Fractional distillation

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  • Copper Sulfate Lab

    Title: Separations of a Mixture Notes: - H¬2O, Copper Sulfate, Starch - H2O (water)- liquid, solvent, boiling point: 100 C, freezing point: 0 C. - Copper Sulfate- solid, soluble, forms an aqueous solution, is a salt. - Starch- solid, macromolecule (long chain sugar), not very soluble in water at low temperatures. - When H2O, Copper Sulfate, and starch are mixed together, it forms a heterogeneous mixture. - Aqueous solution of copper sulfate with a suspension of starch. Research Question: What…

    Words: 2021 - Pages: 9
  • Importance Of Blender

    Introduction A blender generally consists of a plastic or glass pitcher that locks into a large base. Some of blenders are made of stainless steel. The lid of the pitcher has a seal that prevents the food or liquid from splashing out while the blender is in motion. The motor has varying speeds that turn either two or four sharp, stainless steel blades. The blades slice, crush and blend the contents of the pitcher..Blender is a must have kitchen equipment for nearly all families today, especially…

    Words: 1316 - Pages: 6
  • Case Study: Preparation Of Microemulsion

    3. Preparation of microemulsion:- Microemulsion was prepared by dispersing required quantity of Aripiprazole (15 mg/ml) in appropriate quantity of oil. The mixture was homogenized and to it, accurately weighed quantity of surfactant: cosurfactant blends was added in small portion with stirring. The blends were mixed thoroughly using magnetic stirrer and to it add dropwise double distilled water with continuous stirring around 10 min. compositions of ARP microemulsion shows in Table 1. 4.…

    Words: 1364 - Pages: 6
  • Curcuma Longa Case Study

    2.1 Test materials: The essential oils of Curcuma longa (Zingiberaceae) rhizomes, Pogostemon heyneanus (Lamiaceae) leaves and Zanthoxylum limonella (Rutaceae) fruits were obtained from a commercial oil extraction plant in Assam, India. DMP was supplied by High Purity chemicals, New Delhi, India while DEPA was obtained from Defence Research and Development Establishment, Gwalior, India. Four concentrations (5, 10, 20 and 30%) of the essential oils, their mixtures, DEPA and DMP were prepared in…

    Words: 1601 - Pages: 7
  • Esterification Of Benzoic Acid

    Microwave (MW) assisted Esterification of Benzoic Acid (BA) offers the advantage of transformation of energy and heating throughout the volume efficiently in a shorter period and eliminates the use of excess solvent, during the course of reaction. The present study aims to assess the conversion and selectivity for the production of methyl benzoate compounds by esterification of benzoic acid using microwave irradiation. Effects of operating parameters such as reaction time, feed composition,…

    Words: 940 - Pages: 4
  • Acceleration Lab Report

    The definition of an accelerant is a substance that accelerates the speed of fire or makes a fire more intense (Accelerant | Define Accelerant at Dictionary.com, n.d.). When forensic laboratories have debris that was collected from a crime scene they can use either the Headspace or the Vapor Concentration techniques to determine if there was an accelerant used. Both techniques use Gas Chromatography, which is separating mixtures based on their distribution between a stationary liquid phase and…

    Words: 410 - Pages: 2
  • Analysis Of Apricot

    Raw material: Two sweet varieties of Apricot (Prunus Armeniaca L.) namely Marghulam and Halman fully ripened fruits were collected from Gilgit Baltistan region in Northern Areas of Pakistan. Apricots were sun dried under open condition (26-34+4 C, RH 41-52%) for 16-19 days. The sun dried Apricots were packed in polyethylene bags containing 01Kg of dried fruit. Further The dried samples obtained were ground to a fine powder and stored at 5°C in air-tight containers prior to further analysis.…

    Words: 1299 - Pages: 6
  • Flask Synthesis Lab Report

    of ground nutmeg was transferred to the round-bottom flask (RBF) using the plastic funnel. Three milliliter of tert-butyl methyl ether and two or three boiling chips were added into the flask. The black plastic connector was used just like the distillation column with air condenser set-up. The flask was clamped to the ring stand using 3-pronged clamp. The flask was lowered into a slightly depression in the sand without touching directly to the sand. The mixture was then boiled gently at the…

    Words: 1450 - Pages: 6
  • Synthesis Of 3h From 2a-I Lab Report

    Scheme 11: Synthesis of 3h & 3i from 2a-i. Compounds: 3h : 7-Hydroxy-3-(4-methoxybenzyl)chromanone(Dihydrobonducelin) R1=OH, R2=R3=H,R4=OCH3 3i : 7-Hydroxy-3-(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)chromanone (2’-Methoxydihydrobonducellin) R1=OH,R3=H,R2=R4=OCH3 Antioxidant activity of above synthesized derivatives were studied, on that basis 3-benzylchromones with phenolic hydroxyl group (2h & 2i) showed highest activity than com-pound with methoxyl group (2e & 2g) because double bond between C2-C3 done major…

    Words: 711 - Pages: 3
  • Methylcyclohexane Research Paper

    New ultraviolet (UV) curable prepolymer, 2–hydroxy–3–[p–(1–{2–hydroxy–3–(isopro– phenylcarbonyloxypropoxy) phenyl} methylcyclohexyl) phenoxy] propyl acrylate (BISCHDA) was synthesized by the reaction of p–[1–(p–hydroxyphenyl) methylcyclohexyl] phenol with methylcyclohexanone, epoxidation with epichlorohydrin followed by addition reaction with acrylic acid. All synthesized compounds were characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. Several UV-curable formulated solutions were prepared…

    Words: 1289 - Pages: 6
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