Ibn al-Nafis

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    The Medical Renaissance: The Cardiovascular System Medical care today is something whose history and presence we take for granted. It is sterile, highly regulated, and only exercised by trained, experienced professionals. However, before and during the Middle Ages, medical care was almost nonexistent—due in large part to our lack of knowledge, or lack of correct knowledge, of how the human body functioned. Almost all of our understandings of the human body had been from Galen in Ancient Greece’s theories, but they were not very accurate or detailed (Rogers 14-15). It wasn’t until during the Renaissance period (1400s to 1700s) that many European scholars (Leonardo da Vinci, William Harvey, etc.) realized that medical care needed to change, but when they began “to seek out the original texts by Galen, to check translations and to see whether there was even more they could learn from the greatest of all doctors” (Dawson 9), they realized that Galen was wrong. They started to study the human body and soon began to understand the complicated physiology that they previously had incorrect information on, and because of this, they also discovered countless new attributes of anatomy that they hadn’t known before. One of the biggest discoveries these scholars made was of the cardiovascular system, and when they began understanding it more thoroughly, they were able to radically alter and rectify medical care and its effectiveness. Before the 1400s, people knew very little…

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    Medicine Walk by Richard Wagamese is a novel of tremendous pain and healing. The title in itself gives readers the opportunity to ponder the true meaning of the “Medicine”, and to come to the realization that the author is not talking about medicine in solely the physical sense of the word. Wagamese also brings the perspective of a journey into the title through the use of the verb “Walk”. After analysing the true meaning of the title, readers can begin to look at how the medicine is working to…

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    Mansa’s pilgrimage to Mecca caught the attention of Europe. They had noticed his flamboyant lifestyle while he was taking his journey and it made them realize how extravagant Mansa and his empire in Africa was. Mansa’s journey was so widely noticed that people have created visual representations, or maps, of his journey to Mecca. For the next two centuries Italian, German, and Spanish cartographers produced maps of the world which showed Mali and which often referenced Mansa Musa. The first of…

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    Which shows that the Islamic faith did indeed spread into various regions, along with the trade of merchandise. Ibn Battuta travels mid-thirteenth century as a religious seeker with the company of merchants’ journeying to Mali, an Islamic powered country governed by Mansa Sulayman. Being in Walata, Battuta is shocked to see that men and women can have affairs without anyone getting jealous, and are shameless of this practice. The women are more respectable than men, and do not veil themselves.…

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    scientific experimentations was first introduced by the Greeks in the 2nd century. In the article Scutti says, “Early Greek physician-scientists performed experiments on living animals. They conducted experiments in the areas of anatomy, physiology, pathology, and pharmacology” (Scutti). The Greeks examined sensory nerves, motor nerves, and tendons in order to better understand their functional differences. With animal testing they were able to identify the best instruments to use during…

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    that can replace animal testing. Including QSARs, which are a computer-based technique that estimates a substances likelihood of being hazardous. They do this based on its similarity to existing substances along with our knowledge of human biology. Lastly human volunteers have also been used in the place of animal tests. They use a method called “microdosing”. They give volunteers an extremely small one-time drug dose, the drug is then monitored by imaging techniques. Alternative…

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    Ibn Battuta Research Paper

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    Ibn Battuta was a Muslim scholar who travelled the known world in the fourteenth century. The son of a qadi, or Muslim judge, he was born in Tangier, Morocco, to a wealthy family of scholars. At the age of 22, having finished his education, Ibn Battuta went on a pilgrimage to Mecca in the year 1325. After reaching Mecca, he decided to continue travelling, which he did for the next 29 years of his life. During these years, Ibn Battuta met many rulers and held important positions in foreign lands.…

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    While it is easy for one to give up on their goals and move on, one can truly show strength by conquering the various challenges on their way to success. Homer’s, The Odyssey, is able to depict how persistence can lead to fulfillment. Homer’s purpose in the epic poem The Odyssey is to show society that though there are setbacks in life, one can overcome them with perseverance by employing katabasis by emphasize the various struggles Odysseus faces. Homer utilizes katabasis initially to…

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    Being one of the greatest cities of West Africa, Mali made a lasting on the Silk Road with their history, geography and trade. There were more differences than similarities between the two. Things such as geography are obviously different but there is more to it like history and trading. The Silk Road started at 200 bc while Mali was founded before 1000 ad. The Silk Road traded slaves, spices, cloth, and other goods. Mali traded gold mainly but other goods as well. A clear difference is, the…

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    Gulliver's Travels Summary

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    Gulliver’s Travels Book Review Gulliver’s Travels Jonathan Swift 322 pages Published in 1726 Genre: fantasy and satire. Gulliver’s Travels contains four books. The first book shows Lemuel Gulliver’s journey after he was separated from his crew when his boat was destroyed. He landed on Lilliput. This island was full of people who were only six inches tall. He passed out on the shore of the island once he landed, and he woke up to find himself tied down to the ground. The people were…

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