Deliberative democracy

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  • MODE Model

    spontaneous process is based on one’s perception of that immediate instance versus the deliberative process where there is deliberation regarding behavioral options. Fazio (1990, 1999) argues that attitudes can dictate behavior in a spontaneous manner, without the individual consciously reflecting on the relevant attitude and without the individual’s awareness of the attitude’s influence. Memory automatically activates the attitude upon an immediate encounter with the attitude object, and this attitude will influence how the person interprets the object in the immediate moment. Ultimately, the interpretation of the object will affect the person’s behavioral response. For attitudes that are strong enough to be automatically activated by perception, attitude-relevant behaviors activate unimpeded by controlled, conscious processes. Fazio and his colleagues have researched and documented the many consequences of accessible attitudes that contribute to the attitude-behavior relation. For example, he has shown that strong, accessible attitudes can shift attention (Fazio et al., 1992), bias visual perceptions of an object (Fazio et al., 2000), and influence categorization of the attitude object (Fazio et al., 1997). Additionally, there is a linear…

    Words: 1273 - Pages: 6
  • Aristotle's Definition Of Democracy

    that the city-state too cannot remain the same” (1276b). Democracy is among the several different types of constitutions Aristotle recognizes. Democracy is what Aristotle describes as a “deviant constitution.” This type of constitution is deviant because it is for the benefit of the poor, but not for its common profit. Though democracy is the most moderate deviant constitution and arises from polity. City-states in which the poor, or those who do not possess much property, are in authority…

    Words: 996 - Pages: 4
  • Are All Men Created Equal According To The Declaration Of Independence Analysis

    2A To consider democracy as “government by the people” is a very broad and general definition for the term. In all branches of the government proposed by the Constitution, the officials’ decisions can somehow be traced back to the wishes of the people. However, some branches represent the people much more directly than others. The framers of the Constitution knew that the American people would not accept a monarchy or aristocracy, but they also knew the dangers of complete democracy. Thus, the…

    Words: 1436 - Pages: 6
  • Aristotle's Strengths And Limitations Of Democracy

    “Man is by nature a political animal” is perhaps the most quoted phrase from Aristotle’s Politics despite the observation that the context in which this claim was made has not always been properly understood. Recently, however, frustrations with the lack of political participation in modern liberal democracies have contributed to renewed interest in some of Aristotle’s ideas—namely, democratic theory. Throughout chapters 9 to 13 of Book 3 of Politics, Aristotle provides an empirical assessment…

    Words: 1211 - Pages: 5
  • Democracy And Utilitarianism

    DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY AND MULTICULTURALISM Democracy is one of the most controversial concepts (issues) in social sciences. It means very roughly ‘’sovereignty of people’’. In this frame, democracy emphasizes that power is in the hands of the people. Democracy can be different from society to society (people to people). The root of the word of democracy means ‘’ people’s power (sovereignty)’’. It is originally comes from Greek. ‘’Demos’’ means people, ‘’kratos’’ means power. Democracy is the…

    Words: 1988 - Pages: 8
  • Direct Democracy Essay

    Direct democracy is a system where people decide on and vote on policy initiatives and laws directly, using several instruments like referendum, initiative and recall. Referendum mainly implies that a bill that has been passed in the legislature will be obliged to be set for a popular vote. This essentially means that the public can veto on a bill passed by the legislature. The instrument of Initiative lets members of the public propose/suggest a bill or a constitutional amendment, which will…

    Words: 783 - Pages: 4
  • Rortyan Ironist Epistemic Deliberativism

    There are many differing views about democracy, but “currently, there are three prominent streams within pragmatic political philosophy: Deweyan democratic perfectionism, Rortyan ironism, and pragmatist epistemic deliberativism” (Talise 2014 123) that provide for the conception of liberal democracy and its implementation. Though each of these philosophical explanations offer their own unique conception of democracy along with how to fulfill democracy’s enactment, pragmatist epistemic…

    Words: 1718 - Pages: 7
  • Aristotle's Arguments Of Democracy

    Aristotle disparages democracy, literally as the rule of the people- “Democrats hold that if men are equal by birth, they should have an equal share in office…” (p.102)-as well as, a type of government in which the poor masses have control and use it to serve their own ends. Among forms of majority rule such as democracy, Aristotle prefers the political system that is a constitutional government. Throughout the end of Book III of Aristotle’s Politics, democracy is discussed at length as a…

    Words: 1208 - Pages: 5
  • Rousseau's Social Contract Theory Of Democracy

    the center on congress at Indiana University, Lee Hamilton, a former member of the United States House of Representatives, states this about government, “no matter how good a policy, if good people aren’t available to carry it out, it will fail.” As democracy puts governmental power into the hands of the people, it is crucial that citizens embody the theory of enlightened self interest where the ideas of common good are above those of the individual. With a mindset that good people are needed to…

    Words: 842 - Pages: 4
  • Moravcsik's Argument Analysis

    Follesdal & Hix recognize numerous holes in Moravcsik’s arguments. Though the policies of the EU and voter preferences tend to always align, this is insufficient. Democrats, particularly libertarians, want strong safeguards to ensure that government will be accountable. They want reliable mechanisms to ensure there will be no misuse of power (Follesdal & Hix, 2006). Secondly, they stress that Moravcsik underestimated the importance of the deliberative and pluralist conception of democracy.…

    Words: 900 - Pages: 4
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