Eyewitness testimony

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    Brenton Butler Case Study

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    Penrod and Brian L. Cutler, eyewitness identification was tested to find the most reliable effects on eyewitness performance. The studies that they performed indicated that jurors ' evaluations of identification evidence are heavily influenced by the confidence of the eyewitness. Unfortunately, in this case and in many other cases, the confidence of the eyewitness did not matter because he still identified the wrong man. The correlation between confidence and accurate eyewitness identification…

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    Memory plays significant role in eyewitness identification by retrieving the correct information, its performance should be sound, reliable and accurate for eyewitness line-up identification . There is a big difference between reliable memory and unreliable memory. Reliable memory however, is the consistency and justice, thus; accuracy in recalling coding/ decoding the right event from the past, and accurately identifying the right suspect as he / she ’s the right offender with…

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    An eyewitness is a person who saw something happens, such as, a crime or accident. Eyewitness therefore plays an important role in a criminal trial. The court hence summons eyewitnesses to testify. Eyewitnesses are people who happen to be at the scene during the commission of a crime as previously mentioned. Eyewitness may therefore have a memory of the incident. Eyewitness may as well be able to describe the details of the occurrence. Eyewitness may testify about physical and emotional…

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    causes of wrongful convictions. Some of the factors include: eyewitness error, plea bargains, government misconduct, and defective or junk science. These are just a few of the causes of erroneous convictions. This paper will closely examine these causes and why they continue to be the leading factors in unjust convictions. Many people are victims of erroneous convictions because of eyewitness error.…

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    later that year. Cotton was later found guilty of both accounts of rape and received a life sentence plus fifty-four years in prison. Elizabeth Thompson, the female victim who identified Cotton as the attacker, provided a compelling and confident testimony during the trial and definitely impacted the juror’s decision in ruling Cotton as guilty. Though, in actuality, Cotton was one-hundred…

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    These factors can influence your eyewitness testimony and cause the accuracy in your recall of the event do be substantially lower than in a less stressful situation (Matlin, 2012). Our memory is not set in stone as you may believe. It is subject to personal interpretation which has weighing effects…

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    Abstract Eyewitness misidentification is one of the leading causes of wrongful conviction. The correlation between confidence and memory, effects of stress on memory, and the accuracy of identification have been proven to be false. Research studies indicate that misinterpretation can occur in one of three stages of the memory process acquisition, retention, and retrieval which are not exempt to that of an eyewitness. This paper will speak on the validity of eyewitness testimonies in the…

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    Both are linked to mishaps in eyewitness testimonies. Memories are contents that one is able to recall, however, memories can be false. The misinformation effect occurs when someone is given misleading information. This is commonly found in eyewitness testimonies because the phrasing of questions asked may contain misleading words. An example of the car accident was provided to demonstrate the misinformation…

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    Essay On Explicit Memory

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    During your lifetime there are many events that are memorable and influential. Individuals all have a basic memory processor including encoding, storage and retrieval. There are also those times in life when you behave in a not so admirable way and wish you could go back and change some of those actions and thoughts. In endeavoring to search for who we are, one will also discover the need to affiliate with other or place before they believe in themselves; this is evident in individual’s explicit…

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    people were to examine eyewitness reports for a case, they will realize that these reports may be similar to each other, but none of them are the same. Throughout the era, eyewitness experts have been conducting researches to uncover the reasons that led to these differences, and they have identified that sex is an important factor causing the variations in people’s eyewitness reports. Between the 1920s to 1970s, numerous studies have been conducted on the impact of sex on eyewitness abilities,…

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