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  • Prosthetic Aortic Valve Endocarditis Case Study

    Prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis without evidence of vegetation Introduction The modified Duke criteria for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) include three major and five minor criteria. One of the major criteria is evidence of structural findings on echocardiography such as an oscillating intracardiac mass, abscess or partial dehiscence of a prosthetic valve (1-2). Less common echocardiographic findings of IE include pseudoaneurysm, fistula, or valve perforation. The American Heart Association (AHA) Valvular Heart Disease Guideline and AHA Scientific Statement list new valvular regurgitation as a major criterion (3). Valvular vegetation remains the pathologic hallmark of infective endocarditis. M-mode echocardiography, transthoracic…

    Words: 1494 - Pages: 6
  • Essay On Echocardiography

    types of test, procedures, and exams used in the health care field. This is especially true when it comes to the cardiac field of medicine. For the purpose of this paper, the focus will be directed toward two specific test used in the cardiac field, echocardiography (transthoracic, transesophageal, and stress test) and coronary CT angiography. Both are similar in their own ways of pertaining to the heart but both are also different in ways of why they are used, the benefits of each, also the…

    Words: 840 - Pages: 4
  • Echocardiography Case Study

    Summary: Gerhardt, a 58-year-old male, presents to the doctor’s office with a low pulse rate, often times as low as 28bpm, and a feeling of sleepiness. Patient denies dyspnea, chest pain as well as palpitations. Physical examination revealed a high pulse pressure of 70 mm Hg, mid-systolic murmur and an occasional mid-diastolic sound suggestive of structural heart abnormalities. Question: What is an echocardiogram and how is it used diagnostically? Generate: Echocardiography is a modality…

    Words: 569 - Pages: 3
  • Pediatric Clinical Report

    During my Pediatric clinical, I had the pleasure of assisting with the care of a nine year old female. Her primary reason for hospitalization was hyperthermia, nausea and vomiting. However, the primary reason for the hyperthermia, nausea and vomiting, was still unknown on the day of my clinical. Diabetes mellitus was the only diagnosis in her family history. The patient did not have any known diseases and the doctors following her case had ran multiple diagnostic test that did not show any…

    Words: 737 - Pages: 3
  • Essay On Myocardial Infarction

    heartbeats(1). In summary, heart attack or myocardial infarction is damaged of heart’s tissue, and it has several symptoms, for instance, discomfort, pressure, heaviness, and extreme weakness, anxiety. The diagnosis of the heart attack depends on the symptoms and test results, for example, Blood tests, echocardiography and Cardiac catheterization(1). The first test result to dingoes heart attack is a blood test may be drawn to measure levels of cardiac enzymes that indicate heart…

    Words: 671 - Pages: 3
  • Explain The Signs And Early Detection Of Heart Disease

    Technology has advanced significantly that now a simple cholesterol test or Electrocardiogram (EKG) is not sufficient to help people who may experience a heart attack in spite results of normal cholesterol. Newer imaging technology such as, CT scans, MRI, 3-dimensional echocardiography (3-D echo) and PET/CT scans have changed the game by being less invasive and less expensive. Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) is a diagnostic tool used for early detection to find small blockages in coronary…

    Words: 1017 - Pages: 4
  • Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Case Study

    wall. And thus, the stiffer the aorta is, the higher the elastic modulus will be, because of a less strain as the result of less relative deformation. On the other hand, arterial stiffness is usually expressed in the quantitative terms of compliance and distensibility [54]. Compliance is defined as a change in cross-sectional area for a given change in pressure. Distensibility is defined a fractional change in volume or cross-sectional area for a given change in pressure. They are parameters…

    Words: 1053 - Pages: 5
  • Fontan Procedure: A Case Study

    [31]. Many investigators believe that routine pre-Fontan cardiac catheterization is mandatory step to assess the single ventricle hemodynamic data such as pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), and single ventricle end diastolic pressure. In addition, it can detect abnormalities which are needed to be intervened on prior to Fontan completion such as significant systemic to pulmonary collaterals (SPCs), single ventricle outflow obstruction, and pulmonary artery (PA)…

    Words: 1470 - Pages: 6
  • Ventricular Obstacles Of The Human Body

    surgery where the pericardium is opened. This abnormal motion can be seen on M-mode echocardiography as dyskinetic motion of the interventricular septum, with normal myocardial thickening. They further explain that this motion abnormality is not just confined to the interventricular septum, but is actually a global phenomenon affecting the whole heart. This means that the anterior motion of the entire heart within the thorax is exaggerated and that this anterior motion of the heart is…

    Words: 2207 - Pages: 9
  • Ultrasound Research Paper

    according to the company’s website. Visualizing via Ultrasound Ultrasonography or simply ultrasound is a form of medical imaging scan that uses sound waves to visualize images and help make a medical diagnosis. The use of sound waves as an imaging tool has limitations, such as unable to penetrate deeply that leads to poor image result, performs poorly if gas is present between the transducer and the target organ, and does not easily penetrate the bone. 1. Obstetrics – ultrasound of the pelvis…

    Words: 867 - Pages: 4
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