Eyewitness testimony

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    asserted that “perception is a constructive representation of reality”. What it means is that we conceive memories with biases and based on our experiences. We are not viewing the world as it is, but the way our brain is designed. In the reading, “Eyewitness Testimony and Memory Bias”, Laney and Loftus, supports this thesis by commenting on that people make mistakes in their memories by mixing up details and places across time and “because many aspects of our everyday lives are full of…

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    Eyewitness testimonies and 3D art are alike because they both allow you to view an object from different perceptions. At a certain angle, it can appear like you’re standing on the top of an apple stem, a trophy, or on stilts. When viewing 3D pavement art people see a distinctive picture from different angles. In correlation to false memories, 3D art makes you see things that aren’t actually there. In 2018, Hill illustrated a drawing that can be perceived as a cliff in the middle of a pavement if…

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    The effect of leading questions is one of the influential points of affecting eyewitness testimony. According to Howard, John and Robert (1982) conducted a study which is misled subjects are less to give an accurate eyewitness reports than subjects. Three hundred and thirty-one undergraduate psychology students at the university, they participated in the experiment. The students ran in groups ranging in size from 15 to 30. At the beginning of this experiment, students would be asked…

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    Collectively, the highlighted negative influences on eyewitness testimony can lead to false memories about the event and in turn, false convictions. The Lockerbie bombing case is just one of countless cases presenting significant cause for doubt that there has been a miscarriage of justice (BBC News., 2002). Particularly in this case, eyewitness testimony was the predominant reason for incarceration. Gauci, (the eyewitness in this case), was exposed to multiple visuals of Al-Megrahi, (the…

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    reliability of the minds cognitive processes is memory. Memory is a very significant part of eye-witness testimony (EWT) which is a statement given by people that were either involved in an event or witnessed the event. EWT is vital in the criminal justice system as a way of testifying in criminal trials and relies solely on the accuracy of the person’s memory. Therefore, it is a very important that the testimony is reliable as it often has the power to determine one’s future. Before recent…

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    courts require eyewitness testimony from people at to scene of the crime to help convict the person being tried. However, most trials don’t happen immediately after the crime and it could take up to a year or even longer. That could lead to many inaccuracies in those testimonies because “the content of our memories can easily change over time” (Chabris and Simons). In a situation where if too much of the memories change over the long wait for the trial, the eyewitness testimonies might have…

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    The film Twelve Angry Men (1957) exhibited the power of an eyewitness, the characteristics of the defendant, and the power of group influence that affects the jury. Throughout the film, the reliability of the eyewitness was questioned. There were two eyewitnesses in the movie, the old man, who lives in the apartment below of the crime scene, and the old woman, who lives across the street. According to the film, there is a possibility that the eyewitnesses misinformed the jury about the crime…

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    Witness Testimony Analysis

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    Witness testimonies are often unreliable due to the nature of human memory. For this discussion, 'testimony ' will be used loosely to represent a statement, written or spoken, made by any person claiming to have seen or experienced anything relating to their respective case. The chosen scope for this discussion is cases of sexual assault because very often in such cases the only evidence presented is a testimony, either by the victim or a witness. Aside from the aforementioned, DNA evidence has…

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    When one thinks of memory, they usually think of past events that happened or something that they had learned. Although one can recall certain memories, can they recall every single detail? This semester, we were asked to recall the events of a day that happened six weeks prior to the beginning of class. While some students could explain some details of what they had done that day, not all could be certain. Details may not seem to be that important when telling a story from a childhood…

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    Both victims and witnesses are important players in international criminal proceedings. Historically, victims were not involved in the criminal justice process. Victim participation has to be limited and restricted in regards to investigation and prosecution. Impact statements now exist in the United States, which grants either immediate victims or victims of the family the ability to speak before the jury, the judge, or the convicted defendant. They are able to express themselves; giving them…

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