Metaphysics

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  • Prolegomena By Immanuel Kant Analysis

    uses his writing Prolegomena to discuss the question, is the study of metaphysics possible and what do we gain from studying or practicing it? Kant evaluates this question by discussing what distinguishes metaphysics from other natural sciences and mathematics. The many sections of this book explore this discussion and provide the necessary arguments to solve this question. Kant comes to a conclusion on the study of metaphysics and ultimately determines that it is a form of pseudoscience, and…

    Words: 1318 - Pages: 6
  • Aquinas Vs Kant

    A Juxtaposition of the Metaphysics of Aquinas and Kant Two key philosophers that one must examine in order to gain a better grasp of metaphysics are Saint Thomas Aquinas and Immanuel Kant. Through a thorough examination of both thinkers’ metaphysical philosophies, one can conclude that they differ in their beliefs regarding the origin and essence of beings and Being. In his examination of metaphysics, Saint Thomas Aquinas believes that in order to understand being and Being, one must start with…

    Words: 2053 - Pages: 9
  • Kant's Aphorisms In The Metaphysic Of Moral

    Kant and Nietzsche According to Kant the only thing in this world that is explicitly good is “good will.” Exploring the aphorisms in the Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, we will examine the three primary factors Kant uses as his basis for confirming good will. In the first of three primary factors Kant explains, that every individual should harbor the obligation of “duties.” Kant felt that for each person to be the greatest individual they could possibly be they had to try and obtain…

    Words: 759 - Pages: 4
  • Plato's Theory Of Forms Analysis

    Metaphysics, also commonly known as first philosophy, has been studied since antiquity. The study of metaphysics generally seeks to answer the question of what is really ‘there.’ Many philosophers have contributed to this particular branch of thought. However our understanding of metaphysics would be less significant without the strong foundation of work by ancient philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle. One of the most important pieces of work to touch Western Society was Plato’s Theory of…

    Words: 1852 - Pages: 8
  • Aquinas: Essence And Existence

    In order to understand Aquinas’ metaphysics, one must understand the difference between essence and existence. According to Aquinas, there are two senses of ‘being’: one sense is that “those things [are called beings] that are sorted into the ten categories (of Aristotle); in the other sense [calling something a being] signifies the truth of propositions” (Aquinas, I). Then, Aquinas goes on to say that essence is derived from a being in the first sense. Because a being can be divided into ten…

    Words: 1761 - Pages: 8
  • Rene Descartes Clear And Distinct Perceptions

    In Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes attempts to reconcile a Christian metaphysics with a new epistemology contrary to the scholastic, Aristotelian worldview. He seeks new foundations that knowledge can be built upon and tries to accomplish this by identifying basic, indubitable axioms to derive more complex truths by. As Descartes had a background in mathematics and geometry, these tenets are proposed alike mathematical truths in that they are self-evidential. He calls these axioms…

    Words: 1169 - Pages: 5
  • David Hume's Influence On Philosophy

    self, thus it is the only thing one can truly know to exist. As Hume himself wrote “We may, therefore, conclude with certainty, that the opinion of a continued and of a distinct existence never arises from the senses” (Treatise, 1.4.2.11). This metaphysics, or even this filter through which one approaches life is purely philosophical, based on rationality and logic. Thus, it is one side of the proverbial…

    Words: 2065 - Pages: 9
  • Aristotle's Polytheism: The Golden Age Of Greece

    intelligible order to the universe; evident in how everything, from the birds to the water that flow, everything works in conjunction with one another. It does not work by chance, however, by an intelligible governor; God. Even Aristotle stated in his Metaphysics, “For nothing is moved at random” (Apostle p.…

    Words: 1645 - Pages: 7
  • Plato's Metaphysical Perspective On Ultimate Reality

    most notably recognized in the field of metaphysics. He was born as an Athenian Greek around 428-348 B.C.E and was the disciple of the great Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle. Plato wrote many books discussing philosophy through dialect and in fact, Plato was the one to record all of Socrates teachings. The works most known today are the Republic and Law. Plato’s most famous work is the Republic in which he discusses many aspects of his view of metaphysics. The Republic discussed many…

    Words: 1232 - Pages: 5
  • Metaphysical Dualism

    The most serious problem associated with metaphysical dualism is “mind over matter’. When we speak of mind and body, we are not speaking of two separate things but only one thing that is in question. Metaphysics is the knowledge of knowing what is real and how do you know it’s real? Knowing what is real is a serious problem because we as humans did not live back then so we don’t know what to believe when it comes to past existence, because we don’t know what happened back then, making logic to…

    Words: 305 - Pages: 2
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