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  • Cryptography: The Invasion Of Privacy

    hacked fairly easily. As civilizations began to develop and technology improved, the ideas and methods became more advanced and mathematics began to be involved which started the idea of substitution where each letter was replaced with another. The most general substitution cipher has 26! amount of possibilities- this corresponds to around 10^(23) possibilities (Singh). This extremely high number made it impossible for the message to be cracked in the time it was popular, and even today it would take a computer and entire day to go through all of the possibilities and find the right one. Cryptography became more advanced and secretive which encouraged people to think outside the box on how to break the ciphers which is where the term cryptanalysis, or code breaking, came from. When substitution was still the primary form of encryption the cryptanalysts noticed that each replacement letter would take on all of characteristics of the old letter which allowed for frequency analysis to develop. Cryptanalysts noticed that the letter E was the most commonly used letter in the alphabet (13% of all letters used) so if the letter E was replaced by the letter W then W would appear 13% of the time. From here the cryptanalysts studied all of the letters in the alphabet to see which letters were most or least likely and from there could break the cipher of the messages they intercepted (Singh). Once this process was figured out it became easier to crack any substitution cipher because…

    Words: 1328 - Pages: 6
  • Alan Turing Accomplishments

    Alan Turing was misunderstood, to say the least. The man we now regard as the father of modern computer science was heavily criticized and discouraged during his life for various reasons. Nonetheless, Turing was an incomparable mathematician way ahead of his time, and he made major contributions to the math and technology fields, helping win World War II and creating a path for modern computers to become a reality. We recognize him today with great honor and respect, but throughout his lifetime,…

    Words: 1165 - Pages: 5
  • Alan Turing: The Code Breaker Who Saved

    The code breaker who saved millions Intro: On September 3rd of 1939, four countries declared war on Germany, France, Australia, New Zealand, and Britain. That was the beginning of WWII for Britain. One important role they played in the war was the decryption of the Enigma code. The enigma code was first discovered by the Polish who shared the information with the British and the French when they were in fear of attack. When the Polish shared their information with the British about the Enigma,…

    Words: 1162 - Pages: 5
  • Steganography Analysis

    With new threats and plots being developed each day, the need to encrypt and decrypt secure communications is at an all-time high. Here in the United States the National Security Agency uses cryptanalysis to protect the nation from threats both here and overseas. All branches of the United States Armed Forces require secure communications during war and peace. The development of new cryptographic systems is paramount in keeping those forces ready. Cryptography has uses in every part of modern…

    Words: 2146 - Pages: 9
  • Differences Between Cryptography And Steganography

    data and to prevent hackers [4]. Cryptography is the science of using mathematics to encrypt and decrypt data. Cryptography enables you to store sensitive information and transmit it across insecure networks (like the Internet) so that it cannot be read by anyone except the intended recipient. While cryptography is the science of securing data, cryptanalysis is the science of analyzing and breaking secure communication. Classical cryptanalysis involves an interesting combination of analytical…

    Words: 2898 - Pages: 12
  • Different Features Of Cryptography

    In a general level the functions of scrambling and unscrambling messages can be called encryption and decryption, thought depending on which technique is used there exists a more specific vocabulary. The opposite of cryptography is cryptanalysis, the science of breaking codes and ciphers. One of the earliest cryptanalytic techniques is frequency analysis, a process which was first described by “the philosopher of Arabs, al-Kindi” in the ninth century. The basis of this technique is the analysis…

    Words: 1204 - Pages: 5
  • Assignment 2: Symmetric Cryptography

    In most cases, this is recorded real communication. with a flawed encryption algorithm you can use that to break the rest of the encryption. For example: with the old pkzip encryption method. In this case if you had any of the unencrypted files in the archive, you could use that to obtain the key to break the rest. Plain text attack is the other type of attack for cryptanalysis the place that the attacker have the samples of the plaintext as well as encrypted version (known while cipher text…

    Words: 1749 - Pages: 7
  • Symmetric Encryption Vs Blowfish Algorithm

    Abstract— the focus in this paper is on the symmetric encryption. There are some basic information about this type of cryptography will be reviewed. Then, symmetric cryptography advantages and problems will be covered. After that, comparison on several symmetric algorithms are discussed. These algorithms are DES, Triple DES, AES, RC2, RC4, RC6, and Blowfish. Keywords—Cryptography, Symmetric Encryption, Encryption, Decryption, DES, Triple DES, AES, RC2, RC4, RC6, Blowfish. I. INTRODUCTION…

    Words: 1711 - Pages: 7
  • RSA

    CPU usage and power consumption. People might also use different cryptography such as Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) rather than RSA 4096 bits when the 2048 RSA bits is no longer viable. This might be because ECC provides the same security as RSA but they have advantages of memory and speed consumption. 4096 bits RSA might be safe from brute force attack but it still vulnerable to channel side attack. In 2013, three Israeli Security Researchers at Tel Aviv University cracked the 4096 bit RSA…

    Words: 2349 - Pages: 10
  • Pgp Encryption Research Paper

    users will adopt the technology immediately. This paper explains what PGP encryption is and how it works, merit of PGP security, what makes difficulty of using PGP encryption, and its limitation. What is PGP encryption and how does it work? PGP is an abbreviation for “Pretty Good Privacy.” It is a hybrid encryption since PGP is a combination of some best features of both original and public key cryptography. If you encrypt the plaintext using PGP, it firstly compresses the plaintext and by data…

    Words: 837 - Pages: 4
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