Georges Bataille

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    Prenatal Genetic Testing: A Technology of Normalization Prenatal genetic testing is a technology made available to more accurately determine whether or not a child could have a birth ‘defect’. The most common birth defects tested for are Down syndrome, Trisomy 18, or an open neural tube defect (Government of Canada, 2013). This paper asserts first that prenatal genetic testing is a technology of normalization, which labels disability as abnormal and a feared outcome, and second that normalization creates unwarranted notions of human identity and happiness. To do this, I begin by providing background information on the work by Michel Foucault on biopower, disciplinary power, and normalization. The purpose of this section is to show first that these forces govern and discipline our behavior and in turn have replaced the traditional (sovereign) source of power. In the next section, I argue that prenatal genetic testing places value in a ‘normal genotype’ and that this normalization affects the ability to make autonomous decisions of all participants involved. From this, I show that prenatal genetic testing is a process of normalization, and how equating disability as a ‘genetically-related’ condition rejects the possibility to identify the power relations at work (namely biopower and disciplinary power). I also argue in this section that science produces biased views towards people with disability. In the next section, I use Nick Bostrom as an objection to my thesis. I use…

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    Introduction The purpose of this paper is to critically analyze the writing of Giorgio Agamben as it relates to the course theme in regard to the placement of the body in contemporary social theory. More specifically this paper will address Agamben’s writing of Sovereign Power and Bare Life and the distinction between the natural being and the legal existence of a person. First in Part I, I will provide a summary of Sovereign Power and Bare Life, and identify Agamben 's central thesis. In Part…

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    ” Will believes that “the general shortening of sentences reflects, in part, a change in nature of Inaugural Addresses.” He refers to Teddy Roosevelt who called the presidency “a bully pulpit.” Later addresses have had an incentive to tell Americans how to behave with phrases such as “The only thing we have to fear…” and “Ask not…” A more popular phrase which was used by Kennedy and Nixon was “Let us…,” which according to Will means, “For Pete’s sake, pull up your socks and shape up.” The…

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    Ruin A Child Analysis

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    How to ruin a child In the article it’s told that “the theory that praise, self-esteem and accomplishment increase in tandem is false” (George F. Will). Which is why some children soccer teams stopped counting goals and shower trophies on everyone, or that they even in physical education classes’ students are jump roping without rope. He says children are jumping rope without ropes because of self-esteem obsession and the list goes on, such as opening lunchboxes to find handwritten notes…

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    I had to understand why Seurat used such a difficult technique for his work. I then came upon the theory that perhaps he wanted to produce a deeper sense of life in his paintings. All things in the world are composed of millions of cells, and these cells create objects, color, and everything that practically exists. I imagine that Seurat's motive was to utilize this scientific law in his work to give an atmosphere of life, texture, and movement in the scenes that he…

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    they were known. To the British the island seemed to be a perfect staging area for the ensuing attack on Brooklyn and Manhattan. As American forces secured their positions in Massachusetts, Connecticut and Pennsylvania, Loyalist and or Tories came across the Long Island Sound. In the meantime, any rebel sympathizers living on the island had to keep this to themselves or risk being harassed or detained by British troops. General George Washington knew that from a military perspective New York…

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    Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band and The Beach Boys’ album Pet Sounds began experimenting with different types of sounds. The Beatles’ song “Within You Without You” brings the sound of a sitar. The sitar is a long string instrument that is popular in West India. George Harrison had previously played the sitar on “Norwegian Wood” from their Rubber Soul album, but “Within You Without You” took it further. The sitar was used along with traditional indian music to create a sound unlike anything The…

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    When most Americans think of those who wrote the Constitution, they think of writers and thinkers. In reality, many of the founding fathers like George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were also amazing gardeners. They loved learning about and finding new types of plants from all over the world to try to grow in plots on their vast plantations. Gardening played a major role in the U.S. Constitution and the new country of America. The new country had just fought its first war for its freedom…

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    Founding Brothers Summary

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    George Washington retirement gave the citizens of 1790s a serious threat. He was described as “The Father of the Country” since 1776 which is to say, before there was even a country.”(Ellis, 120) Washington voluntarily stepping down from office shows and reaffirmed the nation’s unique position by refusing to act as monarch and that it suggests that every President was replaceable. However, in the Farewell Address, he thrusts for national unity and independence from Europe. Ellis highlights three…

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    Since the beginning, movies have always been extremely influential on society. They can be captivating, emotional, or even historical. The Patriot is just one of the many examples of a historical film. Mel Gibson plays Benjamin Martin, a simple man of South Carolina, who joins the American Revolution when the British attempt to take his farm away from him. Benjamin and his son Gabriel rally together in a militia to protect their land from the British. This film’s historical accuracy has its…

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