Justified true belief

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    know Auckland well), skillful knowledge (I know how to ride a bike), and propositional knowledge (I know that snakes are reptiles). The first two forms of knowledge are interesting, but we are only concerned with the third, what it is to know some proposition, ‘p’. We automatically note a difference between belief and knowledge. Individuals can believe propositions that are not true; but if you know that ‘p’, then ‘p’ must be true. You cannot know something incorrect; if it is incorrect, then you do not know it. You have made an error, thinking it to be true when it is not. For example, if you claim that Auckland is the capital of New Zealand, and you think you know this, you…

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    Challenging Justified True Belief: Fault in Definition Traditionally, Plato Philosophers have analyzed knowledge as being a justified true belief. Based on the views of different philosophers, one can be pessimistic about the possibility of this definition. I will elaborate on my reasoning by arguing from the thesis that other philosopher’s have challenged ‘justified true belief’ with analytical propositions that validate the need to contest Plato’s argument. 1. Explanation of Justified True…

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    explain the Justified True Belief (JTB) analysis of propositional knowledge and provide a counterexample to it. I will then verify that the Casual Theory (developed by Alvin Goldman) is to a certain extent the correct analysis of propositional knowledge. The motivation behind my thesis is to prove that JTB, first established by Plato completely fails to analyse propositional knowledge, and the essay will highlight the facts how it fails to do so when answering the question. The JTB analysis of…

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    The Platonic definition of knowledge is ‘justified true belief’, this concept was widely accepted until Gettier published his paper “Is Justified true belief knowledge?”, since then many philosophers have looked to refine the definition of knowledge. In this essay, I will be constructing Gettier cases to show that one can have a justified true belief (JTB) in X without knowing X. I will then analyse these cases with common criticisms and defences of them, subsequently, I will present an…

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    This question has plagued the minds of philosophers for years. In order to answer such a fundamental question, Plato designed the justified true belief theory. This theory attempts to analyze the nature of knowledge by listing conditions that must be met in order to know a certain proposition. While the justified-true-belief theory holds true for most circumstances, there are situations where it falls short, leading us to question if knowledge is even possible to obtain. According to the…

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    challenges the way knowledge is analyzed in his famous 1963 paper “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?” Gettier writes two cases in his paper, which illustrate that knowledge is more than just true belief and justification. As a side note: when I refer to the term “justification,” readers should know that justification is different from one person to another. Also, justification can change throughout time (Mason, “D. Knowledge 1”). Justification requires having good reasons. Back to the point,…

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    No Defeater's Theory

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    solid means of epistemically justifying an individual's beliefs. The Gettier Problem is a commonly discussed challenge to the traditional way of defining knowledge. The traditional way is when a person has a belief that turns out to be accurate and true, while he is also justified for having that belief. For example, Peter claims that the Cleveland Cavaliers won the NBA Finals. Peter is a very dedicated sports fan and pays close attention to basketball, looks at all the stats, knows which…

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    Justified True Belief Theory

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    Theory of ‘Justified True Belief’ and E. Gettier problem The epistemology, or simply theory and concept of the knowledge, is one of the most important topics in philosophy. Different philosophers proposed different meanings and interpretations of knowledge. Plato introduced one of the most important philosophical works on knowledge ‘Theaetetus’. The ‘Theaetetus’ is a set-piece discussion of the question “What is knowledge?”(S. Chappell, 2013). In this dialogue, Theaetetus proposes three…

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    find the true meaning of life. Neo and the prisoners share the same trait, when in the matrix, they have tubes and wires connected to their entire body just like the prisoners in the cave that prevents him from being free to do or see what he wants. Another similarity, the matrix uses the sentinel programs and artificial intelligence,…

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    Gettier approaches knowledge as a personal view of knowledge a knowledge that through justified true beliefs one cannot have knowledge of something due to limitations of the self-obtained knowledge. Zagzebski says that these limitations are inescapable when talking about knowledge formed from justified true beliefs as most knowledge is obtained through luck that one 's justified true belief fell upon through chance. I will argue that both of these models don 't view knowledge in a way that…

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