Filariasis

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    Introduction Elephantiasis or also called Lymphatic Filariasis is a tropical parasitic disease that affects the lymph nodes and vessels. The disease was first discovered in the year of 1588 by the name of Jon Huygen Linschoten while he was exploring the Western India region. During his time, he noticed that the Indians legs were the size of elephants, where the name Elephantiasis came from. Even though the death rate is not high, but this disease is quite deadly. this paper will be discussing the causes of Elephantiasis, symptoms, and treatments. Causes The causes of this disease are from an infection of a nematode parasite called the Filarial worm. The disease from the worm is transmitted from human to human by the sting of a female mosquito when the mosquito decides to take blood. Once inside the bloodstream, the parasite grows into a full adult worm in your Lymphatic system. Once the parasite introduced to the host the infection begins. Mosquitos carry other worms such as Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori. Where the reside in the Lymphatic System and invade your bloodstream and slows down the circulation and causes the swelling. The first cause of this…

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    Onchocerciasis, or river blindness, is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) that can cause visual impairment and debilitating and disfiguring skin disease. It is the world’s second leading cause of blindness due to infection and the world’s fourth leading cause of preventable blindness. It is a parasitic disease, caused by a filarial worm, and is transmitted by repeated bites from infected blackflies. It is called river blindness because the infected blackflies breed in rapidly flowing streams;…

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    Lymphatic Filariasis is a disease to the lymphatic system and is the “leading cause to permanent disability in the world” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). The lymphatic system plays a major role to our immune system. Lymph is created from the lymphatic system which contain lymphocytes and white blood cells which as we know white blood cells are key to fighting off infections of any sort. Organs in the lymphatic system also dispose of some waste in the body. Lymph nodes are one of…

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    called lymphatic filariasis. From these 120 million people, over 40 million of them are disfigured and crippled due to the disease (World Health Organization, 2015). Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic tropical disease that is caused by microscopic threadlike worms that destroys the lymph system in the human body that may result in intense swelling (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Lymphatic filariasis is a epidemic in many countries around the world that requires treatment…

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    Taxonomy: Domain- Eukaryota , Kingdom- metazoa, Phylum- nematoda, Class-Secernentea, order-spirurida, family- filliradia, genus- Wuchereria, species- Wuchereria bancrofti The common name of Wuchereria bancrofti is filariasis worm, What does your worm look like? The Wuchereria bancrofti curls like an s at both ends . The female is longer and curls up at the end while male is shorter and also curls. What is the worms life cycle? A mosquito transfer larvae of the worm into blood stream of human…

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    Loiasis is called the African eye worm. It is caused by the parasitic worm Loa loa. This disease is transmitted by horseflies breeding in the forests of West and Central Africa. Loiasis gets its name from the well-known sign which is the visible passing of the Loa loa worm through the eye. Day to day the disease has receives little to no attention. Loiasis considered as a barrier to other disease control efforts. This is so because individuals with a large amount of Loa loa larvae in the blood…

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    Hepatitis A

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    commonly occurring after transfusion or IV drug abuse, D, which with or as a super infection with B, and E,transmitted oral fecal route usually by contaminated water. Leptospirosis is a disease that is given to humans by animals, most commonly rats. Infection is commonly acquired by bathing in contaminated water, but can also be from drinking contaminated water. Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease, which has a high potential to spread fast and cause deaths. Hookworm infection that may occur in…

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    2.1. Ivermectin in Mass drug administration (MDA): A miracle drug, or a double sword in the elimination programs Ivermectin has been used in several hundreds of millions of individuals within the onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis MDA control programs and is considered well tolerated[59]. The drug has shown good efficacy against several other parasitic infections, such as soil-transmitted helminth infections, pediculosis, and cutaneous larva migrans [87]. A reduction of the transmission of…

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    level and industrial, and because of that government don’t money on environment, they don’t have the financial capability to dispose the waste in the right healthy way, they just throw it in the water, and give the waterborne diseases to spread among all the water bodies [3]. According to the World Health Organization, waterborne diseases occupy 80% of the world diseases and behind 3.1% of the deaths that was diagnosed with different malady [3]. Such as Cholera, it can kill the patient within a…

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    both caused by hemolytic streptococcus bacteria, also Impetigo is caused by another kind of bacteria which is called staphylococcus aureus. According to Hecht (2017), there are three types of Impetigo - nonbullous, bullous and ecthyma- while Erysipelas has one type only. The former is found in the tropical areas and subtropical (Marks,n.d.). Similarly, Erysipelas is common in hot and humid weather (the international foundation for dermatology (FID), n.d.). Moreover, Hecht (2017) states that…

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