Distillation

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    Distillation Lab Report

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    components. This is accomplished through distillation which is the separation of a mixture of compounds. There are two types of distillation; simple and fractional. Simple distillation is used when separating liquids and solids or between liquids with boiling points that differ by more than 40-50°C. On the other hand, fractional distillation separates two volatile liquids in order to achieve two purified components. In the case of this experiment, fractional distillation is used as the unknown…

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    This lab used techniques in steam distillation to extract crude oil from cloves. The cloves were boiled in a round bottom flask and using a hydrodistillation apparatus, the crude oil was separated from the cloves and sent into a clean flask. This step was used to separate the essential oils from the cloves (Setzer, W., 2008). The distillate was poured into a separatory funnel and extracted three times with dichloromethane to extract the water. After being extracted three times, a fifth of the…

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    Thu Doan Chem 2211-02 Fractional Distillation of a Binary Mixture 1. Explain why a packed fractional distillation column is more efficient than an unpacked column for separating two closely boiling liquids. Packing in the columns create more theoretical plates, which means better efficiency for distillation. The packed fractional distillation column provides a large surface area for heat exchange between the vapor and liquid. This allows for better separation between the liquids. 11. a) A…

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    DISTILLATION The purpose of experiment 1, fractional distillation and gas chromatography, was to separate an unknown organic mixture into two liquids. The primary process of separation was fractional distillation, which utilizes the physical properties of the two unknown volatile liquids. Once the unknown mixture was successfully fractioned, gas chromatography was used to help determine the identity of the two unknown liquids. Fractional distillation and simple distillation both take advantage…

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    and fractional distillation an equimolar solution of ethyl acetate and propyl acetate was seperated. After distilling 20 mL of the mixture the samples were collected in fractions, which were then analyzed using gas chromatography. The mole ratios of the distillations were converted to a percentage to analyze percent composition. Simple distillation yielded the following results: S1- 69.88% EA/ 30.12% PA, S2- 66.73% EA/ 33.27% PA, and S3- 46.42% EA, 53.58% PA. Fractional distillation yielded:…

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    Distillation Essay

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    Distillation is the most widely used separation process in the chemical industries. The separation of mixtures by distillation depends on the relative volatilities between the components. The greater the relative volatilities, the easier the separation. DME can be used as an alternative raw material when it is converted to gasoline. The DME is converted to gasoline range hydrocarbons over a zeolite catalyst. In the gasoline production reaction, some reactions cause unwanted components which may…

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    products is done through a technique called distillation. This lab looks at two different distillation techniques, simple and fractional. Acetone and butanone were mixed together and then put through the distillation process in order to obtain each as a pure substance. These substances were boiled into vials that gave us fractions #1-4. Fraction #1 was obtained through simple distillation and fractions #2-4 were obtained through fractional distillation. The fractions were then ran through a gas…

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    Purpose The purpose of this experiment was to collect three different fractions of a mixture of hexane and toluene at differing temperatures. From there, the fractions would be measured via gas chromatography to discover the percent composition of hexane and toluene in each fraction with the ultimate goal of having one fraction with mostly hexane, one with mostly toluene, and one with an even mixture of the two. Along with this, there is also the goal of redistilling one of the fractions in…

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    Gas Chromatography

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    In this lab, a hexane and octane mixture was purified, through distillation, to pure octane. The distillation could be completed because part of the solution, hexane, had a lower boiling point than the other, octane, allowing it to evaporate out. Throughout the experiment, four samples were taken and tested by gas chromatography. Gas Chromatography, or GC, was used to analysis the components of each fraction taken during the experiment. Upon looking at the data, the presence of hexane in the…

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     Used Lubricant Regeneration Technology Most conventional processes for used lubricant regeneration involve physical separation and chemical treatments to remove the contaminants and impurities from used lubricants to make it suitable for re-use. Some of these technologies generate liquid effluents, solid wastes, and air emissions during the regenerating process. The types of wastes, effluents, and wastes vary with the technology and processes used, and the environmental control methods [CEPA,…

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