Genetic drift

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    Genetic Drift Alleles

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    Genetic drift is one of the basic mechanisms of evolution in which the number of alleles of a population change over generations. It is most common in populations that have regular cycles of extinction and recolonization. This mechanisms occurs through chance alone as a result from sampling error throughout the generations. It can also lead to large changes in a population over a short period of time. Its effects are strongest in small populations, but can occur in any population of any size. Genetic drift leads to the alteration of alleles and can also result in the loss of some alleles, both beneficial and harmful. This increases the homozygosity. But because genetic drift occurs by chance, it is also called “random drift” or “random genetic…

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    Genetic Drift: Scenarios

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    Claim Scenario 1 demonstrates genetic drift. Evidence In scenario 1, 50 organisms were placed in a container to represent the parent generation. Twentyfive of the 50 organisms were marked, and 25 were unmarked (50% marked, 50% unmarked).The marks on the organisms represent a trait, the unmarked organisms don’t have that trait. After that, roughly half of the organisms in the previous container were put in container 2, these represented the organisms that survived, also known as generation 2. In…

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    Genetic drift is a mechanism of evolution that occurs by random chance rather than natural selection. In genetic drift, a population experiences a change in the frequency of a given allele, prompted by random luck rather than a need for adaptation. This differs from natural selection, in which allelic frequency is altered based on the fittest genes surviving to reproduce and the weaker genes dying off. Genetic drift tends to be a phenomenon amongst smaller populations, while natural selection…

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    Introduction In the evolution of a small population genetic drift is very effective, genetic drift is due to the random sampling of alleles in each generation. The effect of genetic drift is seen well when the population is small (Welsh 2011). The reason why genetic drift in so effective in a small population is mainly due to the smaller number of alleles to choose form when random sampling. Genetic drift is non-directional meaning that it does not only result in one outcome and can lead to an…

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    The four forces of evolution include natural selection, mutation, gene flow, and genetic drift. Natural selection is the foremost force in evolution. It states that biological traits which increase survival will become more frequent in each subsequent generation. It is the most prominent force in evolution because members of a population that inherit these traits live longer, and produce more offspring. Another force of evolution is mutation, the only cause of new genetic material. A mutation is…

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    The mechanisms of evolution are mutation, gene flow, genetic drift and natural selection. These mechanisms are based upon the changes that occur within an organism’s gene pool and how they affect those organisms and their survivability. Some of these mechanisms of evolution move quickly and affect large populations while others are slow moving and affect small populations. Not all of the evolutionary mechanisms are positive and benefit the population’s long term survival. Commonly these negative…

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    . The four forces of evolution are mutations, natural selection, genetic drift, and gene flow. Mutations are changes in genes that make us who we are today. Mutations, although they are changes in our genetic code, are most of the time harmless and essential to evolution. Mutations can be either advantageous, deleterious, or neutral depending on what the environment of the living organism is (class lecture, Wednesday). The next force of evolution is natural selection which is the idea that…

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    include changes in allele frequencies of a gene pool. The genetic make up or gene pool of the specie going through modification. While the alleles go through the change, so do the traits of the individual. There are mechanisms that are responsible for the change of alleles. The four mechanisms are mutation, gene flow, genetic drift, and natural selection. Every living thing has a different genetic make up or sequence, which can be expressed through how it looks or behaves. The differences…

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    The four forces of evolution are mutation, gene flow, genetic drift, and natural selection. Mutation is when a change happens during replication of DNA. It is when the copy of the original DNA is not replicated completely correctly. There are multiple types of mutation including substitution, deletion, duplication, insertion, nonsense mutations, missense mutation, frameshift, and repeat expansion. Another force of evolution, gene flow, also called migration is exactly that.…

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    The four forces of evolution are mutation, gene flow, genetic drift, and natural selection (Wwnorton). What I understand about mutation is that it is a random change that sometimes is good or bad. Whenever I hear the word mutation I automatically think of the X-Men because they were labeled as mutants and had random mutations happen to them. What I know about gene flow right now is that its when properties from one party flows to the other party that did not have that property. In my mind…

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