Economic ideologies

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    Ideology has been described as a ‘sense of abstract, impractical or fanatical theory’, originally described as a term philosophy of mind; the current everyday use of term refers to belief system that someone holds onto. It is often associated with the work of Marx and Engels, and their assessment of society’s outlook between material conditions and relationships, better known as Marxist Ideology. (Raymond, 1985, 154-155) This Marxist ideological sense, has had tremendous influence in fields of communications, sociology and economics, but does not exist in isolation. Marxist ideology is one of a number of working concepts including: ideology as a terrain of struggle or as false consciousness. Through these different senses, ideology has been…

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    The concept of ideology seems to be a fundamental term in “Ideology and The Ideological State Apparatuses” of Louis Althusser who, taking a similar stand to that of Marx, reaffirmed the role played by ideologies in sustaining the role of the capitalist class in society through the dominant ideological apparatus that is the school. In this essay, in order to comprehend Althusser’s reasons on why the school playsvirus9v a salient role in perpetuating the “subjection to the ruling ideology” (133),…

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    Karl Marx's Ideologies

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    Ideologies, the science of ideas, were a product of the enlightenment era and pertain to philosophical ideas and beliefs of what “ought to be”. Meaning to this term, coined by Comte de Tracy during the French revolutionary period, has been an ever evolving concept. There are various ideological beliefs that differ on what the most suitable social, political, and economic structures will create the “best” societal outcome. These wide ranges of philosophies may include support for individualistic…

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    Antonio Gramsci was an Italian communist most noted for his contribution of a Marxist cultural theory. Gramsci’s idea of ‘Cultural Hegemony’ is most relevant when it comes to The Handmaid’s Tale. Cultural Hegemony is concerned with the upper class using culture to justify current economic conditions, a superstructure reinforcing an economic base. This also relates to Althusser’s idea of ‘Ideological State Apparatuses’, how the state transfers ideology to its subjects. The Gileadean government…

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    to support themselves; they should not rely on the government for help, the government should have a limited role in helping people. Conservatives tendency to oppose government programs to distribute income or change the status of individualism. Conservatism ideology believes the government should promote economic liberty, morality, and social order. Conservatism identifies with those who have traditional values and tend to oppose gay rights legislation, and legislation that allows abortion.…

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    Small, 2003, pp 447). Miller (2012) identified six major classifications of bullying: verbal, physical, material, relational, hate-motivated, and cyber. A theme within these six categories of bullying involve physical and verbal acts, as well as manipulative acts (Miller, 2012). Since the passing of the first anti-bullying law in 1999, state legislative bodies have been focused on developing, implementing, and updating anti-bullying laws. The focus of this paper will be directed at bullying,…

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    1. Classic Liberalism is the most dominant ideology that exists, plus it is the first modern ideology as well. It is an ideology that originated from a reaction against the medical society’s feudal structures. In essence liberalism is the “ideology of freedom or liberty” (Johnston, pg. 202) Governments are necessary in order to provide security within their governing body, which is why some people are willing to sacrifice a small portion of their freedom in order to be secure. During the period…

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    French Mandate In Syria

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    Syria was primarily organized by young men that sought a modern nationalist platform through the LNA in the 1930s. The fervent nationalism against the French mandate provided a conceptualization of Syria as a socialist nation through the impact of European ideology of socialist and communist movements. The Ba’ath Party of the 1940s established the roots of Syrian socialism under the leadership of men that were trained in French universities in Paris.…

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    Yet, we should assume that during political, and economic turmoil, people will have disturbed dreams and nightmares much like the current period we are in now with a recent controversial presidential election. Which, will affect numerous items including health and political attitudes on such topics. As described in Predisposed the general theme in personalities within political parties is that liberals are more creative and artistic whereas conservatives are more known to be practical and…

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    & McAuliffe 2012, p. 141). The program is designed to support the health and wellbeing of their clients through a focus on social participation, independence and their quality of life (UnitingCare Ageing 2015). Chenoweth & McAuliffe (2012) suggest that group work has therapeutical benefits for clients. The HLSP is open-ended group work with a focus on holistic health goals. Other key concepts I would like to define in this section is neoliberalism and individualism. Ife (2013, p. 183-185)…

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