Different Forms Of Government In Ancient Greece
this paper we will look at the governments types of aristocracy, oligarchy, monarchy, tyranny and democracy in city-states and discuss the similarities and differences of each focusing especially on those that share strong similarities.
Aristocracies and oligarchies are both forms of governments that are ruled by a small group of people. In aristocracies that small group is intended to be made up of those that are in the best position to rule, “the morally and intellectually superior” (Aristocracy, 2016). Of course, a group of this type would work for the benefit of not just themselves but for the entire community, as this would be the moral thing to do. Many city-states were ruled by aristocracy or some combination of it an monarchy. The Achaean League, which Sparta was forced into in 192 BC, was one such group (Halsall, 1999, para. 12). In contrast, the small group of government rulers of the oligarchy is not performing their duties for the entire community but for themselves or to at least to retain their power. Often these were made up of people who were born in royal positions or held the position due to wealth. Aristotle considered these governments as ones that were “exercised not by the best but by bad men unjustly” (Oligarchy, n.d.). This was considered the form of government in Sparta when the power laid in the members of the Gerousia, made up of the wealthy and two kings.
Monarchies and tyrannies are similar in that they both have their…