Niger

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    Niger Introduction: Niger is a landlocked and developing country in western Africa, named after the Niger River and officially the Republic of Niger. It is bordered by Chad in the east, Burkina Faso and Mali in the west, Nigeria and Benin in the south and Algeria and Libya in the north. Niger covers a land area of 1,267,000 square kilometres and with estimated population of 11,666,000. History of Niger: Thousands of years ago, Niger had wet and favorable conditions for agriculture and livestock herding in a fertile grassland environment. According to archaeological findings and rock engravings from the Neolithic/New Stone Age period (from around 10,000BC), it was found that earliest ancestors used to hunt wildlife across the plains. Later on around 2500BC, the land became drier as a result the Sahara encroached. By the middle ages, Niger became an important trade routes across the Sahara using camels as the means of transportation. The Hausa kingdom to the south became wealthy by trading with different groups in gold producing regions. So between 15th and 18th centuries, Niger became an important trade route for gold, slaves and salt. In 1890, Niger became a republic of the French…

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    production and sale of oil. These problems are all especially evident in the Niger Delta. As a resident of the Niger Delta and an ethnic minority within Nigeria, I have a unique perspective on the situations at hand, as well as how they aught to be remedied. I hope to see citizens of the Delta gain an increased amount of regional autonomy, as well as to see the Delta receive more financial benefits for its role in the nation’s largest and most profitable export. I hope to see these changes…

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    The Niger Economy

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    security of Niger extremely vulnerable. The Republic of Niger is a landlocked country of 21.48 million people (Food Security Index). Niger’s economy is predominatly based on agriculture. Most families depend on subsistence agriculture, as fourth-fifths of Niger’s population depends on subsistence farming (Our Africa). With recurrent severe droughts and low annual rainfall, the food supply in Niger is shrinking. If these trends of droughts and low rainfall persit, the economy will continue to…

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    As a result of the downfall of the Gadhafi regime in Libyan, a large number of Tuareg soldiers who served in Gaddafi’s military returned to Mali. These Tuaregs were well-trained, well-armed and would go on to from the MNLA. The MNLA is only the most recent iteration of Tuareg militancy with Tuareg rebellions occurring in Niger and Algeria as well as Mali. There have been two other major Tuareg rebellions in Mali in 1990 and 2007. The Tuaregs are nomadic people and as a result are well suited to…

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    to 126 degrees Fahrenheit. The video “Bones of the Sahara” by PBS. The video is about a Paleontologist who discovers human bones in the Sahara Desert and he tries to discover who these people are and what civilization are they from. The Paleontologist also tries to discover what kind of life they lived and what the environment was like in the time the humans lived in. The name of the Paleontologist is Paul Sereno. He is a well-known Dinosaur Paleontologist. In the year 2000 he was in the Sahara…

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    Sahelian Region Essay

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    The Sahelian region comprises of countries such as Algeria, Mali, Senegal, Chad, Eritrea, Mauritania, Chad and Niger. Natural disasters such as floods and drought, animal diseases have been more frequent in West Africa (Barnabas, Jager, & Feher 2008). People living in this region have been suffering a lot. These disasters tend to bring about poverty, food insecurity, child malnutrition, conflicts, lack of basic services, poor governance and political instability, and weak economies dependent on…

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    Muslims created a trading center. Soninke kingdom started to move the Trans-Saharan trade routes from the Djenne city on the Niger River valley to North Africa. Almoravid group who later was assumed by the Mandinka Empire has destroyed the Soninke kingdom. Mandinka Empire established a trade route that went back east through Djenne and Timbuktu between the 13th and 15th century. In the 15th century the kingdom of Songhai has asserted its independence to the east, allowing Djenne and Timbuktu to…

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    A semi-nomadic pastoralist culture in the middle of modern, Westernizing Africa, is an ethnic group called the Tuareg. Though diverse and living in separate communities speckled throughout Algeria, Mali, and Niger, the Tuareg are united by their shared language and proud history. They were expert traders and formidable warriors, raiding and conquering to find the best land for the livestock, prior to the European colonization of Africa. For the Tuareg, it was the French that proved too…

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    a British Petroleum gas plant near Amenas, Algeria. The AMB attacked the plant in retaliation against Algeria for allowing France to utilize their air space, launching air strikes into northern Mali. The AMB took 800 hostages, using them to demand the release of French captured Islamist fighters in Mali, as well as a cease to French air strikes in the country. On May 23, 2013, the AMB and Mouvement pour l’Unification et le Jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO) used suicide bombings against a…

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    Opn Imo Case Study

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    BACKGROUND The Overview of the Nigeria Education Sector The Federal Republic of Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country is in the West African sub-region, bordered by Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Nigeria currently has 36 states with a Federal Capital Territory and a population of over 150 million people. Osun state is one of the 36 states in Nigeria; it is located in the south western part of the country with a population of over 3…

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