Hemoglobin

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    According to “Essentials of Pathophysiology” by Carol Porth, “sickle cell disease is an inherited disorder in which abnormal hemoglobin (hemoglobin S [HbS]) leads to chronic hemolytic anemia, pain, and organ failure”. The recessive gene is inherited and appears as the sickle cell trait if heterozygous or sickle cell disease if homozygous with two HbS genes. The amount of hemoglobin that is affected by the gene depends on if they are heterozygous or homozygous, and therefore affects the gravity…

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    throughout families. Sickle cell affects the red blood cells, which cause the blood cells to look like a crescent moon instead of looking like a disc, like the photo included above. There are two types of Sickle cell: Sickle Cell Anemia and Sickle Cell- Hemoglobin C. Sickle Cell Anemia is the less severe one out of the two. Sickle Cell Anemia affects many racial and ethnic groups. One in four hundred African-American newborns have this disease in the United States. African- Americans are not…

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    1910 was the first to distinguish the “pelicular elongated and sickle shaped” platelets (Vasaikar, 2015). While in 1949 sickle cell was identified as an autosomal recessive genetic inheritance, which found a single amino acid substitution in the hemoglobin molecule, a mutation in the sixth residue of B-globin chain (Colah, 2015); basically within the sequences valine is substituted for glutamic…

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    Anemic Anemi A Case Study

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    level of hemoglobin (Porth, 2011). Hemoglobin, or HGB, is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to organs and tissues throughout the body. Hematocrit, or HCT, is the volume of cells in 100 mL of blood (Porth, 2011). HGB and HCT levels can indicate the severity of the anemia. Mean corpuscular volume, or MCV, tells us the average size of the red blood cells. In this patient’s case, her MCV value indicates microcytic anemia as the level is lower than normal. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin…

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    history of chronic blood loss such as menorrhagia can develop iron deficiency anemia because so much iron is loss every month through heavy bleeding. Iron deficiency anemia can be corrected by taking iron supplement which can be started now. If the hemoglobin continues to drop, blood transfusion may be recommended for those who would accept it. Ms. A. has been dealing with menorrhagia for the past 10-12 years, which makes it a chronic…

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    More than 70,000 people in the United States have been affected with Sickle Cell Anemia. Sickle Cell disease is a genetic disorder that affects the red blood cells. The symtopms of the disease was first seen in 1904. The normal doughnut shape of the red blood cells become sickled making it difficult for these cells to transport oxygen throughout the body causing blockages resulting in extreme pain during a crisis. This diseases tends to affect african americans more than any other race, but…

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    Lab Report Into Thin Air

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    direct pulmonary response to a decrease of air pressure and oxygen entering the body is an increase in heart and breathing rate. The heart needs to pump harder to makeup for the decrease of oxygen. This response results in a lack of oxygen binding to hemoglobin in the blood because red blood cells have a high affinity for binding to oxygen. Less oxygen to enter other cells will cause a decrease in energy leading to the symptoms that both Mark and Emily are experiencing. 2,3-DPG helps decrease…

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    Sickle cell disease is a form of hemolytic anemia that is inherited; being caused by an abnormal hemoglobin molecule. There are several forms of SCD but the most severe is simply called sickle cell anemia; the dysfunctional hemoglobin molecule, called hemoglobin S (Hb S), assumes an unusual shape when it is subject to deoxygenation or dehydration (McCance & Huether, 2014). In a normal person, all hemoglobin molecules are shaped like…

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    blood cells (RBCs) are lower than the normal in the blood. The function of red blood cells is to carry oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide from the body. Another reason when an individual have anemia, if RBCs does not have sufficient amount of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that binds with oxygen and supply oxygen from the lungs to the whole body (National Heart, Lungs, and Blood Institute, 2014). Due to insufficient amount of iron, the blood…

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    most normal hemoglobin levels possible is to take B-12 vitamins. In harsh and accelerated forms of Anemia, blood transfusions may be needed. If a highly Anemic person is in need of some type of surgery, it is more than likely that, the person may need a transfusion. Also, new studies have shown that getting transfusions regularly can adequately and quickly solve the problem Anemia presents. Within weeks a highly Anemic person can be feeling and experiencing normal levels of hemoglobin which…

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