Enzymes

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  • Enzymes

    Schaffer Intro: Enzymes are important biological molecules that help catalyze numerous reactions in the body. They are an arrangement of proteins designed to serve very specific roles. Enzymes contain active sites that substrates bind to. The enzymes then help orient those substrates so they achieve ideal reaction conditions. As a result, substrates are broken down much faster than they would on their own (Lawless 2016). Due to the fact that so many different arrangements of proteins are possible, it’s no surprise that so many reactions in the body are all able to proceed faster with the help of enzymes. In this lab, catalase was used to break down hydrogen peroxide and measure the reaction rates depending on the H2O2 concentration. The purpose of this was to see if the concentration of H2O2 affected the rate of the reaction. The hypothesis tested was that larger substrate concentrations should result in…

    Words: 815 - Pages: 4
  • Enzyme Lab

    The objective of this lab was to see how enzymes were used, use the scientific method, and how enzymes are affected by temperature. Introduction Proteins which constitute enzymes in their final form are macromolecules that make up large amounts of living organism which are called polymers which are made up of many different monomers. An enzyme is a biological catalyst that increases the rate of a reaction by lowering activation energy. Activation energy that the enzyme uses id an energy barrier…

    Words: 1376 - Pages: 6
  • Synthesis Of An Enzyme

    II. Introduction An enzyme is a specific type of macromolecule known as a catalyst, that accelerates the rate of chemical reactions by taking part in the reaction without being consumed (Wilson, et al 2015). Enzymes participate in these reactions inside the cell and decrease the activation energy required to begin the reaction. These catalytic agents bind to substrates that are changed into products. A component of the enzyme that is responsible for binding to substrate or the reactant is…

    Words: 809 - Pages: 4
  • The Importance Of Enzymes

    Enzymes are found in all living organisms. They are present to speed up or accelerate a chemical reaction; referred to as a catalyst in a chemical reaction. They are essential to obtain rates to sustain life as without enzymes rates would be too slow to provide for life. Molecules at the start of the process are called substrates, the enzyme will then convert these into changed molecules which are called products, after this process the enzymes maintains the same shape. (Berg et al. 2002).…

    Words: 1572 - Pages: 6
  • The Influence Of Enzymes

    Enzymes are substances produced by living organisms that act as catalysts to reduce the activation energy required for a chemical reaction. By lowering the activation energy, enzymes speed up the chemical reaction by providing an alternative action pathway (“Enzymes”). Enzymes are required in minute amounts because they remain unchanged after a reaction has occurred, so the same enzyme molecules can be reused over and over again. Since enzymes are proteins, they have active sites that speed up…

    Words: 756 - Pages: 4
  • Potato Enzyme Experiment

    discover their effect on the enzyme catalase, taken from a cut and blended potato. The blended potato mixture was strained and put into a centrifuge, the liquid that was in the centrifuge contained the enzyme and remained on ice. The enzyme was placed in test tubes that had varying levels of pH buffers, substrate concentrations and temperatures; the pH, substrate concentration and temperature were the three variables. The data showed that each variable contained an optimum level at which the…

    Words: 700 - Pages: 3
  • Enzymes In Food Industry

    wage workers being the backbone to their industry. Enzymes are. Enzymes are biological protein catalysts that encourage chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy needed for the reaction to take place. Once the reaction is complete, enzymes are left unchanged and able to move on to the next reaction. For this reason, enzymes have proven to be valuable resources for industries. The reusability of enzymes are especially useful in food production, fabric manufacturing, and waste…

    Words: 1083 - Pages: 5
  • Enzyme Lab Report

    Introduction Enzymes, which speed up a chemical reaction without being consumed or changing the products of the reaction, are very important because they control the cellular activity of all living organisms. Enzymes are also described as being “catalysts”. In biological systems, specific enzymes catalyze particular cellular reactions. Each enzyme has a unique 3-D shape, and this shape determines which reaction it catalyzes. However, in order for a chemical reaction to move forward, an energy…

    Words: 1361 - Pages: 5
  • The Importance Of Enzyme Kinetics

    Enzymes are known as catalysts that cause reactions to occur more rapidly by lowering the reaction’s activation energy. A reaction’s activation energy is known as the minimum amount of energy required to get a chemical reaction started1. In order for cells to efficiently manage thousands of different chemical reactions, they make use of biological catalysts. Without these catalysts, biological reactions would not be able to proceed at a proper rate necessary to maintain life. Most, but not all,…

    Words: 751 - Pages: 4
  • Enzymes Lab Report

    Introduction This experiment looks at the effects of pH, enzyme concentration, and temperature of the catalytic rate of different enzymes including alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Some of the enzymes used are involved in human digestion while others are involved in clinical tests for certain diseases (Wilson, D’Alessio, Schmitt Lavin, Keith, & BIOL 1500 Team, 2015). The ALP enzyme is used to diagnose diseases such as bone cancer, jaundice and cirrhosis of the liver. This enzyme also catalyzes the…

    Words: 1270 - Pages: 5
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