Echocardiography

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    Prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis without evidence of vegetation Introduction The modified Duke criteria for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) include three major and five minor criteria. One of the major criteria is evidence of structural findings on echocardiography such as an oscillating intracardiac mass, abscess or partial dehiscence of a prosthetic valve (1-2). Less common echocardiographic findings of IE include pseudoaneurysm, fistula, or valve perforation. The American Heart Association (AHA) Valvular Heart Disease Guideline and AHA Scientific Statement list new valvular regurgitation as a major criterion (3). Valvular vegetation remains the pathologic hallmark of infective endocarditis. M-mode echocardiography, transthoracic…

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    Essay On Echocardiography

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    types of test, procedures, and exams used in the health care field. This is especially true when it comes to the cardiac field of medicine. For the purpose of this paper, the focus will be directed toward two specific test used in the cardiac field, echocardiography (transthoracic, transesophageal, and stress test) and coronary CT angiography. Both are similar in their own ways of pertaining to the heart but both are also different in ways of why they are used, the benefits of each, also the…

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    Summary: Gerhardt, a 58-year-old male, presents to the doctor’s office with a low pulse rate, often times as low as 28bpm, and a feeling of sleepiness. Patient denies dyspnea, chest pain as well as palpitations. Physical examination revealed a high pulse pressure of 70 mm Hg, mid-systolic murmur and an occasional mid-diastolic sound suggestive of structural heart abnormalities. Question: What is an echocardiogram and how is it used diagnostically? Generate: Echocardiography is a modality…

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    The heart is a hollow organ that sits in the mediastinum cavity, the heart itself is surrounded by a sack known as the pericardium. The most inner layer is the epicardium the outer layer is the parietal pericardium and in between these two layers is pericardial fluid. In a normal heart a person usually contain 30-50mL of pericardial fluid. The tough layer that surrounds the parietal layer is the fibrous pericardium. The fibrous tissue sack provides physical protection to the heart by not…

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    Pediatric Clinical Report

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    During my Pediatric clinical, I had the pleasure of assisting with the care of a nine year old female. Her primary reason for hospitalization was hyperthermia, nausea and vomiting. However, the primary reason for the hyperthermia, nausea and vomiting, was still unknown on the day of my clinical. Diabetes mellitus was the only diagnosis in her family history. The patient did not have any known diseases and the doctors following her case had ran multiple diagnostic test that did not show any…

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    heartbeats(1). In summary, heart attack or myocardial infarction is damaged of heart’s tissue, and it has several symptoms, for instance, discomfort, pressure, heaviness, and extreme weakness, anxiety. The diagnosis of the heart attack depends on the symptoms and test results, for example, Blood tests, echocardiography and Cardiac catheterization(1). The first test result to dingoes heart attack is a blood test may be drawn to measure levels of cardiac enzymes that indicate heart…

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    contribution in heart failure and cardiac arrhythmia such as ventricular tachycardia (VT), which is responsible SCD (Maron, Shen et al. 2000). Further, the majority of HCM patients have been shown to have a multiple lesions of fibrosis in the LVM (Choudhury, Mahrholdt et al. 2002). Recent studies have been observed SCD incidents in HCM patients in absence of prior symptoms (Milani, Ries et al. 1996). Clinical diagnosis of HCM by two dimensional speckle tracking (2DST) is critical to prevent…

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    The Sonography Principles and Instrumentation (SPI) examination format is 110 questions multiple choice, done online interactively, and tests basic physical principles and instrumentation knowledge essential to sonography professionals and students. The cost for the SPI examination is $200. However, the test result is a PASS or FAIL decision. In addition, a scaled score will be received, ranging from 300 to 700. A scaled score of 555 is required to pass all ARDMS examinations. Qualifications to…

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    wall. And thus, the stiffer the aorta is, the higher the elastic modulus will be, because of a less strain as the result of less relative deformation. On the other hand, arterial stiffness is usually expressed in the quantitative terms of compliance and distensibility [54]. Compliance is defined as a change in cross-sectional area for a given change in pressure. Distensibility is defined a fractional change in volume or cross-sectional area for a given change in pressure. They are parameters…

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    Technology has advanced significantly that now a simple cholesterol test or Electrocardiogram (EKG) is not sufficient to help people who may experience a heart attack in spite results of normal cholesterol. Newer imaging technology such as, CT scans, MRI, 3-dimensional echocardiography (3-D echo) and PET/CT scans have changed the game by being less invasive and less expensive. Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) is a diagnostic tool used for early detection to find small blockages in coronary…

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