Eukaryote

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    Sexual reproduction is a type of reproduction in which two different cells combine, which create an offspring. When two cells called the egg for female, and sperm for male, combine and join together they create a new organism called a zygote. During meiosis, one diploid cell divides and makes four haploid sex cells. Meiosis has two divisions of the cytoplasm and the nucleus, the divisions are called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Reproductive cells go through interphase before meiosis. “ A…

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    heterotrophic cells are able to consume its own food instead of relying on the sunlight allowing them to consume nutrients any time of the day whether there is light available or not. This allows the heterotrophs whether they are prokaryotes or eukaryotes to be more diverse and survive through many…

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    Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the Kingdom Plantae (Plant, 2018). Kingdoms are the main divisions which scientists use to classify all living things on Earth. Biologists have discovered 500 000 species of plants, of which 250 000 are angiosperms and are dominant in plant study (Encyclopedia, n.d.). Seeds are a small embryonic plant, which is enclosed in a small covering, called a seed coat, with stored food inside until they can obtain their energy…

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    Mitochondria Lab Report

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    Introduction: - Mitochondria is a double membrane organelle that is found in all eukaryotic organism. There are some evidences that proves that some of the eukaryotic organism lack this organelle but there is no true evidence which says that this specific organism completely lacks mitochondria. Mitochondria is also known as a power house of the living body cell. It stores energies in the cell and releases when its needed. Every organelle in Mitochondria have their own specific roles which helps…

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    Ribosomes Essay

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    They are made within the nucleolus from 60% RNA and 40% protein, and consist of two subunits, one large and one small. When produced, the subunits stay separate to exit through the nuclear pores: it is only because of their miniscule size that they can fit through. Many ribosomes then bind themselves to the RER, although some stay free in the cytoplasm. Free and bound ribosomes both create polypeptide chains, which are used to make proteins. To create a polypeptide chain the large and small…

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    So there is definitely and qualitative and quantitative in size difference. Eukaryotes have a nucleus membrane bound that bacteria doesn’t. So the difference in general between bacteria and eukaryotes is that genetic information is formed in protein and is converted into organization, function and cellular structure. Eukaryotes also have a replication of machinery that is found in bacteria but are more complex and larger. The phase of replication has…

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    Prokaryotes There are two types of organisms based cell types: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic. Prokaryotic cells are divided into two parts: Bacteria and Archaea. Prokaryotes are much smaller than eukaryotes. Prokaryotes contain a single loop of chromosomal DNA which is stored in nucleoid. Eukaryotes DNA is found on tightly bound and organised chromosomes. Genetic expression is the process where genotypes coded in the genes are displayed by the phenotypes of the individuals. The DNA is then copied…

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    A genotype is known as the complete genetic makeup of a given organism. Consequently, a genotype is the one responsible for the phenotype of an individual. In eukaryotes, a single genotype is capable of expressing more than one phenotype (observable characteristics). This possibility is because genes can go through lots of differentiation processes like mutation, changes in gene expression and frequency. So, mutations play a significant role in variation. For example, DNA can be affected by the…

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    of prokaryotes to form multicellular organisms.” This is compared to the internal skeleton strucutre of Eukaryotes, where “it is formed by a complex of protein tubules called the cytoskeleton.” (K S Kabnick and D A Peattie, 1991.) This difference in structure gives a pliable membrane to the cell rather than a rigid cell wall. This increases mobility of many Eukaryotes which is essential for the specific function within organisms, for instance, muscles cells need to have the…

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    Paramecia, unicellular cilliated protozoa, usually are ovoid and elongated. They widespread in brackish environments and freshwater. Length of the species are various ranging from 50 micrometers to 330 micrometers. They feed on yeasts, algae, and small protozoa which are captured by them through phagocytosis, devouring a particle by “wrapping pseudopodia around it and packaging it within a food vacuole” (Campbell and Reece 2011). They also serve as the models for the study of basic biological…

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