Joseph Butler

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  • David Hume: The Importance Of Sentiment In Morality

    The Importance of Sentiment in Morality In this paper, I will argue that David Hume’s argument on morality is more persuasive than Thomas Hobbes’ argument due to the nature of sentiment that everyone carries. One of the key problems of Hobbes’ argument is that it assumes that everyone is unitary. Hobbes explained the State of Nature and the way people would react to it in a way where all the actors involved would make the obvious--rational--choice, however, this is not the case. Not all individuals will react the same way and it would be naive to assume so. An example of this is in his prisoner’s dilemma. In the Leviathan, Hobbes explains the State of Nature like the prisoner’s dilemma (Hobbes, Ch. 13, 618). In this dilemma, two criminals are arrested by the state. They are brought into separate rooms where they are to be questioned. These criminals have the option to confess to the thing they are convicted of or not. Regardless, the government does not really care for the truth, but just wants the criminals to confess. The following dilemma shows that neither convict has to ask the other to know what that right choice is. If they both do not confess then both convicts will receive the lighter sentence, therefore, choosing the better option. The following is set to show how people who chose the choice that benefits collectively, will evidently be the better choice. This is the entire premise that Hobbes explains in instrumental rationality. However, the choice is not as…

    Words: 1115 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of The Film Inherit The Wind

    in any of the Universities, Normals and all other public schools of the State which are supported in whole or in part by the public school funds of the State, to teach any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals”. It continues to affirm, “That any teacher found guilty of the violation of this Act, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction, shall be fined not less than…

    Words: 1336 - Pages: 6
  • Feminist Theory In Ir

    Feminist theory is a fairly new approach to the IR discipline and the aim is to produce knowledge that helps inform practices to improve the lives of women. Feminists use the experience of women to make research that is beneficial to women. In doing so they believe that their viewpoints might uncover aspects of reality that is hidden by more conventional approaches. Feminists believe that by paying attention to experiences of women IR theories might be reformulated and the understanding of world…

    Words: 1529 - Pages: 7
  • In Gender Troubles: Audre Lorde And Judith Butler

    Lorde and Butler Society has a strange fixation with placing anything and everything into one category or another. Talking to any person today can show just how different and similar one can be to another. For instance, when you think of a writer, how many varying faces and personalities’ rushes through your head? Audre Lorde and Judith Butler are two such writers that share a connection through their craft and their meaning. Though they may have these general similarities, they have their…

    Words: 1278 - Pages: 6
  • John Scopes Research Paper

    by James H. Leuba, were blaming Darwinian theories for students losing faith in God. Some books, like Headquarters Nights, by Vernon Kellogg, and The Science of Power, by Benjamin Kidd, even went so far as to implicate Darwinian theory as the cause of World War I . The anti-evolution movement made headway in some of the southern state’s legislature. In 1924 William J. Bryan was invited to speak in Nashville, Tennessee. Bryans speech against evolution was well received by those in attendance, and…

    Words: 1851 - Pages: 8
  • Individualism And Individuality In The 1920s

    The 1920’s were a time when American culture exploded and ultimately transformed America from a young country to a world power. The American values of individualism and democracy were neither completely enhanced or diminished by modernity because while many strides were made to improve these qualities, the pre-World War I sentiment of reform was destroyed. All of the destruction caused by World War I scared the American people enough to halt the era of reformation and actually did diminish…

    Words: 1123 - Pages: 5
  • In My Linguistic And Discourse Analysis

    When I registered for the course, I was in the process of signing up for classes I had to take. I didn’t have a choice in most of them, so I didn’t do much research into what each lesson plan held. However, during our first day, I was pleasantly surprised by the goal of the class – learning about literary criticism and, more importantly, the theories that went along with it. I felt confident because I already had experience in these fields, and this class would just throw me into the deep end of…

    Words: 1572 - Pages: 7
  • Expectations And Standards In Margie Piercy's Barbie Doll

    Expectations and standards for women in society are unrealistic and outrageous. These thoughts of what a woman should be like and how they should behave have been around for centuries. Woman are often times looked down upon when they don’t look like how society tells them to and this can cause a number of things to go wrong in their self image and life. Unfortunately these high expectations have had an extremely negative impact on females. In Margie Piercy’s poem “Barbie Doll” she discusses the…

    Words: 902 - Pages: 4
  • The Effects Of The Scopes Monkey Trial

    The Scopes trial was the case against John Scopes, a biology teacher in Dayton Tennessee. Scopes was charged for defying Tennessee's newly placed Butler Act. This case is what catapulted the dispute of creationism versus evolution and how it should be taught in schools. The outcome of this 1925 trial affected the rest of the 19th century extensively, however as the 20th century neared, the effect became less prevalent. John Scopes was a local biology teacher and was arrested for teaching…

    Words: 1640 - Pages: 7
  • Feminism Vs Postmodernism Essay

    these “two leading currents of our time” (17) did not begin with the debate that ultimately became Feminist Contentions, this work highlights many of the issues critics and proponents have between them. What is Postmodernism to begin with? What can Feminism hope to glean from it? Does Postmodernism really advocate for an erasure of women’s identity and her-story? Can Feminism retain its cherished projects and political achievements while attaching itself to such supposed ‘nihilism’? With this…

    Words: 1574 - Pages: 7
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