Episodic memory

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    complex worldly knowledge. Schematic knowledge integrates previous semantic and episodic knowledge and guides future behavior. A study by Grymas and colleagues shows that when individuals anticipate a future event, they do so through previous episodic and semantic memory.…

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    These regions have been implicated in episodic memory (EM), memories for events related to one’s personal past (Buckner et al., 2005), and mental simulation for the future (Addis, Wong, & Schacter, 2007; Hassabis, Kumaran, & Maguire, 2007). Episodic future thinking (EFT) refers to the ability to envision oneself in a future or imagined scene that one has yet to experience (Hassabis et al., 2007). Due to similar neuronal activations in EM and EFT, the episodic simulation hypothesis (ESH) was…

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    Introduction Long-term memory (LTM) consists of two categories namely episodic memory (EM) and semantic memory (SM). SM is the general knowledge that we understand about the world around us, such as facts, beliefs or concepts, devoid of autobiographical details. Cases of organic amnesia assist us in understanding how memory functions, though it is well established that EM and SM are separate systems within LTM (Tulving, 1972). It is less well established if SM can be divided into functionally…

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    Flashbulb memories (FBMs) can be defined as episodic memories and recollections of autobiographical events that are formed when an individual experiences intense emotions generating from a surprising public event. FBMs are referred to as special memories that are cognitively processed and stored as explicit recollections and are vivid, long lasting and consistent remembrances retained throughout life. (Goldstein, 2014). This phenomenon was first proposed by Brown & Kulik (1977) whereby they…

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    If Jane 's language was developing normally, at nine months, she would be babbling. Her babbling would become more complex and more varied as it progresses. As her babbling progresses, instead of only uttering consonant or vowel sounds, she 'll put vowels and consonant to say "mama " or "dada," for example. As she gets even older, this string of vowel and consonant sounds will become varied in pitch (intonation). Intonation is an important characteristic of regular conversation. Because of Jane…

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    (2010) research argued that methodology in measuring different genders can influence the amount of information participants are recalling from their earlier childhood memories. Peterson et al. (2010) argued that many of the differences that researchers observe in studies are from how females and males recall their early childhood memories, which is by the administration of a written questionnaires. Furthermore, Peterson et al. (2010 administered oral individual interviews to half of the…

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    Memory is the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information; something remembered from the past; a recollection. It is the human ability to encode, store, retain, and subsequently remember information and past encounters. Memory is also the sum total of what we remember. Everyone’s memory is slightly different. (Human-memory.net, 2010) Memory can be effected by things such as illness, age, and accidents but does gender effect human memory? Memory is a function of many sections of…

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    have never been able to predict. Furthermore, the treacherous journey of life events, I finally have an understanding on life, and what I expect in the future. Childhood My childhood brought myself some of my first memories, even though I don’t recall too many specific details, as my memory of such specific events has decayed. (p. 204) However, I did start to realize who I was and what separated the others from myself. I moved to DeWitt when I was 5, and quickly got enrolled in the DeWitt…

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    and memory, specifically the effects that sleep has on memory. Throughout every article the research shows that sleep is found to improve memory. However, the question is what kind of memory is supported by sleep and what type of sleep is best for improving memory. In the articles, research studies show the effects and ask what type of sleep is best for memory, and what memory is most positively influenced. The conclusion is that as sleep progresses into slow wave sleep, the outcome on memory is…

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    Halle Pietro 11/11/16 Memory Essay Psy101-092WB The mind is a very mysterious process that researchers and doctors still do not completely understand. It is a giant complex command center that is capable of knowing everything because of all that it is exposed to. In memory video 1, they discuss “The Mind Hidden and Divided”. The video is an overview of Sigmund Freud’s research and how certain events and experiences originating in the subconscious understanding of our conscious lives. The topics…

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