Gottlob Frege

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    context is being blocked (Hurford et al 2007: 57). Hurford et al (2007) argued that opaque context seems to include verbs such as want, believe, think and wander about. Another example of opaque context is the in following sentence Sam believes that.... shot the man. This is a strong example of opaque context because the referent is not clear so it cannot be interpreted as a referring expression. This type of referent is described as specific because Sam is obviously a specific person and the man is known to the speaker as he is described only as the man, the larger context of the expression marks it as specific not the expression itself. Sense is a concept in linguistics that is closely related to reference. ‘The German philosopher Gottlob Frege most influentially demonstrated the importance of the sense/reference distinction’ (Hurford et al: 2007). The distinction between sense and reference is important because sense looks is trickier to understand. ‘The sense of an expression is its place in a system of semantic relationships with other relationships in the language’ (Hurford et al. 2010: 29). An example of sense in a sentence is This student graduated from university last year another example is This student left university last year. Although both have the same meaning, the latter sentence can result in a different image coming to mind. Furthermore, Hurford et al (2007) argued that ‘...When a person understands fully what is said to him, it is reasonable to say that he…

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    Beethoven Accomplishments

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    precious date. He was born in a city of ten thousand of people called Bonn in Germany. Both his grandfather and his father are musicians and his father, Johann, had a singing job at the court and also teach piano and violin to others privately to get enough money to keep the family comfortable. Ludwig van Beethoven grew up in a not very happy family because of his father being a drinker. He had started learning how to play the piano as soon as he can reach the keyboard. Beethoven was pulled up…

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    In On Sense and Reference, Gottlob Frege analyzes the concept of identity statements. He aims to figure out what kind of relation equality is and solve an apparent puzzle that results from identity statements. Frege defines and uses the notions of sense and reference to explain the differences two types of identity claims, “a=a” and “a=b.” In this paper I will explain Frege’s puzzle and its application to identity statements and propositional attitude ascriptions. I will then give Frege’s…

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    Using this mechanism, St. Anselm identified other properties that are intrinsic to the nature of a supremely great being. This being must be ultimately just. This being must be ultimately good. This being must be eternal. Anselm goes on further, using the ontological argument to generate many other properties of the supremely perfect being ' ' '. The claim that existence can be a property of a supremely great being has been heavily disputed. Philosophers such as Aristotle. Bertrand Russel,…

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    The world of semantics is dominated by two types of naming theories: descriptivist and causal. Defenders of these two theories seem to discredit each other, thinking the world of semantics must choose one or the other. I, however, do not believe this has to be the case. In this essay I will argue that parts of descriptivist and causal theories of names can come together to create a better overall theory of names: a hybrid theory. I will do this by looking at the argument Gareth Evans makes in…

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