Mandible

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    The figures 11-15 represent the different aspects of the left Permanent Mandibular Second Molar. Mandibular molars are the largest teeth on the mandibular arch. There is a number of three on each side of the mandible; first, second and third mandibular molars. They resemble each other in functional form, although when in comparison with each one, it’s clear the variations in the number of cusps, size, the occlusal design and the lengths and position of the roots. All mandibular molars have crowns that have a rough quadrilateral shape to them, being longer mesiodistally than buccolingually. Mandibular Second Molars perform the majority of work of the lower jaw when chewing and grinding food during mastication. From the buccal aspect, in comparison…

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    Among the previously described modes of obtaining temporomandibular joint disorder, another, yet rare, form of acquiring the disorder is discovered to be through physical traumas directly to the mandible region. This is the only form that is not classified as a multifactorial inheritance; only environment is accounted responsible for the resulting damage. A forceful or sharp impact on either side of the face renders individuals to be more susceptible to delayed TMD (Pettit and Auvenshine, 2016),…

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    cricoids cartilage lies inferior to the thyroid cartilage, forming a ring of cartilage that surrounds the trachea (Starkey, et al., 2011). 13. Tracheal cartilage a. The tracheal cartilage is strong but flexible tissue that helps support the trachea while still allowing it to move and flex during breathing (AnatomyExpert, 2014). b. The C-shaped cartilages are stacked one on top of the other and start under the cricoids cartilage, and then continue to the throat to the stomach (AnatomyExpert,…

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    Dental X-Rays

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    If you've had dental X-rays, you know how beneficial they can be in finding cavities. But what about dental problems not pertaining to your teeth? At Rt 1 Dental, there's a dental X-ray that can help your North Brunswick, Central NJ, cosmetic dentist, dentist Dr. Irina Trakhtman see other areas of your mouth. Much like a panoramic picture, the panoramic X-ray (Panorex) provides a full view of the scenery — in this case, your entire oral cavity! A Room With a View The Panorex X-ray, a single…

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    Temporomandibular Joint

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    TMJ is the temporomandibular joint and is commonly used to describe a disorder or dysfunction with that joint also known as TMD. For the purposes of this paper, we will continue to refer to the disorder or dysfunction of the joint as TMJ. TMJ is classified as any problems or pain directly related to the Temporomandibular joint. This can include moderate to extreme pain while chewing, a clicking sound while opening and closing the jaw, swelling of the face, problems with the jaw locking open or…

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    Mandible Fracture Essay

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    comprised of Mandibullar fractures. The most commonly fracture site in the body is the facial area [2, 3] and the most frequent site in the facial area is mandible [4, 5]. As facial area is without protective covering and the mandible is the most protruded bone this area. The occurrence of injuries in the facial area tends to be high in the facial area and likewise high in Mandibullar region as compared to other parts of the body [6, 7]. Other parts of of body are usually with protective…

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    The anatomy of a vertebra consists of the body, two pedicles, two transverse processes, pars interarticularis, spinous process, and both superior and inferior articular facets; two of each, total of four. When assessing the 45-degree oblique image, certain structures of the vertebra appear within the vertebral bodies that create a visualization of a “Scottie dog”. The Scottie dog is used as a reference to indicate proper positioning of the patient and is used as a tool to help in making the…

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    Face is the window through which we perceive the world around us and the world notes us. The face is crucial , injuries to face results in divesting physical and emotional sequelae. Maxillofacial trauma is a cause of grave concern due to the increasing road traffic accidents, violence and sports injury. The unique position of mandible on the face makes it one of the most commonly fractured facial bones. Mandibular Fractures are the most common fractures treated by oral and maxillofacial surgeon.…

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    thick calculus on the teeth. The presence of starchy particles in the mouth creates an ideal breeding environment and food supply for the oral bacteria. When allowed to settle and breed, the bacteria travel down the tooth and into the gums, causing infection and inflammation of the gums. In advanced stages, periodontal disease enters the body through opportunistic entry through blood vessels in the oral cavity. Where periodontal disease progresses over a long period of time in humans, it…

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    Primary central MEC has been reported in the first to seventh decade; however, cases occurring in the: fourth and fifth decades are most widespread. [6] In children, gender ratio and the mandible to maxilla ratio is 1:1, whereas in adults: MEC is slightly more common in women and the posterior mandible. [6] In this case the lesion was seen in 16 yr female patient. The pathogenesis of intraosseous MEC is much debated. It may originate from, [7] • Entrapment of retromolar mucus glands within the…

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