Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

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    electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) images and spectra were obtained from various samples of silica and platinum on silica. Each sample contains unique structures which were prepared by etching the surface of silica in different conditions. A scanning electron microscope is a type of electron microscope that produces images of topography and composition by scanning a sample with a focused beam of electrons. Samples can be observed in high vacuum, low vacuum, in wet conditions, or at elevated temperatures. The images in this paper were obtained by the detection of secondary electrons that were emitted by atoms excited by the primary electron beam. The primary beam scans in a raster fashion, making horizontal passes across the x-axis one at a time. This allows the detector to display the information into the image on pixel at a time in synchronized manner. The number of secondary electrons that can be detected…

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    vacancy is created and is further filled by an electron from the higher shell and thus an X-ray is emitted to balance the difference in energy between the two electrons. The detector placed on the energy dispersive spectroscope apparatus measures the number of emitted X-rays and their energies. Energy of the X-ray is characteristics of the element from which X-ray is emitted. A spectrum of the relative counts of the detected X-rays is obtained and evaluated for quantitative determinations of the…

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    electrical properties of the chosen materials. In this work, the prepared samples are studied using various techniques given below. • Powder X-ray diffraction(PXRD) • Ultraviolet –Visible spectrometry(UV) • Scanning electron microscopy(SEM) • Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy(EDS) 1.8.1 Powder XRD analysis (PXRD) The structural information of the prepared samples is examined through powder X-ray diffraction. X-ray crystallography is a tool, which is used to identify the crystal structure of…

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    England). The SEM images were observed and captured at different magnification levels. Crystallinity by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) The crystallinity of the supplied and spray-dried powder samples was determined using an X-ray powder diffractometer (PANalytical X’Pert PRO MPD PW3040/60 XRD, Netherlands) equipped with a rapid real time multi-strip X’Celerator detector Cu Kα radiation (40 kV voltage and 40 mA current) source. The powder sample was loaded in an aluminium sample holder and…

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    A hero can be classified by many things. A hero can be superman, a police officer, and even your mom, but what makes a hero. Is it someone who can fly or shoot laser beams from their eyes or someone who saves a baby from a burning building. I’ll admit some of these characteristics are far-fetched since I don’t know anyone who can fly or randomly saves babies on a normal day. All heroes, including super ones all, have something in common, they're admired for their courage or an outstanding thing…

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    Nearly all ancient societies practiced body modification through either piercingss or tattoos. These ancient practices are becoming ever more present in our modern Canadian society, especially tattoos. One writer says, “Permanent tattooing is the process of body modification by deposition of a pigment into the dermis” (Simunovic and Shinohara 525). In the past three decades, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become increasingly popular in the medical field. Magnetic resonance imaging is a…

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    Electron Microscopy Essay

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    allowing for organelles, such as mitochondria, to be seen in detail for the first time. Unlike light microscopy, TEM uses a beam of electrons, denoted as a cathode ray, to scan samples. While the traditional optical microscope is restricted in resolution by the wavelength of…

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    Project and the Opacity Project were introduced in 1983 and 1992 by Physicist Michael Seaton and a team of collaborators which included astronomers Anil Pradhan and Yan Yu. The projects came about after the interest regarding the discrepancies in investigation on the collaboration amid nuclear fusion energy that the sun’s core presents, and the atoms in each consecutive level of our star as the light attempts to outflow. “together these efforts channeled the combined expertise of dozens of…

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    doctor (MD) or doctors of osteopathic medicine (DOs) who specialize in using medical imaging techniques that help diagnose and treat diseases and injuries. The medical imaging that they use would be x-rays, CTs,…

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    The patient's examination was started on the control panel computer with PA chest examination and wall stand selected. The DR central ray (CR) was horizontal and perpendicular to the wall stand detector with a focus film distance (FFD) of 180cm (Sloane et al, 2010). An FFD of 180 cm is recommended as it reduces the magnification of the heart, and reduces the radiation dose to the patient (Campeau and Fleitz, 2010). A focused grid is inserted into the moving grid mechanism of the wall stand and…

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