Database normalization

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    Normalization is the process by which a data is formatted into relationships that can be easily delineated into respective tables to make Database Management Systems capable of utilizing the data effectively. With normalization, information can be confidently accurate in any system and it is to a business’ loss if the fundamentals of normalization are ignored. So what does Normalization look like? There are four levels called first, second, third and fourth normal forms. First Normal (1NF) requires the database to have no repeating groups and must identify all the key attributes that are dependent on the primary key. The second form (2NF), requires being in 1NF and additionally has no attributes dependent on only a portion of the primary key. Thirdly, third form (3NF) is in 2NF and also contains no transitive dependencies while the last normal form eliminates multivalued dependencies in a database. Normalization begins with the first step 1NF, which comes after studying the data. Here the design analyst identifies and eliminates all the attributes that will end up repeating themselves in a table. An example of this would be StudentID, Student_State, and ClassID, where Student_State will end up repeated in all the same fields that StudentID has multiple…

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    Data integrity ensures that data is ultimately accurate. This is important when trying to analyze data that is stored in the database or data warehouse. Inaccurate data will lead to false results in reporting and analytics that will affect any business decisions that need to be made. When dealing with data integrity, having the full or complete set of data is a necessity. If only half or some of the data is entered than it cannot be considered accurate. There are several ways to ensure that data…

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    order to have a good relational database and to avoid unnecessary data in your database systems you are required to perform normalisation. According to Rob et al., (2008) Normalization is a process for evaluating and correcting table structures to minimize data redundancies, thereby reducing the likelihood of data anomalies. √ Normalisation helps us to structure our database tables effectively in order to improve the performance of the database systems. Once you have a good structured table, it…

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    This quote ties into the theme of societies normalization, by establishing the rigid and operational parts as well as the need to repair or reform those who do not function within these societal operations. Yet despite all of these strong examples of normalization, the epitome comes when Bromden describes the “The worker takes the scalpel and slices up the front of old Blasticq with a clean swing and the old man stops thrashing around. I expect to be sick, but there’s no blood or innards…

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    My initial thoughts and feelings walking into the courthouse were one of nervousness, and excitement. I was nervous to be in the presence of criminals, and to go through security. Also, just being around people with such high authority is intimidating. I was really excited though, I have always been interested in the workings of a trial. I was anxious to hear what the case I was sitting in on was all about, and do come up with theories and verdicts of my own. The spatial arrangement in the…

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    Step 9 monitors the database application systems and improves performance by making amendments to the design as appropriate. 16.2 What factors can be used to measure efficiency? There are a number of factors that we may use to measure efficiency: • Transaction throughput: this is the number of transactions processed in a given time interval. In some systems, such as airline reservations, high transaction throughput is critical to the overall success of the system. • Response time: this is…

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    Web-Based Database Paper

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    WEB - BASED DATABASE - PART 1 Step 1 - Define the scope and function of the enterprise you have selected. Identify the requirements of your database. Engineering Orientation Program The system I have selected is the Engineering Orientation Program. This is a student run organization through the college of Engineering. This is a one day program in the beginning of the school year to help the transition into college for incoming freshman. It helps the freshman stay updated on network events…

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    [pic][pic] [pic]2 RELATIONAL MODEL: CONCEPTS, CONSTRAINTS, LANGUAGES, DESIGN, AND PROGRAMMING [pic][pic][pic][pic][pic][pic][pic][pic][pic][pic] [pic]5 The Relational Data Model and Relational Database Constraints This chapter opens Part II of the book on relational databases. The relational model was first introduced by Ted Codd of IBM Research in 1970 in a classic research publication "System R4 Relational." (Codd 1970), and attracted immediate attention due to its simplicity,…

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    benefit of using a relational database is that it can help the efficiency of data storage by avoiding data duplication. It is very easy to change data and the format of it which can be added or removed easily. The data can only be stored once so no more than one record change is needed. Relational databases are used to work together by primary key and foreign key as this creates a link between more than one table. By this it can use the attributes and entities within the database which makes it…

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    Primary Data Analysis

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    Introduction and Methodology As you know, the data collection has two types which are primary and secondary data. The primary data are collecting information from different sources such as observation, interviews, and survey or questionnaire. While the secondary data is information collected previously by someone else and it is available on the internet or journals and in a company the records. I choice primary data collection, which is a questionnaire. Thus primary data has advantages which…

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