Hospital-acquired pneumonia

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  • Innate Vs Adaptive Immunity Case Study

    Describe the process of normal breathing beginning with the brain. Explain how a condition such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can interfere with the normal process of respiration. Breathing occurs subconsciously without one being aware of its different steps: stimulation of the respiratory control centers in your brain, inhalation, gas exchange, and exhalation. The medulla oblongata controls the body when to breathe. During the ventilation, process the phrenic nerve sends a…

    Words: 795 - Pages: 4
  • C Diff Case Studies

    A 51 year old Hispanic woman was readmitted for the fifth time, with nausea, vomiting, diffuse abdominal pain and diarrhea. During her initial presentation, she was diagnosed with Clostridium difficle colitis (C diff) and during the subsequent admissions, she remained positive for C diff and is currently on a vancomycin taper for treatment of recurrent C diff. Over the past several admissions, she was found to have bacteremia with organisms such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Eubacterium lentum,…

    Words: 369 - Pages: 2
  • Esbl Case Studies

    tachycardia, malaise, inability to eat or lethargy, but those with asymptomatic bacteraemia tend to appearance of no obvious signs of infection. Deaths happened as result of pediatric septicemia are likely to be greater in low-income settings. In hospital setting, the ratio of septic infections due to gram-negative bacteria (GNB) ranges between 30% and 80% where infections because of gram-positive bacteria ranges between 6% and 24%. Rapid diagnosis and effective treatment is essential to prevent…

    Words: 362 - Pages: 2
  • Methotrexate Case Study

    A 36-year-old female presents to her physician with a 3-month history of joint pains. The pain is mostly in the joints of her wrists and hands up to the middle interphalangeal joints. The patient says that the pain is worse in the morning, but improves through the day as she uses her hands. On examination, the joints are red, swollen, and tender. Anticyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies are positive. The patient is started on low-dose methotrexate with good results. The patient is followed by…

    Words: 494 - Pages: 2
  • Essay On Mechanical Ventilation

    Mechanical ventilation is required in up to 50% of all critically ill patients during their hospital course. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia that develops 48 hours after a patient has been placed on mechanical ventilation. It is most commonly caused by bacterial infections including fungi and viral epidemics and it is usually found in the sterile lower respiratory tract. Early diagnosis and the appropriate use of antibiotics will help to avoid the emergence of…

    Words: 605 - Pages: 3
  • Strongyloides Stercoralis Case Study

    Background Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted helminth that penetrates the skin as a method of infection. This parasitic worm gains nutrients and shelter from its host, while causing malnourishment or harm to the diseased. The infective filariform penetrates the skin from infected soil and migrates to the lungs through the blood stream. In order to mature the filariform larvae are coughed up and swallowed to develop into adults in the intestines. The diagnostic stage is the…

    Words: 623 - Pages: 3
  • Describe How To Get Relief From A Sinus Essay

    A stuffy nose, sore throat and pain around your face and eyes can all mean that your common cold has turned into a miserable sinus infection. A sinus infection, which is also known as sinusitis, occurs when the normally hollow sinuses become blocked with mucus, causing bacteria to build up inside of them. The next time you feel your sinuses begin to swell during a cold or flu, don't head for the doctor or medicine cabinet just yet. Try one of these three effective, at-home ways to get relief…

    Words: 455 - Pages: 2
  • Kratom Powder Case Study

    Kratom acquired “via the Internet (www.thai-kratom)” for two weeks (Kapp et al., 2011, para. 3). On the second day after having quit taking the Kratom powder the man began experiencing subjective fever and chills. Restlessness and insomnia was also reported by the patient, possibly signalling dependence and withdrawal. On day five he developed mild abdominal pains. These pains grew in intensity on day eight, accompanied by a brown discoloration of his urine. Upon admittance to the hospital,…

    Words: 668 - Pages: 3
  • Research Paper On Zoonotic Disease

    A zoonotic disease is a disease that can be passed from person to animal and animal to person. There are many zoonotic diseases including one called ancylostomiasis which is commonly called hookworm. Hookworm is a common parasitic disease that is most commonly found in mammals including humans. Although humans can get hookworm mammals are the main carriers and and the main reason of transmission. Hookworm is passed to humans from an animal through soil. After an infected animal defecates in soil…

    Words: 584 - Pages: 3
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome Case Study

    TERMINOLOGY CLINICAL CLARIFICATION • Acute respiratory distress syndrome {ARDS) is a condition of dysfunctional gas exchange {i.e., pulmonary interstitial and alveolar edema progressing to advanced fibrosis) that is characterized by acute onset, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, severe hypoxia, the absence of evidence of left atrial hypertension, and a significant risk of mortality.25 DIAGNOSIS CLINICAL PRESENTATION • History o The patient may be in present with complaints of acute dyspnea and…

    Words: 1624 - Pages: 6
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