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  • Tuberculosis: An Infectious Disease

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 TUBERCULOSIS Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB is a major global health problem and it ranks alongside Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) as a leading cause of death worldwide. According to the estimates of WHO global tuberculosis report of 2015, there were 9.6 million people who developed TB and 1.5 million who died from the disease in 2014. 1.2 TRANSMISSION AND PATHOGENESIS OF TB TB infection occurs when…

    Words: 1556 - Pages: 7
  • Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Research Paper

    MICROBIAL HUMAN DISEASE(TUBERCULOSIS) The causative agent of tuberculosis is Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It was discovered in 1882 by Robert Koch.It is the highly contagious aerobic pathogen which mean they requires oxygen to grow and it is non-motile.It is an intracellular pathogen which means that infects the macrophages of the bodies immune system.And the reason this bacteria is very effective is because of the waxy coat of Mycolic Acid that onvolves the bacteria.Thia makes staining very…

    Words: 619 - Pages: 3
  • Similarities Between HIV And Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

    mortality and morbidity among HIV patients (Chang et al., 2013). Tuberculosis People with HIV are 26 to 31 times more likely to get TB infection than people without HI (WHO, Approximately 14 million people from around the world have HIV and Mycobacterium tuberculosis co-infection. TB is the most common opportunistic infection among HIV patients, responsible for 26 % of total AIDS deaths (WHO, 2015). Cryptococcus co-infection Cryptococcus spp., is an environmental yeast endemic to many…

    Words: 1999 - Pages: 8
  • Cauda Equina Syndrome Case Summary

    sensation to the buttocks, perineum, and inner thigh ruling out cauda equina syndrome. Medical History The patient has an extensive medical history including chronic abdominal pain and hypomagnesia due to short bowel syndrome (SBS), chronic mycobacterium avium complex infection, chronic kidney…

    Words: 1012 - Pages: 5
  • Tuberculosis And Its Impact On Society

    In modern day society, Tuberculosis is presumed to not be the devastating pathogen it once was. However, being a disease from mainly Mycobacterium bacteria, tuberculosis is the second most killing disease in the world from a single infectious agent despite being curable (McNamee, 2014). Evidently, a report in 2013 shows 9 million people who have developed TB, with 1.5 million of this population dying from it (McNamee, 2014). Despite great efforts to control the spread of TB, it is still has…

    Words: 596 - Pages: 3
  • Acid Fast Bacteria

    fuchsin, to stain our bacteria. There are many different type of mycobacteria in this world that shared some similarities with M. leprae but one of the most well known and the most similar to M. leprae is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. M. tuberculosis is the most clinically relevant Mycobacterium species and about 90% of the infections are in the lung because it is an obligate aerobes. A M. tuberculosis bacterium is 2-4 micrometers in length and 0.2-0.5 micrometers in width. It causes tuberculosis…

    Words: 532 - Pages: 3
  • Informative Essay On Tuberculosis

    simply that easy. Tuberculosis is an airborne contracted disease and in the 18th and 19th centuries, the infectious disease ran rampant throughout Europe and North America. Tuberculosis is caused by the bacillus mycobacterium tuberculosis, as well as mycobacterium bovis and mycobacterium…

    Words: 748 - Pages: 3
  • Bcg Research Paper

    strain tice) sold under the name OncoTICE. “BCG is considered “gold standard” and mainstay for treating bladder cancer that has not invaded muscle tissue" as well as functioning as a tuberculosis vaccine. “BCG is an attenuated mycobacterium developed from the Mycobacterium bovis strain. The precise mechanism of action has not been clearly determined; however, the pronounced infiltration of the bladder wall by…

    Words: 703 - Pages: 3
  • Tuberculosis Research Papers

    In the disease, tuberculosis, the mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes the harmful effects in tuberculosis. The bacterium spreads throughout the body through methods similar to protein synthesis. However, certain antibiotics such as, streptomycin, help prevent and cure cases…

    Words: 794 - Pages: 4
  • Robert Koch Research Paper

    theft of life, the germ of death itself. When a person was diagnosed with tuberculosis it was like a death sentence. Its cause was unknown until in 1882 German physician and scientist Robert Koch discovered the bacterium that causes the disease, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This discovery has contributed to many other important events across multiple scientific disciplines. It is what lead him to receive the Nobel Prize and is the reason we are all here today. One of the most important…

    Words: 693 - Pages: 3
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