The Effects Of Stretching On Strength Performance
These effects of stretching prominently appear to affect stretch tolerance with no changes in the viscoelastic properties of the muscle (Halbertsma & Göeken, 1994) (Magnusson, Simonsen, Aagaard, Sørensen, & Kjaer, 1996). The mechanism for increased performance following chronic stretching is believed to be related to stretch-induced hypertrophy, which is discussed more when examining the adaption mechanisms.
The adaptation mechanisms of acute and chronic stretching are important in determining the effects stretching has on strength performance. The primary adaptions due to stretching occur through neurological, structural, cellular, and hormonal mechanisms. However, literature is rather inconclusive in which mechanisms, and to what degree the mechanism has been altering strength performance.
The effects of stretching on strength performance has been tried to be related to neurological mechanisms. Several chronic studies have claimed that improvements in flexibility in performance are related to a greater tolerance to stretch (Halbertsma & Göeken, 1994) (Magnusson, Simonsen, Aagaard, Sørensen, & Kjaer, 1996) (Halbertsma, Bolhuis, & Göeken, 1996). These reductions in sensitivity to stretch increase the activation threshold of the muscle, tendon, joint receptors, and nociceptors, but are fundamental mechanism for the protections of structures involved in movement. These reductions theoretically allow for greater forces…