Fermi paradox

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    "The right action in any situation is the one that tends to produce the greatest possible balance of happiness over unhappiness for the greatest possible number."pg 130.It argues that the judge of one action is right or wrong, it depends on that we must look at the result that lead to the consequence of an action. People that they do not care about other factors, just because it leads to a good result, people can say that is the right thing to do. There are many different ways of thinking in…

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    Negative Utilitarianism

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    One issue with the quoted definition is that it only specifies happiness. The issue is that it omits suffering, pain, and other negative encounters. This is sometimes called “positive utilitarianism”, and can be appeared differently in relation to “negative utilitarianism”, which is all about obtaining the least suffering for the minimum number. Are either of these approaches an adequate version of the ethical theory? Should we be negative utilitarians or positive, or neither? I think these are…

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    Mill's Utilitarianism

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    Mill’s Utilitarianism is a seemingly simple yet quixotic approach to the issue of what makes a moral action. Mill believes that the goodness of a moral action depends on the amount of happiness it creates. However, critics find issue with this principle because if the end result of maximizing happiness is all that matters, unjust actions such as murder are moral as long as they maximize happiness. Despite his efforts of ameliorating this problem with his concept of justice, his use of justice…

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    John Mill Utilitarianism

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    In this situation according to Mill’s, “When given a choice between two acts, utilitarianism states that the act that should be chosen is the one that creates the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people.” The five workers have a higher utility than the one worker on the other track. According to mortality it is better to act in a way that benefits the most quantity of people, even if it causes harm to kill one to save five. Having to make a choice between who lives…

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    “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” is a short story by Ursula K. Le Guin. It was published in 1976 and is set in an ambiguous time period and location in a utopia called Omelas. This story discusses the idea of whether or not it is acceptable to destroy a small amount of people’s happiness for the good of the majority. The ethical theory behind this notion is utilitarianism: “that conduct should be directed toward promoting the greatest happiness of the greatest number of persons”…

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    Epicurean Vs Stoicism

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    We all tend to be happy in our lives. Some people compare happiness with factors like money, social status etc. while some mean satisfaction by happiness. I personally feel that it is our desires that control our happiness and these desires if controlled can lead to positive feelings like satisfaction. It has been rightly said, “Satisfaction is the death of desire.” Out of the four accounts that we covered, I would select the views of the Epicurean and the Stoic accounts for the description of…

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    Kantian Ethics

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    Is Happiness The Standard Of Value? The Kant and Mill debate regarding happiness being the standard of value, is very interesting. Kant deontological ethics focus not on the consequences of actions, but on the actions themselves. This is a little bit radical because it does not apply to every single situation. Sometimes you have to take action in order to find out the consequences of that action, otherwise you will never be able to explore new things if the action is never permissible. Some…

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    Act Vs Rule Utilitarianism

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    The search for the greatest way to reduce suffering and increase happiness has been a search that has confused and inspired philosophers all the way down to Aristotle and beyond. Each proposed a system that supposedly if implemented would create a utopia like world. One such implementation is utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is an efficient way that if implemented would accomplish its goal. However, it is brutal, enable the act of racism, and does not take into account the feelings of minorities.…

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    (Some) issues that arose from the full implementation of utilitarian principles to society were (many things) I couldn’t imagine to be real issues in our current society. The issue of very high suicide rates (58) was talked about but Gregory didn’t seem too concerned with this issue because the suicide rates, in other words, can benefit the society because the overall sum of happiness is greater. While I suppose this may be true, I wouldn’t think high suicide rates are a good thing just because…

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    Mill aims to show that happiness is the only thing that humans ever desire. He acknowledges, though, that humans desire virtue just as authentically as we desire happiness, although less frequently than we desire happiness. This appears to reveal a problem with the kind of utilitarianism that Mill is presenting. If humans desire virtue and if virtue is something other than happiness, then happiness is not the sole object of human desire. Mill attempts to solve this problem by considering virtue…

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