeters 3); Cops will…

    Words: 729 - Pages: 3
  • What Role Does Religion Play In A Good Life

    is wrong with the world. Because that attitude leads to treating other people different because they don’t fit the ideas you identify with. This kind of behavior is a perfect example of a member of an in-group trying to keep the membership of people in the in-group unique just to them. According to Wikipedia, “An in-group is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member. By contrast, outgroup are socials group with which an individual does not identify.” For…

    Words: 1369 - Pages: 6
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